The Challenges Faced by Life Education of College Students in Higher Vocational Colleges
Yang Bo Tang & Mariano T. Bagasol
At present, vocational college students' life education has achieved certain results. As an important group, vocational college students' understanding and pursuit of life are positive on the whole, but there are also problems such as weak life safety consciousness, utilitarian life value concept, simple cognition of life existence and so on. Therefore, thinking about the current life education of college students in higher vocational colleges, exploring the challenges it faces and putting forward the solutions are helpful to enhance the effectiveness of life education of college students.
Morphological Characterization and Determination of Mycotoxigenic and Non mycotoxigenic Producing Penicillium SP from Bakery Food Products by UV Light and Ammonia Vapor Test
Sowmya K L & Dr. Ramalingappa B
Products from bakeries are vital for a healthy diet. Both macronutrients and micronutrients, which are essential for preserving human health, are abundant in it and of great quality. The most popular goods are buns, bread, cupcakes, cookies, and toast. Due to inappropriate handling and poor sanitation, a variety of filamentous fungi are implicated in the spoiling of bakery food products. Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites made by filamentous fungi and found in food and feed. The purpose of this study was to identify the mycotoxigenic and non-mycotoxigenic isolates of Penicillium sp. using morphological characterization.Eighteen (18) isolates of Penicillium spwere obtained from bakery foods that were gathered from bakeries in rural locations, such as Mayakonda, Avargere, Anaberu, Alur, Attigere, Echagatta, Bathi, Kodaganur, Bada, sasalu around Davangere city. They were cultured on different media. Colony colour and texture were seen to assess macromorphological qualities, while spore colour, size, structure, conidiophore structure, conidia, and vesical form were inspected under a microscope to determine micromorphological characteristics.On coconut cream agar (CCA) medium plates, UV fluorescence of isolates was used to measure mycotoxin generation. Penicilliumsp isolates from 16 (88.88%) of the isolates were positive for mycotoxin, while 2 (11.11%) of the isolates tested negative. The prevalence of Penicillium sp., a mycotoxin-producing organism, emphasises the need for action to eradicate their presence in food. The highest incidence of Penicillium sp. was recorded in samples collected from Anaberu, followed by Attigere, Alur, Bathi, Echagatta, Bada, Kodaganur, Avargere, Mayakonda, and Sasalu.
The Effect of Public Sector Financial Management Reforms on Fraud Prevention and Control in South South Nigeria
Inyang, Ethel Ohanya, Dr. Edith, Ogoegbunam Onyeanu, Inyang, Ochi Inyang, Umagu, Udemeobong Bahakongfe
Public financial management is at the crux of the public sector as its covers government revenue generation, public procurement/expenditure reporting, and accountability. For a smooth functioning public financial management process, there must be mechanisms to ensure transparency and accountability, which are done through reforms. This paper evaluates the effectiveness of public financial management reforms on fraud prevention and control in the Nigerian public sector. Specifically, this study considers the adoption of the Treasury Single Account and Integrated Payroll and Personnel Information system and their effect on fraud prevention and control in South-South Nigeria. A 5-point Likert scale structured questionnaire was issued to 269 auditors and accountants across MDAs in six south-south states of Nigeria. The data obtained were analyzed using the non-parametric method models to see the effect of these reform initiatives on fraud prevention and control in the region’s public sector. The results of the OLS show that treasury single account, integrated payroll, and personnel information system have a positive and significant effect on fraud prevention and control in the public sector, South-South Nigeria. Following the results of the findings, it is recommended that in addition to enhancing the use of ICT, the government should ensure the proper implementation and functioning of these reform initiatives collectively and individually to reap their full potential. To ensure these procedures are followed and relevant, they must ensure regular reviews and monitoring. These systems should be regularly reviewed and monitored to ensure that any vulnerabilities and flaws can be exploited, found, and fixed as soon as feasible.
Enhancing the Agri-aqua Food Value Chain through Smart Technologies and Partnerships towards Food Resiliency in the New Normal in Central Luzon, Philippines
Pablo J. Rafael, Jr., Fe L. Porciuncula, Roberto Miguel V. Sayco, Elimar R. Arellon
Problem: The COVID 19 pandemic brought disruptions to the whole supply and value chains including that of the tilapia industry bringing about declining production due to delays in stocking and difficulty in accessing input supplies aggravated by mobility restrictions that similarly impeded the transport of inputs and produce. These situations led to lower supply, consumption, and distribution and marketing of tilapia that pushed the surge in price making it less affordable and available to consumers with low spending capacity due to lost jobs. Even the persons involved in tilapia industry such as the fish vendors, processors, suppliers and transport workers lost their jobs due to the current health crisis. Improving the food supply and value chains in the new normal is imperative to adjust the management of the flow of goods and services towards increasing agricultural productivity and competitiveness. Design/Methodology/Approach: To demonstrate the convergence of technology transfer modalities, the supply and value chain improvement approach in multi-locations was employed with focus on building community-based food production enterprises and improving the operations of agri-aqua technology business incubators (ATBIs) to ensure food resiliency in the new normal. Findings: The tilapia farmers in Pampanga and Nueva Ecija were independent and hands-on in their tilapia farming business. They were generally exposed to high economic risks (i.e., declining farm gate prices of tilapia amidst rising feeds and fertilizers costs) and organizational risks (i.e., lack of unity among fishpond operators such that they sell their produce at a lower price compared with that offered by the other tilapia farmers in the area). Their concerns may be categorized into three: production, processing and marketing. The project expanded the production area, increased the raw material supply intended for processors’ use and provided support mechanisms to the players in the entire food value chain in order to achieve an all-inclusive supply chain for tilapia in the region. Conclusion: The challenges faced by the tilapia farmers, the unanticipated impact of COVID-19 and the prevailing market conditions magnified the need for a more forward-looking policy package that focuses in the promotion of sustainability and resilience of the tilapia farming ecosystem in the region. This policy package must underscore science and technology interventions, maximization of the science and technology community-based farms (STCBF)-technology business incubation (TBI) interface, promotion of the food value chain, and support to programs for sustainable tilapia farming ecosystem in Pampanga and Nueva Ecija to address the immediate and medium-term needs of the tilapia farmers beyond the crisis. All these can reshape and build a resilient tilapia farming ecosystem in the region.
Impact of Psychological Dynamics on Computation Performance of Short Distance Runners in Tirunesh Dibaba Sport Training Center
Fikadu Mitiku Tolesa
Introduction: Various psychological dynamics affects performance in athletics competitions. However, less is known about theimpact of psychological dynamics on computation performance of short distance runners. Objectives: The study was initiated to assess the impact of psychological dynamics on computation performance of short distance runners in TiruneshDibaba sport Training center. Methods: Whole athletes in sprinting discipline (N=48), male (n=31) and female (n=17) have been used as a population for this study. We used census sampling techniques. The result collected by questionnaire from the target respondents tabulated and analyzed using Mean and standard deviations (SD) as a statistical tool by the researcher. Results: The multiple regression result shows that competitive performance is affectedby a couple of psychological dynamics such as levels of stress and anxiety with 35.1% of variance (R2=.351), F=90.037, p < 0.05). Levels ofstress andanxiety moderately and positivelyimpactemotions of competitive performance with effect sizeis of (R2= .351, F =, 90.037 with Beta value (B) =1885, p < 0.05. Conclusion:The present study established the association between psychological dynamics and competition pereformance among novice short distance runners. Psychological dynamics such as anxiety and stress are symptoms of low athletic performance indicating the mental health condition of athletes. These findings suggest the necessity to understand the impact of psychological dynamics on competition performance of short distance runners in the context of Ethiopia. Future research is required to inspect the mental health level of elit and novice athletes.
Assessment of TVET Institution’s Readiness for Adoption of Technology Enhanced Learning in Practical Instruction Delivery
Lilian O. Nwandu, Ashagwu O. Okadi, Ph.D, Ifeanyi B. Ohanu, Ph.D, Chibueze T. Orji Ph.D, Chiamaka A. Chukwuone,Ph.D, Toochukwu E. Ejiofor, Ph.D, Nnenna A. Ibezim, Ph.D, & Emmanuel C. Osinem,Ph.D
Problem: The study aims to assess the level of readiness of TVET institutions on adoption of technology enhanced learning (TEL) in practical instruction delivery in Nigerian universities. The study focused on two aspect of TEL readiness namely technological readiness of faculty members and technical support readiness of the TVET institutions. Design/methodology/approach: The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The population for the study was 360 lecturers from 6 TVET institutions, each from six geopolitical zones of the country that accepted to join in the study. A 20-item questionnaire titled TVET Institution’s Readiness for Adoption of Technology Enhanced Learning Questionnaire (TIRATELQ) was developed and face validated by five experts from TVET institutions in Nigeria. Cronbach Alpha reliability method was used for establishing the internal consistency of the instrument which yielded a reliability 0.82, indicating that it was reliable. Data was collected through the use of Google forms. The collected data were analyzed using mean (X) and standard deviation (SD) to answer the researcher questions, while ANOVA statistic was used to test the two null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings: The study found that most lecturers in TVET institutions have low skill in the use of blogs, video clips, social media, Youtube and audio recording and that the institutions do not provide technical support and training to academic staff which implies that the institutions’ readiness for adoption of technology is low. Conclusion: There has been increased pressure for the adoption of technology enhanced learning for instruction delivery in TVET institutions occasioned by the Covid-19 pandemic which disrupted academic activities. Hence, this study was carried out to assess the level of readiness of TVET institutions on the adoption of technology enhanced learning in practical instruction delivery. The study concludes that the technological skills readiness of TVET institutions are low and also that technical support for the adoption of TEL are not put in place by TVET institutions. TVET institutions in Nigeria are therefore encouraged to make policies that would promote technical support for academic staff in relation to the adoption of technology enhanced learning in instruction delivery. Thus, this study therefore contributes to existing literature as work has not been done on e-readiness in relation to TVET teacher institutions in Nigeria.
The Impact of Organizational Resources on the Sustainability of Small Businesses
Omobolaji Ayomide Odegbesan, Charles Korede Ayo, Odunayo Salau
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) play a crucial role in fostering economic growth but encounter obstacles such as limited financial access, inadequate infrastructure, and unreliable electricity supply. This study examines the determinants of SME sustainability in Nigeria, focusing on finance, location, power, and sustainability. Using data from 500 SMEs in Lagos, the researchers applied structural equation modeling (SEM). The findings indicate that access to finance, location, and power significantly influence SME sustainability in Lagos, Nigeria. This research advances the understanding of SME sustainability in developing countries like Nigeria and has practical implications for policymakers and business owners. Policymakers should implement measures to enhance financial access and improve infrastructure, including reliable power supply. Business owners can utilize these insights to make informed decisions and implement strategies for their SMEs' growth and sustainability. Overall, this study sheds light on the factors impacting SME sustainability in Nigeria, offering both theoretical and practical implications.
Influence of Artificial Intelligence on the Employment of Chinese Higher Education Students Review and Research Limitation
Nannan Shan & Nor Ain Abdullah
The objective of this study is to examine the correlation between artificial intelligence (AI) and the employment opportunities available to Chinese students pursuing higher education. This study aims to examine the multifaceted effects of artificial intelligence (AI) on student employment. It will consider various factors, including the transformation of the job market driven by AI, changes in education and skill requirements, the role of AI in career guidance and recruitment, and the impact of remote work and globalization. By analyzing these variables, we seek to gain a comprehensive understanding of the intricate dynamics of AI's influence on student employment. Moreover, this study aims to investigate the impact of education quality as a mediating variable on the potential modification of these relationships. The research is delimited to specific variables and stakeholders within the Chinese context. The findings' generalizability may be compromised by resource limitations.
Employee Engagement and Profitability: The Power of Employee Involvement in Organizations
Abhilasha T. R, Kavitha A Karkera, Rajeshwari G. V & Poornima U Kotehal
This research article examines the effect of employee engagement and empowerment on employee performance and organisational profitability. The study investigates how companies adopt various strategies to engage and empower their employees, including participative decision-making, employee empowerment, open communication channels, and employee recognition and rewards. The article highlights the benefits of these practises, including increased employee engagement, improved innovation and problem-solving, increased job satisfaction and employee retention, and a positive organisational culture. Southwest Airlines and Zappos are examples of companies that have successfully implemented employee engagement and empowerment practises to drive performance and profitability, lending credence to the findings. The research article provides insightful information for organisations seeking to improve employee performance and achieve sustainable profitability through employee involvement and empowerment initiatives.
Interrelationship between Sharpe Index Model and Portfolio Markowitz Model in the Context of Correlation Coefficient and Market Variance
Dr. Kiran Kumar Tarikere & Akhil Dattatraya Joshi
Problem: There are different types of market that do exist which are Monopsony, Duopsony and Oligopsony. If one buyer exists, then it is called as Monopsony. If two buyers are present, then it is called Duopsony. If more than two buyers exist then it is called as Oligopsony. In the same way there are different markets which are classified based on the number of sellers. If number of seller is one then it is called as Monopoly. If the number of sellers is two, then such situation is called as Duopoly. A situation where the number of sellers is more than two is called as Oligopoly. In the context of Duopoly, there are many companies which are present in the market. When analysis of these companies is done it is generally observed that the theories used are Portfolio Markowitz Model. In this model, details of assets with respect to their β values, σ values and correlation coefficient are collected and the final analyses with respect to proportions are made. These proportions help in dividing the available funds in the market. Similarly there is one more theory called, Sharpe Index Model which deals with stocks when the investment is huge i.e. for more than two shares. If the Sharpe Index Model is considered for two stocks than it gives important results This paper deals with identifying effects on parameters Correlation Coefficient and Market Variance which arises when the Sharpe Index Model and Portfolio Markowitz Model are equated under Duopoly Market where the numbers of stocks are two only. Design/ Methodology/ Approach: Applied Research Design, Convenience Sampling, Theoretical Approach Findings: The value of correlation coefficient is r12 = β1β2 σ2m/ σ1σ2 Conclusion: Further application of theories of complex numbers in identifying standard deviation and variance with respect to market can be new scope of research.
Funding and Covid 19 Pandemic: Evidence from Selected Universities in Nigeria
Adebayo Gbenga Ayodele (Ph.D) Saliu Hakeem Tomi (Ph.D) Oyedele Oloruntoba (Ph.D)
COVID-19 pandemic has hit different countries with varying intensity, responding to the crisis has presented an unprecedented challenge to most governments in the world, both in scale and in the depth of impact on education. This paper examines funding and covid-19 pandemic of selected Universities in Nigeria. The study adopted survey research design; primary data was collected from academic staff of the selected Universities, using semi-structured five-point scale questionnaire. One -Way Anova (Multivariate test) was used to test for the effect of funding on covid’19 pandemic. Findings revealed that funding has significant effects on covid-19 pandemic in the Universities in Nigeria. The paper recommends that National authorities and the international community need to protect education financing, through strengthen domestic revenue mobilization; preserve the share of expenditure for education and address inefficiencies in education spending.
Unleashing the Power: Unraveling the Effects of Reserve Requirements on the Thriving Profits of Ethiopian Commercial Banks
Habtamu Ditta Hirpo & Dr. AashkaThakkar
This study examined the impact of reserve requirements on the profitability of Ethiopian commercial banks. The study utilized secondary data from the National Bank of Ethiopia's consolidated data and the banks' annual reports to ensure a comprehensive dataset. A quantitative research approach and an explanatory research design were employed using panel data from one state-owned bank and nine private commercial banks over an eight-year period. The target population consisted of sixteen private and one state-owned commercial banks operational from 2015 to 2022, with a sample of 10 banks selected through non-probability purposive sampling. The analysis utilizes descriptive statistics, correlation matrix, and panel data econometric modeling with STATA to investigate the relationships between variables. The findings demonstrated that reserve requirements had a significant negative impact on the profitability of Ethiopian commercial banks, as measured by both ROA and ROE. As reserve requirements increased, the banks experienced decreased returns on assets and equity, indicating a financial burden and reduced profitability. However, control variables such as credit risk, liquidity risk, and deposit fund did not significantly influence ROA or ROE, suggesting that variations in these factors did not have a significant impact on bank profitability in Ethiopia. On the other hand, the study found that bank size had a highly significant and positive effect on both ROA and ROE, indicating that larger banks tended to achieve higher returns, potentially benefiting from economies of scale or other advantages associated with their size. Furthermore, loan production had a statistically significant positive impact on ROE, suggesting that increased loan production led to higher returns on assets for commercial banks.
Navigating the Turbulent Terrain: Gauging Student Experiences with Blended Teaching Learning Modalities
Michael Tomas Sebullen, LPT, CFP, PhD
This research assessed the challenges faced by senior high school students in blended teaching and learning during the 2020-2021 academic year. Data from 68 teachers and 168 students were analyzed using a descriptive-evaluative and descriptive-evaluative research design. Students rated moderately challenging problems through a Likert-type survey. The study found that the most common challenges were incompatible online resources (50.3%), limited teacher support (45.5%), and technology-related difficulties (4.2%). These challenges were rated as very serious, indicating their significant impact on students' learning. The study highlights the importance of addressing these challenges to improve the educational experience of senior high school students in blended learning. It provides a foundation for future research and modifications in blended teaching and learning practices.
Inclusive Workplace and Performance of Manufacturing Firms in Southeast, Nigeria
Okechi, Obiora Anthony, Professor Ogbo, Anastasia Ifechukwudebelu, Iyke-Ofoedu, Maureen Ifeoma (PhD), Okereke, Lawrence Okoronkwo, Ogbonna, Kenneth Egwuatu
This study focused on inclusive-workplace and performance of manufacturing firms in Southeast, Nigeria. The study explored the nexus between inclusive workplace and performance; determined the extent to which sense of belonging affects profitability, and ascertained the extent to which access to organization’s resources influence service delivery in manufacturing firms in South-East, Nigeria. This study adopted a survey research design. The sample size of the study was 456 employees. The study used well-structured questionnaire. The study analyzed data using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Structural Equation Model was used. The study found that sense of belonging has a positive and significant effect on the profitability of manufacturing firms in South-East, Nigeria. The study further found a positive and significant link between access to resources and service delivery of manufacturing firms in South-East, Nigeria. The study concluded that there are substantial findings regarding the effects of sense of belonging, access to resources, and sense of authenticity on profitability, service delivery, and innovative activities. The study recommended that manufacturing firms should prioritize creating a sense of belonging among employees, and that it is paramount for manufacturing firms to ensure adequate access to resources.
Economic Growth Energy Consumption Nexus in Sub Sahara Africa: Does Institutions and Fragility Matter?
Olele Hilda Enoh
Through the decades, Sub-Sahara African economies have adopted several projects and programmes to boost economic growth through sustainable energy consumption. The growth effect of such policies has remained a contentious and lingering issue given the volatile institutional framework of the sub-region. This study attempt to examine the growth-energy consumption nexus with special emphasis on the effects of institutional factors and fragility The study covered twenty-four (24) economies in sub-Saharan Africa over the period 2000 to 2020. Adopting the GMM estimation technique, the study recognized that energy consumption impacts economic growth positively across full sample and fragility regimes, although the findings are highly sensitive to fragility level since the impact was insignificant in countries that are highly fragile. Thus, the study concludes by suggesting among other policy options that countries in the sub-region should invest conscientiously in the energy sector and improve on their institutional frameworks in order to stimulate sustainable growth.
A Quantitative Analysis on the Satisfaction of Residents on the Integration and Development of the Chengdu Chongqing Economic Circle
Chen Shi & Ma. Elizabeth Trinidad
The developments regarding circular economy during the past decades introduced the economic model called “Economic Circle” or “Circular Economy”. This model seeks to change the direction of the economic landscape from an expendable system to a more sustainable and regenerative one. In this study, a rising economic circle around the cities of Chengdu and Chongqing were examined. Particularly, this study aimed to answer, “What is the satisfaction level of Chengdu and Chongqing residents along economic, societal, technological and innovation, and environmental factors that influence the integration and development of the Chengdu-Chongqing economic circle?”. Descriptive research design was used to identify the aforementioned factors and a 58-item questionnaire was distributed to a total of 210 respondents along these areas. It was found in the study that the residents are generally satisfied with the progress and initiatives related to these factors. While residents are satisfied overall, it is important to maintain a balanced approach to development. This means ensuring that economic growth is accompanied by measures that promote societal well-being, technological advancements, and environmental sustainability.
Tribal Economic Management of the People of Didayi Tribe of Malkangiri District of Odisha in India
Mr. Jyotiranjan Gudia and Dr. Ratnakar Mohapatra
The purpose of the article is to focus on economic management of the people of Didayi tribe of Malkangiri district of Odisha in Eastern India. India is a country whose geographical boundaries are different from other countries. Similar to other states of India, Odisha has a variety of tribal communities. Of the state's total population, 22.84 percent are members of 62 tribal groups that the government of Odisha has identified. Out of these, 13 tribal groupsare identified as undeveloped tribes which the Government of India has been promoting through various agencies by identifying these tribal communities as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs). Didayis is one of the PVTGs found in Malkangiri district of Odisha. They speak a special language called 'Gahtasa' to communicate. Its population as per 2011 census is 8000 in the district alone, from the Kondakameru mountain range to the Godavari river valleys at an altitude of 2000-3500 feet above sea level. They are mostly found in 39 villages of Khairaput, Korukonda and Chitrakonda blocks. The geographical boundaries inhabited by the Didayi tribe are divided into three regions, namely, the plains, the hills and the isolated land, which have different lifestyles. They typically rely on traditional agriculture, animal husbandry, gathering forest products, hunting, and fishing to make a living. Due to the lack of transportation facilities where they live, they often focus on different types of traditional agriculture. It is an interesting study, for which present scholars/authors have undertaken it for scholarly work. Source materials collected from both the primary as well as secondary data have been utilised by the scholars.
Trail to Adulthood: Status of Youth Grounded on Markers of Adulthood
Naviya Antony K. and Dr. A. Shahin Sultana
Adulthood is considered as one of the longest life courses; major transition is taking place in one’s life during the entry of this life course. There are markers or milestones one must achieve to enter into adulthood. Many researchers have reported that young people of modern society take much longer time to enter into adulthood and durability of the transition period is unusually longer than normal transition (Arnett, 2000; Cote, 2000; Robbins &Willner, 2001). The term “Emerging Adulthood” is a culturally constructed life course that has been introduced by Arnett (Arnett, 1994). The paper is trying to find out the Perceived adulthood status, Status of achieved markers and the Importance given by the young people to the markers using the Markers of Adulthood scale introduced by Arnett. The study has been conducted among young people aged between 18 and 25 in Kerala, India. The study results show that heterogeneity exists in this age group is related with their adulthood perception and most of the markers are not yet achieved by the majority of the participants. They give importance to their individuality as well as their civic responsibility and parental care.
Mechanical Properties of Concrete Incorporating Teff Straw Ash as Cementitious Material
Getachew Asefa Alene, Amare Tilahun Tessema, Natnael Melsew Wolelaw
The production of cement results in the loss of natural resources, massive energy consumption, and environmental CO2 emissions that contribute to global warming and climate change. In order to solve the issue researchers are becoming more interested in finding an alternate material to partially replace cement with industrial and agricultural wastes. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of using Brown Teff Straw Ash (BTSA) as partial replacement for ordinary Portland cement (OPC) in the production of C-30 concrete. Concrete mixtures were created by partially replacing cement with BTSA in varying weight ratios (0%, 5%, 10%,15% and 20%) while maintaining a constant water-to-cement ratio of 0.5. Concrete test samples were put through testing for consistency, setting time, workability, compressive strength, water absorption, and flexural strength. The test findings showed that the workability exhibited a decreasing trend as the percentage of BTSA component increased, with recorded slump flow values ranging from 27 to 42 mm. contrarily, an increase in BTSA content was accompanied by a trend towards longer setting times for concrete mixtures. Initial and final setting times were between 62.5 and 110 minutes and 295 and 490 minutes, respectively, which is within the acceptable range. Concrete's compressive strength declined as the proportion of BTSA increased; the findings for the 28th day sample with 5% and 20% of BTSA, respectively, were measured at 38.14-22.16 MPa. However, it increases as the curing days increase, whereas the water absorption of the concrete increases as the BTSA increases but decreases as the curing days increase due to the porous nature of the BTSA. From the study, the results for flexural strength indicated a falling trend with a rise in BTSA's share. In general, it was also observed that, from the compressive strength, the concrete satisfies its design strength up to 10% replacement level without compromising the performance of concrete.
Managerial Milieu and the Performance of Public Enterprises in Nigerians North Central States
David Teryisa Adagba, Vincent A. Onodugo, Innocent Igbadoo Chia, Paul Shimadoo Mtswenem
This article focuses on the function of public enterprises in Nigeria's economic development, particularly in the North-Central States. It highlights the challenges faced by these enterprises, including insufficient funding, political interference, and ineffective management. The paper investigates the effect of the managerial environment on their performance, explicitly investigating factors such as funding and the ethnic composition of management teams. The research methodology involved selecting a sample of 191 staff from 30 public enterprises using Fisher's method and Bouley's formula. The study findings reveal that funding significantly affects productivity, with respondents identifying issues such as inadequate funds and delays in their release as significant challenges. The ethnic configuration of leadership was also found to have a significant impact, with perceptions of favouritism based on ethnicity, thereby hindering merit-based appointments. The study highlights the importance of addressing funding constraints, improving financial planning, and promoting fair and transparent leadership selection processes. The statistical analysis confirms the adverse effects of funding and ethnic configurations on public enterprises' performance. Effective management is crucial in addressing these challenges and improving overall performance. The study's implications call for policy reforms and managerial actions to create a conducive environment fostering inclusive and effective public enterprise governance. By addressing these issues, public enterprises can enhance their performance, financial stability, and overall effectiveness, contributing to the economic development of Nigeria.
Parental Involvement and Academic Success in Grade 10: A Comparative Analysis of Socio-Economic Groups
Caster Jovanhoe T. Badival, Jonathan Jose S. Vincoy, Kent Langato
Problem: Parental involvement is considered important for a child's academic development. However, limited research has examined the relationship between parental involvement and academic achievement among Grade 10 students from different socio-economic groups. The research aims to find a significant relationship between parental involvement and academic performance among low-income, middle-income, and high-income groups. Moreover, it also aims to determine if there is a significant difference in the level of parental involvement and academic achievement among the three socio-economic groups. Design/Methodology/Approach: This study used a purposive and random sampling method to select 350 Grade 10 students from one public and one private school. Participants completed a questionnaire consisting of a demographic section, including socio-economic groups and academic achievement measured by GPA, as well as a 4-point Likert scale to assess the level of parental involvement. Statistical analyses, including correlation, ANOVA, and Tukey's post-hoc test, were conducted to examine the research questions. Findings: The results indicated no significant relationship between parental involvement and academic performance among the different socio-economic groups. However, a significant difference in parental involvement was found between the low-income and high-income groups. Additionally, a significant difference in academic performance was observed between the low-income and middle-income groups. No significant differences in parental involvement or academic performance were found between the middle-income and high-income groups. Conclusion: These findings suggest that factors other than parental involvement may play a more prominent role in determining academic performance among Grade 10 students across different socio-economic groups. Socio-economic disparities may influence parental involvement levels, with low-income families facing greater challenges in actively engaging in their child's education. Furthermore, the study highlights the existence of a socio-economic achievement gap, with low-income students experiencing lower academic performance compared to their middle-income peers. Understanding these connections is essential for developing interventions and support programs to bridge the achievement gap and promote equitable educational opportunities for all students.
Corporate Board Characteristics and Financial Reporting Time Lines of Distress Likelihood Zone Firms in Nigeria
Akpokerere, Othuke Emmanuel (PhD) and Onatuyeh, Edwin Aruobogha (PhD)
Literature is replete with copious studies on the relationship between board characteristics and financial reporting timeliness of corporate firms in both developed and developing countries. However, studies that have explored this relationship using distress likelihood zone firms are sparse. Therefore, this study seeks to provide empirical evidence as to whether the time interval between when corporate financial reports are produced and when they are published is connected to distress likelihood zone firms while exploring the extent to which corporate board characteristics like board size, board independence, board gender diversity and board diligence influence the financial reporting timeliness of the firms. Based on data extracted from the audited annual reports of 20 distress likelihood zone non-financial firms listed on the Nigerian Exchange Group (NGX) for the period 2011 to 2020, determined using Altman Z-score Model, results of the random effect regression model revealed that both board independence and board diligence exert positive and significant influence on the financial reporting timeliness of the Nigerian firms investigated. However, the regression model did not produce similar results for board size and firm size as both variables exert a negative influence on the timeliness of financial reporting of the firms. Unexpectedly, the study did not provide evidence to support the general belief that board gender diversity can reduce time taken by firms to release financial reports given the conservative and risk-averse nature of the female gender regarding decision-making. Hence, we recommend optimal increase in the number of independent directors and female board representation to guarantee board effectiveness, improved firm performance and timely publication of financial reports amongst the Nigerian firms investigated.
Formulated Phytomolecules for Wound Healing Activities: A Review
A. Karthigayani, G. Snegha, M. Bhuvaneshwari, S. Arthi, M. Vikram, S. A.Vadivel
In ancient times various medicinal plants were used for wound healing as well as other diseases. In such way, now many medicinal plants are subjected to show the wound healing properties. The medicinal plant shows wound potential via activation of NF-Kb, favoring pro-inflammatory cytokines, increased expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase, alpha 1 and 1 collagen, anti-oxidant activity and angiogenesis. The present review is about the treatment of cuts and wounds includes the usage of plants and the plant extract. The extracts are taken from the plants and their explants by using different solvents (water, ethanol etc) and by using different techniques (infusion, decoction, percolation etc). Many studies were conducted to evaluate the extract of plants for wound healing properties. Wound healing process can be classified into two class, they are basic science aspect of wound healing and practical aspect wound healing. The basic science aspect of wound healing deals with the four phases of wound healing and the practical aspect of wound healing are subdivided into acute and chronic wounds. This review validate the traditional claims and development of safe, effective and globally accepted medicinal plants for cuts and wounds. From this, we report various medicinal plant that can be used as wound healing agent around the world.
Product Diversification Strategy and Performance of Selected Manufacturing SMEs in Southwest Nigeria
Abimbola Oluwaseun Oladotun, Oladele Joseph Kehinde, Lateef Abolaji Adio, Augustina Esitse Dada
A firm can only survive in a competitive market by adopting and implementing effective growth strategies. This study examined the effect of product diversification on the performance of small and medium enterprise (SME). The study adopted a simple random sampling methods andthree hundred and eighty-four (384) copies of the questionnaire were distributed among the SME owners and managers in Southwest Nigeria, out of which three sixty-one (361) were retrieved and analysed. Structural Equation Modelling (SMART PLS) were used for the analyses, The results (β= 0.840, R2=0.706) indicate that product diversificationhas significant effects, with 70% predictability on performance of SMEs. It was discovered that product diversification has the most predictive value on service quality, followed by profitability, market share and customer satisfaction.This connotes that when SMEs owners constantly introduce new product line on the strength of their existing brand, it would increase their performance. This study recommended that the owners of SMEs should continue to intensify efforts to strengthen their diversification initiatives, intrapreneurship drive, customer responsiveness, employees' motivation, quality product and customer satisfaction to drive and fosters the SMEs' performance.
The Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility on Consumer Loyalty: The Mediating Role of Corporate Image
Siraw Yenesew Tesfa, Aschalew Degoma Durie (Ph.D) Alaza Amare Ekubu (Ph.D)
The main goal of the study was to examine the Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility on Consumer Loyalty: The Mediating Role of Corporate Image with a focus on Ethiopian brewery factories. Beer drinkers who gave the primary data via the questionnaires created by the researcher for this purpose were chosen using purposeful sampling. The direct and indirect effects of corporate social responsibility on customer loyalty were quantified through quantitative study. Using Amos 22 software, structural equation modelling was used to measure the structural model and confirmatory factor analysis was used to test the measurement model. The results demonstrate that corporate social responsibility improves customer loyalty in Ethiopian brewery factories in part through corporate image. It is only partially significant in both cases because the coefficient for the effect of corporate social responsibility on consumer loyalty without corporate image as a mediating variable is higher than the coefficient of the direct effect with mediating variable present. Additional research might be done to look into additional potential mediating factors for the relationship between corporate social responsibility and customer loyalty
Retail Investors perception: An Indian Derivatives Market perspective
Sonu Dalal & Professor. Karampal Narwal
The analysis of retail investors' buying patterns will reveal intriguing patterns regarding the evolution of the derivatives market over the past few years. Due to the broad use of behavioral finance principles in the capital market, researchers are becoming increasingly interested in studying these topics. As fuel for the investors' preference-based behavioral analysis model, the need to comprehend the derivatives market is expanding every day. The goal of this study is to provide the researcher with a quantitative model that highlights the different elements that affect how investors behave in derivative markets. Additionally, this study compares the frameworks that are currently in use and suggests a quantitative model that would help organizations grow their enterprises to the highest possible level.
Tertiary Staffs Perceptions of the Cruciality of Department Head Characteristics in Malaysia
Fung Lan Yong, Melinda Kong, Ming Ha Lee
The purpose of this study was to examine staff’s perceptions of the cruciality of department head characteristics at private tertiary institutions in Malaysia. The Perceived Department Head Characteristics Questionnaire was administered online to collect data that was subsequently analysed using SPSS 26.0. Results showed that tertiary staff perceived several leadership characteristics as highly crucial for department heads. Mann-Whitney U test for perceived characteristics across gender revealed no statistically significant differences for all the items, except for fairness. Kruskal-Wallis H test revealed no significant age differences for all perceived characteristics, except for even temperament. The same test showed no significant differences for all items in terms of qualifications. One-sample Wilcoxon test revealed that the median of all perceived characteristics was significantly greater than the hypothesized value of 3.5.Lastly,among others,91 to 96 percent of tertiary staff perceived characteristics such as fairness, honesty, active listening, empathy, compassion, innovativeness, interpersonal communication, organisational skills and charisma as highly crucial/crucial.
The Impact of Government Expenditure on Innovation in Nigeria: An Empirical Analysis
Eunice O. Akhigbe, Ebenezer I. Bowale, Ese Urhie, Dauda Musa
Innovation can be considered as something inventive, fresh, and unique. It could also be in the form of renewing or changing the way something has been done in the past. The broad objective of this study is to investigate the long-run impact of government expenditure on innovation in Nigeria; specifically, to examine the long-run effect of both capital and recurrent expenditure on innovation in Nigeria. The study made use of Schumpeter’s Theory of Innovation as an underlying theory for study. The study employed the Johansen cointegration test and error correction model as analytical techniques for this study. The study discovered that there exists a long-run relationship between government expenditure and innovation in Nigeria. The result of error correction modelis negative and significant. It indicates that previous period’s deviation from long run equilibrium is corrected in the current period at an adjustment speed of 2.27%. The coefficient reveals that the speed of adjustment between the short-run and long-run realities of the cointegrating equations is 2.27% in a period. Based on the findings the study recommended that since there is a long-run relationship between innovation and government expenditure, there is a need for government to increase both capital and recurrent expenditure to boost research and development in Nigeria which will have a transmission impact on the economy. The study also recommended the need to innovate both public-private partnership investments in Nigeria.
Exploring Womens Economic Empowerment Through Urban Productive Safety Net Program: The Case of Gullele Sub-city In Addis Ababa
Ayenew Mammo Seyoum (PhD)
This study was done to assess the impact of Urban Productive Safety Net Program (UPSNP) on Women’s Economic Empowerment in district 7 and 9 of Gulelle sub-city, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The study examined economic empowerment from the point of women's access to finance through job opportunities and financial services, women's involvement in decision making process in the UPSNP structure and how women's engagement in the UPSNP has impacted the environment. Using a mixed research method of quantitative and qualitative natures, the study found out how UPSNP has contributed in economically empowering women and in bringing positive change on the urban environment at the study area. The study did also reveal that the weak link of the program, which is the negative attitude of participating women towards taking credits for livelihood development purposes. The researcher obtained valuable information from secondary materials such as books, articles, and MA theses. Furthermore, the sources are critically collected, scrutinize and analyzed and their validities are cross-checked one against the other. Finally, as a historical research, the paper is based on a systematic selection, collection and analysis of archival documents, manuscripts and secondary sources of both published and unpublished. Therefore, the paper was written based on a critical analysis of several sources and oral informants gathered from know legible people.
Impact on the Level of ICT Literacy Integration of Economic Management Teachers in Shijiazhuang Vocational Colleges
Li Pei & Dr. Jennifer M. Dindin
Improving the level of teachers' ICT literacy integration is the key to teachers' Digital transformation and an important component of promoting the implementation of digital education. Using a mixed qualitative and quantitative research method, Shijiazhuang Information Engineering Vocational College was selected as the research object. Through a questionnaire survey, Likert four level scale, and weighted average, it was determined that the integration level of ICT literacy among economic management professional teachers was high. Through interviews, it was determined that the main influencing factors included teacher subjectivity, educational and teaching environment, and school training system. This study provides reference for the research in the field of Digital transformation of China's higher vocational education, the improvement of teachers' ICT literacy integration level, and the practical experience of localized teaching in Shijiazhuang.
Effectiveness of Broadcast Messages in Achieving Sustainable Development Goal One (Poverty Eradication) in Ebonyi State, Nigeria
Maduka Nwambam & Andrew Hyacinth Ngene & Chioma Njoku
Broadcast media are so effective in development goals especially in rural communities. This study was meant to ascertain effectiveness of broadcast messages in achieving sustainable development goal one in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. This study is anchored on Development Media Theory, survey method and in-depth interview were used. Out of the 3,490,383 population of Ebonyi State, 385 respondents were selected as the sample, through Australian Calculator. It was found that187 (49.5%) respondents which is the majority had a very high level of awareness of broadcast messages on (SDG-1),29 (7.7%) of them had average level of awareness of broadcast messages on (SDG-1),86 (22.8%) respondents were motivated to start cassava production by broadcast messages on (SDG-1), 35 (9.3%) of the respondents reported that they were motivated to start fisheries through broadcast messages on (SDG-1).34 (8.10%) respondents ticked that poor infrastructure is the factor that hinders the progress of broadcast messages on (SDG-1) in Ebonyi State, majority of the respondents103 (27.2%) said that unemployment is the factor hindering the progress of broadcast messages on (SDG-1) in Ebonyi State. Part of the recommendations is that the state government should try as much as possible to create jobs for the people. The state government should construct all the roads in the state making it very easy to travel from rural areas to the city of the state. This will enhance easy flow of businesses.
Audience Perception of Religious Communication in Economic Crisis and Human Insecurity: A Study of South west, Nigeria
Maduka Nwambam & Andrew Hyacinth Ngene & Chioma Njoku & Ngozi Wellington
Religious communication comprises of variety of themes, depending on the social differentiation and the cultural heritage of the nation. This study was carried out on audience perception of religious communication in the time of economic crisis and human insecurity in South-west, Nigeria. This study is anchored on Cognitive Dissonance Theory, survey research design and in-depth interview were adopted. Out of 28,514,235 population of study, 385 sample was selected. It was found that vast majority of the respondents(71.7%) have a very high level of trust on religious communication in the time of economic crisis and human insecurity, (68.5%) have a very high level of commitment to religious communication in the time of economic crisis and human insecurity,(69.0%) have a very high level of benefits from religious communication in the time of economic crisis and human insecurity,(69.8%) have a very high level of expectancy in economic and security restoration through religious communication,(67.2%) have a very high level of acceptance to religious communication in the time of economic crisis and human insecurity. Some of the recommendations are: The audiences of religious communication should combine both human efforts and religious communication in the restoration of Nigerian economy and security. Religious communication audiences should always use religious communication to encourage other members of the society to accept, and work towards restoring the economy and security of the nation. Audiences of religious communication should put more commitment to religious communication, as this would enhance their divine connections, which would reflect in their economic growth and security.
Measuring Social Media Misinformation and Disinformation As Driver for Political Polarization in South West, Nigeria
Maduka Nwambam & Andrew Hyacinth Ngene & Ngozi Wellington
Social media misinformation determines political polarization of some followers, making them accept disinformation for political participation. This paperascertained the influence of social media misinformation on political polarization in South-west, Nigeria.This study was anchored onConspiracy Theory.Survey research design was adopted. Sample size of 385 was purposively drawn from the population of 28,514,235.It was found that(54.2%) respondents were exposed to social media political misinformation at a very high level, (28.3%) respondents were exposed to social media political misinformation on monthly basis, (55.8%) respondents said that they accept social media political misinformation for political polarisation at a very high level, (39.9%) respondents said that political misinformation on social media is an indication of a candidate’s popularity, (36.5%) respondents said that social media political misinformation makes voters to elect mediocre into electoral positions, (41.8%) respondents were of the opinion that social media political misinformation causes conflict between the two major religions groups in Nigeria.Some of the recommendations are:Those who use social media for political polarization should look for credible political stories and not misinformation.The social media political followers in Nigeria should learn to support candidates and not political parties. Nigerian government should make laws prohibiting political misinformation on social media, and therefore state the punishment for any offender.
Financial Inclusion and Macroeconomic Stability As a Panacea for Poverty Reduction in Nigeria: An Empirical Analysis
Oladotun T. Mabinuori, Oluwatoyin A. Matthew, Ebenezer Bowale
The study evaluated the impact of financial inclusion as a panacea for poverty reduction in Nigeria. It employed the Johansen cointegration test and the Granger causality test as an analytical technique based on the outcome of the unit root test conducted. The study found that the Trace test indicates eight co-integrating variables while the maximum Eigenvalue indicates three co-integrating variables at a 5% level of significance. The result showed that there exists a long-run relationship between financial inclusion, macroeconomic stability, and poverty reduction in Nigeria. The Error Correction Mechanism (ECM) test revealed that about 29 per cent of disequilibria in Nigeria’s poverty gap ratios in the previous years are corrected for in the current year. The Granger causality result revealed that the financial inclusion index, government revenue, government expenditure, money supply, interest rate, and the number of deposit money banks do not have a causal relationship with poverty gap ratios, while inflation rate as a uni-directional causal relationship with poverty gap ratios in Nigeria and conclude that there is no causal relationship between financial inclusion, macroeconomic stability, and poverty reduction in Nigeria. Based on the findings, the study recommended that the financial sector in Nigeria needs to expand financial markets and engineer financial services and products particularly dedicated to the requirement of the low-income and rural segment of the population to ensure the availability, accessibility, and usability of financial services, thereby aiming to eradicate poverty and reduce income inequality in the rural and urban areas.
Assessment of School Attendance Policy in Universal Basic Education of Primary Education in Delta State: Evidence From Home Grown Feeding Programme
Akporehe, Dorah A. & Egoh, Blessing
The research work assessed school attendance policy in Universal Basic Education (UBE) of primary education in Delta state using the home-grown feeding programme. The study is an ex-pose-facto research design that utilized the survey method to gather information from primary school teachers in Ethiope West and Warri South West Local Government Areas of Delta state. A questionnaire titled ‘Universal Basic Education Home-Grown School Feeding Pupils' Programme (UBEHGSFPP) was used to collect data. It was validated by two experts in the Department of Educational Management and Foundations and Measurement and Evaluation. The reliability of the instrument was tested with Cronbach Alpha statistics and a coefficient of .80 was obtained. A total of 489 teachers in the two LGAs who teach primary 1-3 were the respondents. Descriptive statistics was used to answer the research questions while ANOVA was used to test the hypothesis at 0.5 Alpha significant level. The findings showed that primary school attendance before the home-grown feeding programme was below the criterion mean. It was also found that school attendance in the school feeding programme mean is above the criterion mean. The hypothesis showed a significant difference in public primary school pupils’ attendance before and in the the school feeding programme. It was recommended that the programme should be sustained through government continuous funding. It was also recommended that parents should be encouraged to send their children to public primary schools so as to benefit from the home-grown school feeding programme.
Elder Abuse: A Study on Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices in Lagos State, Nigeria
Oluwaferanmi Adebayo , Kehinde Oyesomi, Olusola Oyero and Evaristus Adesina
Elder abuse is a global and public health problem especially with many nations of the world, including Nigeria, experiencing rapidly ageing populations. Existing studies in Nigeria have predominantly focused on examining the patterns and prevalence of elder abuse, neglecting the exploration of knowledge, attitudes, and practices associated with this problem. This study aims to investigate knowledge, attitudes, and practices of elder abuse in Lagos State, Nigeria. The concurrent triangulation design was used to executive this study. The survey provided responses from 452 residents while four focus group discussions were conducted with 16 elderly individuals and in-depth interviews were held with eight caregivers and two NGO representatives, all affiliated with Lagos State organizations. The findings revealed varying levels of knowledge among respondents, with a significant number being knowledgeable of elder abuse. This, in turn, influenced them to exhibit positive attitudes and engage in caregiving practices, indicating a preference for elder care over abuse. In conclusion, this study highlights knowledge as a foundational element for shaping attitudes, and attitudes also influence practices. Therefore, it is imperative to direct efforts towards increasing awareness to foster knowledge, positive attitudes, and practices, thereby creating an environment that prioritizes the well-being and care of the elderly.
Product Branding and Consumer Loyalty in Nigeia: An Empirical Study of Registered Bakery Firms in Delta North Senatorial District, Delta State
Dr. Iyadi Rollins Chiyem
This study examined product branding and consumer loyalty in registered bakery firms in Delta North Senatorial District, Delta State Nigeria. The main objective of this study was to examine product branding and consumer loyalty in registered bakery firms in the selected area. The instrument used in generating data was questionnaire administered on one hundred and thirty (130) respondents as Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was the statistical tool used for data analysis. The stated hypotheses used in eliciting information from respondents were tested using linear regression through SPSS as it was more appropriate in testing results of the samples collected. The findings revealed that product branding within the scope of brand equity, brand image, brand name, and brand association have positive significant impact on consumer loyalty. In the light of the above, it was recommended that bakery firms should embrace the practice of product branding as the benefits are overwhelming from the findings of this research. Again small and medium scale enterprises development agencies of Nigeria (SMEDAN) should carryout regular sensitization programs on the need for product branding among bakeries and other firms in the SMEs industry amongst others.
Empirical Study on the Impact of Artificial Intelligence on the Demand for Skilled Labor Based on China Macro Perspective
Nannan Shan , & Nor Ain Abdullah
Purpose: This study aims to explore the impact of artificial intelligence on the changing demand for skilled labor in China, and to provide empirical evidence for relevant policy formulation and talent training. Methodology: By using the research methods of literature review, data analysis and quantitative model construction, based on the panel data of 30 provinces in China from 2009 to 2019 ,the impact of the popularization and application of artificial intelligence technology on skill demand is empirically analyzed . Conclusion: The research results show that the extensive application of artificial intelligence technology has had a positive impact on the total employment of labor force, but it will reduce the employment opportunities of medium-skilled labor force, and the optimization and adjustment of industrial structure shows a clear growth trend in the demand for advanced skills and professional knowledge. It is also found that AI technologies have differential impacts on labor demand across regions. Relevant developed regions, such as eastern and central China, are more dependent on artificial intelligence technology, and the demand for advanced skills and professional knowledge is more urgent. However, in the western part of China, the development of artificial intelligence technology is relatively slow, and the change in demand for skills is relatively small.
Determinants of Host Communities Perception of the Activities of Agro allied Industries and Corporate Social Responsibility Projects in Delta and EDO states, Nigeria
Adaigho Dennis O, Ewododhe .A. C. Abel, Awhareno Uyoyou Sidney
Issues: In quest for natural resources, Agro-allied industries (AAI) in Delta and Edo States owe their host communities in return, corporate social responsibility (CSR). But their level of commitment on this matter is perceived by the farmers (landlords) to be below expectation. Methods: Purposive and snowball sampling techniques were used to select 250 respondents for the study. Data were generated from primary sources using a validated questionnaire, summarized with descriptive statistics, and analyzed by multiple linear regression. Findings: The predominant farming activities in the area were crop production (89.60%), livestock production (78.80%), and fish farming (69.60%). The mean monthly income was N63.086.96 in Delta State and N83,845.76 in Edo State, with a pooled mean monthly income of N73,516.36. About 95.60% of the farmers were aware of the activities of agro-allied industries (AAIs), while 63.20% of the respondents accepted that they had benefited from the AAIs. Out of the ten projects sampled, only three (construction of boreholes (mean =3.77, SD= 0.92), employment opportunities (mean =3.60, SD= 0.76), and youth empowerment and skill acquisition (mean= 3.07, SD= 1.03) were satisfactorily implemented. The farmers’ level of awareness (-1.210**) of AAIs had a negative significant effect on the level of satisfaction, while the farmers’ state of residence (0.138**), number of years lived in the community (0.908), number of years in school (0.207**), and relevance of the agro-allied companies activities (0.230**) had a positive significant influence on the level of satisfaction. Conclusions: The study concluded that, AAIs executed CSR projects in the study area were not satisfactorily implemented as perceived by the beneficiaries. The respondents accepted that AAI's impact had both negative and positive effects on their livelihoods.
Use of Information and Communication Technology Among Village Extension Agents and Farmers in South South, Nigeria
Awhareno. U.S., Atoma C. N. and Owigho, O
This study examined the use of information and communication technologies among village extension agents and farmers in south-south Nigeria. Multistage sampling technique was used to select a total number of 480 respondents from the study area. Two sets of questionnaires were used, data obtained were analysed using frequency counts, mean score, standard deviation and z-test. The results showed that majority of the VEAs were male (54.7%), married (89%), had average age of 45 years while majority of the contact farmers were female (56.7%), married (95.6%) and had average age of 50 years. The mean household size for VEAs was 4 while that of contact farmers was 6. Higher percentage (87.3%) of VEAs had tertiary education, while 35% of the contact farmers had tertiary education. The ICT used by the farmers included mobile phone (GSM) (), radio (), television, video (), computer (, personal e-mail (), and internet (). The constraints to ICT use were lack of internet access in the rural areas, lack of ICT infrastructure, high cost of internet subscription, lack of training on ICT, among others. The z-test result shows that there was a significant difference (M=0.41) in the level of ICT facilities used by VEAs and contact farmers. It was recommended that the states ADPs should mount aggressive training on the importance of ICT use in agricultural extension delivery to sensitise VEAs and farmers to increase their quest for knowledge and improved skills.
Comparing the effectiveness of Vee heuristics, mind mapping and lecture methods on Secondary School Students Achievement in Biology in Delta State
Umeana .I. Maureen, Professor. O.P. Ajaja & Asssoc. Professor T.E Agboghoroma
This study aims to investigate and compare the effectiveness of three instructional methods, Vee heuristics, mind mapping, and lecture methods on Secondary School Students’ achievement in the biology in Delta. The study was guided by the formulation of two research questions and the subsequent development of two hypotheses. The study employed a 3x2 pre-test, post-test planned variation quasi-experimental factorial design for its design. The population of the study consisted of 39,904 Biology students enrolled in public Senior Secondary Schools in Delta State. The study included a sample of 214 Biology students from SSII, who were selected using the simple random sampling technique. The data collection instrument employed in this study was the Biology Achievement Test (BAT), which underwent a thorough validation process. The reliability of the BAT was assessed using the Kuder-Richardson formula 21 (KR-21), resulting in a reliability coefficient of 0.81.The data that was obtained was subjected to analysis using statistical measures such as the mean, standard deviation, t-test, and ANOVA. The findings indicated a statistically significant variation in the mean achievement scores among students who were instructed in Biology using the Vee heuristics strategy, mind-mapping strategy, and lecture method. According to the results of Scheffe's post-hoc test, it was found that the Vee heuristics strategy and mind-mapping strategy were determined to be more effective than the lecture method when comparing the three teaching strategies. The study's findings indicate that the utilization of Vee heuristics and mind-mapping strategies in Biology instruction leads to greater academic achievement among students compared to the traditional lecture method. Therefore, it is suggested that teachers teaching biology at the secondary school level should incorporate Vee heuristics and mind-mapping strategies into their instructional practices for the purpose of enhancing the teaching and learning of Biology.
Stability and Hopf Bifurcation Analysis of Periodic Solutions of a Duffing Equation
Everestus Obinwanne Eze, Onuma Martins Ochunkwo, Maliki Sadik Olaniyi
In this study, the stability and Hopf bifurcation analysis of periodic solution of Duffing Equation were considered. Also other type of bifurcation like the saddle-node, trans-critical and pitch fork were also studied. The eigen value, Jacobian and Floquet theory were used to analyse both the stability and Hopf bifurcation of the periodic solutions of the equilibrium points. The result showed that equilibria points have at most three T-periodic solutions under a strong damped conditions due to the cubic non-linearities. The bifurcation points showed one critical and another subcritical.
Stability Analysis of Periodic Solutions of Vander Pol Duffing Oscillator with Asymmetric Nonlinearities
Everestus Obinwanne Eze, Uchenna Emmanuel Obasi, Apeh Kenneth Okwudili Urama Thomas Chinwe
This paper investigated the stability of periodic solution of Vander Pol-Duffing forced Oscillator with asymmetric nonlinearities using Lyaponov second method. Through the exploits of the critical points of the system, the solution of the oscillator was found to be periodic. Three equilibra points of the system were obtained due to the quadratic and cubic nature of the oscillator. A suitable and complete Lyaponov functional of the model were considered using the total energy of the system. The existence of negative definite time derivative of the Lyaponov function confirmed the asymptotic stability of the equilibrium point of the system. The other two equilibrium points showed one region of instability and the region of stability. Furthermore, Mathcad software was used to analyze the numerical behavior of the system which improved and extended some known results in literature.
Exploring the Link between Entrepreneurial Orientation and Firm Performance among Manufacturing Enterprises in Southeast Nigeria
Obianuju Grace Tojue, Maureen Ifeoma Iyke-Ofoedu, Benjamin I. Chukwu, Omeiza Leonard Audu
This study aimed at entrepreneurial orientation and the performance of manufacturing firms in South-East, Nigeria. In this study, the survey research design was used. The study used of well-structured questionnaires. The sample size of the study was 363. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to choose the samples in stages. Internal consistency was measured by calculating a statistic known as Cronbach’s coefficient alpha. The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin measure was used to assess the sampling adequacy. Descriptive statistics was employed to analyze the responses obtained from the survey instrument. The study employed a Structural Equation Model (SEM) path modeling approach to test the formulated hypotheses. Finding revealed that innovation has positive effect on profitability, and that a significant positive relationship exists between proactiveness and sales volume. Furthermore, finding revealed a significant positive relationship between risk-taking and market shares of manufacturing firms in South-East Nigeria. These findings shed light on the crucial relationships between innovation and profitability, proactiveness and sales volume, risk-taking and market shares among others. The study recommended that manufacturing firms in South-East Nigeria should consider encourage and support a culture of innovation within the organization, encourage employees to explore innovative solutions and provide them with the necessary resources and support to implement their ideas, allocate resources to research and development activities to promote innovation, foster collaborations and partnerships with external entities and continuously monitor and evaluate the impact of entrepreneurial innovativeness on profitability among others.
Implementation of Good Sport Governance in Selected Ethiopian Olympic Sports Federations
Mengistu Galcho Garmamo, Tesfaye Asgedom Haddera, Zeru Bekele Tola, Matiwos Ensermu Jaleta
The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent of good sport governance implementation in selected Ethiopian Olympic sports federations (Football Federation, Athletics Federation, Handball Federation, Volleyball Federation, Basketball Federation, & Cycling Federation). In doing so, the quantitative cross-sectional survey was used. 265 respondents from the sampled federations were selected by stratified random sampling. The data were quantitatively analyzed by Descriptives (frequency and means & standard deviations) & One-way ANOVA. The quantitative findings revealed that the surveyed Olympic sport federations have scored below the expected average level of implementation with a mean score (M=2.40, SD=.38), and also a statistically significant difference between the sampled Olympic sport federations (F 5, 232 =8.18, P<0.001). The findings suggested that the surveyed Olympic sport federations were found to have low scores in good sport governance practice with sever weakness in implementing transparency and solidarity. On this basis, this study has implications for sport managers as it, theoretically, was a significant endeavour in empirically testing the implementation of good sport governance in national sport governing bodies, and has practical implication for policy issues as it investigated the extent of implementation of good sport governance especially it calls for ‘walk the talk’ of transparency & public communication and solidarity.
Anticorruption Thematic in the Fourth Nigerian Republic and Public Finance Management
Nnado Celestine Ifeanyi , Ugwuanyi Boniface Uche & Eze Charles Uzodinma
After twenty-three (23) years of the fourth Nigerian republic, the corruption acutely entrenched in the public sector has consistently surpassed the anticorruption strategies of the successive administrations' rendering them inefficient, helpless and frustrated. The effect of the anticorruption strategies of the fourth Nigerian republic administrations on public finance management was examined using a survey method. The specific objectives of the study were to investigate the effect of anticorruption strategies of the fourth Nigerian republic on aggregate fiscal discipline, allocative efficiency and operational efficiency in public finance management. A structured questionnaire was used to elicit information from the respondents. A total of 492 valid responses were obtained from both physical and electronic means. Descriptive statistics and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were employed for data analysis using SPSS 22. The results show that Nigeria is still below average performance in the fight against corruption in all the indices of public finance management examined. It also reveals a significant positive effect on allocative efficiency but a negative effect on aggregate fiscal discipline and operational efficiency. The implication is that these anticorruption strategies have not yielded satisfactory results. Based on these findings the study recommends intensifying the effort and commitment of the leadership and civil society organization among others.
Streptozocin Induced Anti-diabetic Comparitive Study of Ximenia Americana and Lindera Communis
K S Kulasekhar & Rajasekaran.S
Finding non-pharmacological therapy for diabetes is important given its rising incidence and the negative side effects of chemical medications. In this work, we compared the anti-diabetic effects of leaf extract of Ximena americana and Lindera communis in streptozocin-induced diabetic rats. The genera Ximenia americana and Lindera communis are members of the Olacaceae and Lauraceae families. The plants Ximenia americana and Lindera are widely used in traditional medicine. The leaves, fruits, and roots of Lindera plants as well as the fruit of Ximenia americana contain particularly noteworthy compounds. A chronic study of 28days was done in streptozocin induced diabetic rats with gains Lindera and Ximenia extract and the results of blood glucose levels and effect of streptozocin and extract in different combination on blood glucose variables in albino rats. Blood glucose levels on day zero showed no significant intra group variation. Administration of streptozocin (60mg/kg, i.p.) showed a significant increase in fasting blood glucose levels. After 28 days, diabetic control rats exhibited significantly higher blood glucose levels (313.8 ± 5.12 mg/dl) as compared to the normal control rats (84.9 ± 1.25).
Effects of Farmers Headers Conflicts on Food Production and Security in Delta State Nigeria
Abushe O.P., Nwachukwu N.C, Enimu S. and Ofuoku A. U
The study was design to examine the effects of farmer/herders conflict on food security in Delta State, Nigeria. Simple random sampling proccedure was used to sample 240 respondents for the study and interview schedule was the main instrument for data collection. Result from the study revealed that the mean age of farmers were 38.65years, 69.75% of the farmers were married, about 40.65% had primary education, majority (69.75%) of farmers were female. 21years of farming experience was recorded, the mean family income was #41,750 with a mean household size of 6 persons. Majority (69.75%) of the respondents were into farming as their major occupation. The result showed that the major (80.75%) causes of the conflict was destruction of crops and farmland other notable causes were raping of women, killing of farmers and land dispute between herders and farmers. the result revealed that nine communities out of ten, had conflicts incidence of which three (obiaruku, umutu, Abavo communities) out of the nine had more frequent conflict. The result of the hypotheses showed that there was a significant difference in the level of agricultural production the year 2017 and 2021 (p=0.042<0.05) the implication of this was that conflict had more effect in agricultural production in the year 2021 indicating that there was greater incidence of conflict in the year 2021. The ANOVA result showed that there was significant (p=0.03<0.05) difference in the level of agricultural production and food security status in the three agricultural zones of Delta State. The Pearson correlation result showed that there was a significant relationship between farmer herder conflict and food security in Delta state. It was recommended that farmers should be encouraged to keep on engaging in their backyard farming in other to maintain food security status.
Linguistic Terminologies on Culture Related Practices and Traditions
Teresa Lyn D. Matiwtiw Baguio
This study explored the linguistic terminologies on culture related practices and traditions of Madongo, Sagada, Mountain Province. The study focused on the different culture related terminologies and their definitions, the current situation, and the interventions that can be done to enrich these culture related terminologies. The total number of participants is fifteen (15)- they are the Madongo elders who regularly participate during the enactment of the practices or traditions being done in the community. The researcher made use of individual and small group interview. The following are the findings of the study; There are 15 culture related linguistic terminologies that manifested in the study and these 15 culture related terminologies are considered endangered. Immersion and the elder’s efforts to invite the Youngs are the interventions done by the community to preserve these terminologies. Based on the findings, the following conclusions are drawn: The culture terminologies identified are mostly related to the agricultural cycle of the said barangay; The endangerment of the culture related terminologies is attributed to the advancement of technology, coming of religion, education and work or the sustainment of their daily needs; and There were identified interventions applied by the community in order to enrich the usage of the culture related terminologies in Madongo.
Entrepreneurial Attributes and Business Startups among Undergraduates of Selected Universities in Southwest Nigeria
Augustina Esitse Dada, Omotayo A. Adegbuyi, Mercy E Ogbari, Opeyemi O Joel
Entrepreneurship has helped most countries in the world to solve the problems of unemployment among their citizens most especially the youth. Universities, particularly entrepreneurial universities have played an important role in training graduates and undergraduate entrepreneurs who have contributed to their countries' socioeconomic progress. Despite this assertion, when it comes to educating future entrepreneurs, academic institutions must identify specific skills and abilities required to promote business startups among undergraduate students. To close the stated gaps, the current study investigated the influence of entrepreneurial attributes and business startups among undergraduate students of selected public universities in southwest Nigeria. The target population comprised undergraduate students of selected universities in Nigeria. Specifically, the purposive sampling technique was adopted to select the participants for this study. 381 Copies of the questionnaire were used to collect data from a diverse cross-section of the students. Only 345 copies of questionnaires were received which showed about a 90% response rate. The information collected was analyzed using structural equation modeling. The findings revealed that self-confidence, risk tolerance, persuasiveness, and achievement-oriented positively influence business startups.The more creative and self-confident an individual is, the more likely they are to take risks and venture into entrepreneurship to achieve the desired target.
Nutritional Profile of Anganwadi Children Among 2 to 5 Years of Age Group of Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh
Dr. Manisha Ghritlahre & Dr. Subal Das
Problem: An Anganwadi center serves the extreme vulnerable and underprivileged sections and provides services exact at the doorsteps of the beneficiaries to ensure their maximum involvement. Poor nutritional status of the child leads to development of infectious diseases which may leads to permanent physical and mental impairment. The objective of the present study is to assess the impact of Anagnwadi centers on nutritional status of studied children. Methodology:The study is based on cross-sectional method, conducted on 780 children from 50 anganwadi, aged ranged from 2-5 years of Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh India. Anthropometric measurements, socio-demographic profile, facilities provided in ICDS Centers have been collected from anganwadicenters. All statistical analyses have been performed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS/PC- Version 23). Findings: Present study shows the overall the prevalence of stunting, underweight and wasting are 48.7%, 46.3% and 28.8% respectively which indicates the critical situation of the children. Those children who did not receive regularly supplementary food provided in Anganwadi centers had poor nutritional status than those children who received regularly food.Poor rapport establishment of worker with mothers and children also can be significant factor for the occurrence of undernutrition. Conclusion:Nutrition surveillance should be done continuously and special attention should be given to such as poorest and the most severely malnourished children. Efforts should be taken to supply food with better quality and variety.
Servant Leadership and its Effect on Organizational Citizenship Behavior in Ethiopian Federal Public Service Organizations
Addisu Debalkie Demissie, Abebe Ejigu Alemu, Assefa Tsegay Tensay
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of servant leadership on organizational citizenship behavior. An explanatory research design and quantitative approach were employed. In the Ethiopian public service organization context, data were collected using a standard questionnaire from 321 respondents. The present study employed social exchange theory to explain the effect of servant leadership on organizational citizenship behavior. To test hypotheses, the study employed structural equation modeling using AMOS software version 26. The findings of the study established that servant leadership has a positive and statistically significant effect on organizational citizenship behavior. This study is the first empirical study in an Ethiopian cultural context.
The Impact of Entrepreneurial Values and Venture Creation Among Under Graduate Students of Selected Universities in Southwest Nigeria
Augustina E. Dada, Omotayo A. Adegbuyi, Mercy E Ogbari. Abimbola O. Oladotun & Oluwatosin E. Arejiogbe
Entrepreneurial values among undergraduates play a crucial role in shaping the future of business and innovation. As the next generation of leaders and change-makers, undergraduate students are increasingly recognizing the importance of embracing an entrepreneurial mind set and developing the values that drive entrepreneurial success. This study examined the impact of entrepreneurial values on venture creation among undergraduate students of selected universities in southwest Nigeria. Using a stratified and purposeful sampling approach, 751 questionnaires were administered to undergraduate students of selected universities. 616 copies were received which shows a response rate of 82% response rate. The Smart Partial Least Square (PLS 3.0) was used to analyse the relationship between the study's variables. The result showed that entrepreneurial values contribute more to business opportunity identification and innovation This study recommended that entrepreneurial values be incorporated into the Nigerian entrepreneurship education school's curriculum as part of a nation's long-term policy. Once deeply ingrained among students early in life, it can stimulate venture creation.
Performance analysis of Wireless based VANET using Dynamic Self Configured Weights for high Quality of Services
Basavaraj S Pol & Dr. Seetharam .K
Ad hoc networks have become more popular in recent years and have garnered a lot of interest from researchers, potentially leading to significant technological advancements. Such networks are anticipated to play a significant role in the development of next-generation access networks, whereby end consumers would demand multimedia services offered throughout the world via their wireless gadgets. In the present study, we specifically concentrate our scientific end eavours in the field of Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs) and Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANETs), two distinct types of ad hoc networks that may be utilized to deliver engaging multimedia experiences. A QoS(Quality of Service) is offered over MANETs and VANETs which is an important concern for the researchers due to their distinctive features, which include accessibility, flexible network structure (especially in Vehicular Ad hoc Networks), energy limitations, infrastructure-less design, and variable link potentials. As a result, new techniques for routing must be developed specifically for use in MANETs and VANETs capable of offering services involving multimedia. The primary objective of this study is to improve decision-making regarding pathways or subsequent hops while sending video-reporting messages by contributing to the establishment of the communication architecture of MANETs and VANETs. This would make it feasible to quickly address citywide issues and support emergency response agencies (such as the police, ambulances, and medical facilities) in the event of a crisis (such as a traffic collision). In order to generate a realistic setting for VANETs, we also examined the existence of obstacles on real mappings. The data packet is also kept in a buffer for a specified amount of time while the transmitting neighbour node is discovered in the instance that there is a barrier preventing the prospective next forwarding node from passing through the current forwarding node; alternatively, a loss in the packet happens. We suggest an innovative method of routing that utilizes a game-theoretical strategy for N number of consumers specifically created to send video messages to enhance the MANETs' communication foundation. By obtaining a huge increase in packets that have a lesser average end-to-end latency, less jittery signals, and an increased Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio, our technique increases network efficiency and customer satisfaction. Additionally, we suggest the Multimedia Multimetric Map-Aware Routing Protocol (3MRP), a spatial routing method for VANETs that considers various metrics . A geographic approach that uses hop-by-hop forwarding is called 3MRP. The length of the route, the number of vehicles that exist in the range of the gearbox, the utilization capacity of the bandwidth, the potential paths of the nearby nodes, and the impairments in the MAC layer are the parameters taken into account by 3MRP. A Multimetric value is created by weighing each of these metrics. As a result, a node chooses one of its neighbours to serve as the most effective forwarding node in order to raise the number of successfully delivered packets, reduce the average packet latency, and provide a particular standard of service and performance. In addition, an innovative technique called DSW (Dynamic Self-Configured Weights) calculates the weight assigned to every measure in accordance with the state of the network. Nodes are subsequently more accurately categorized as a result. In conclusion, we provide Game Theoretical Multimedia Multimetric Map-aware Routing Protocol, also called the G-3MRP, an entirely novel routing algorithm for VANETs that is founded on a game theory approach for N number of consumers for transferring video communications for reporting in city areas. Three distinct kinds of video footage-I, P, and B-will be relayed across as many as three neighbour nodes in G-3MRP, which relies on 3MRP. A similar set of metrics that are used in 3MRP are employed. In comparison to 3MRP+DSW, G-3MRP delivers a greater level of customer satisfaction, thanks to users receiving a greater number of packets having a greater average PSNR. We additionally looked at the problem of VANETs in urban environments spotting impediments on real maps. Having created the REVsim  program specifically for such applications to ensure our suggested routing protocols could be readily building aware, preventing nodes beneath buildings from being selected for the subsequent forwarding nodes. Additionally, our models remain more reliable.
Effect of Brainstorming Learning Strategy on Academic Performance of Upper Basic Social Studies Students in Delta State, Nigeria
Onyeka Destiny Ukor (PhD) & John Ejime Emuebie
The study explored brainstorming learning strategy (BLS)effectiveness on the academic performance of Upper Basic Social Studies students in Delta State, Nigeria. The study's design was quasi-experimental. It specifically a pre-test, post-test control groups study with one dependent variable- academic performance, and independent variable, of learning strategy. The study population consisted of 14,952 students. The random sampling methods involved multi-stage balloting, purposive sampling, and the utilisation of an appropriate percentage for the selection of a proportionate number of students (participants). A study sample of 504 participants were involved in the study. The study instrument was a teacher-made test in Social Studies (TMTSS). In order to obtain an appropriate test of significance, the generated scores were subjected to statistical tool of mean (x) to answer the stated research question. The inferential statistics of the t-test were utilized for hypothesis testing. Findings showed that students who learned with a brainstorming strategy increased their performance in upper basic Social Studies in comparison to students instructed with the conventional/lecture method. The study recommended that teachers of social studies should make an effort to utilize brainstorming strategy/methods. This will attract and motivate students to learn better during Social Studies lessons, which will positively affect their learning outcomes.
A Data Meaning Approach to Effect of 12 Week visual Motor Behavior Rehearsal Training on Mental Toughness of Table Tennis Players
Mr. Arnav Sharma, Dr. Brij Kishore Prasad
Problem: The present study was conducted to determine the effects of Visual Motor Behaviour Rehearsal Training on Mental Toughness of Table Tennis players. Methodology: Fifty (50) male state level Table Tennis players with age group 17 to 23 years from Inspire Table Tennis Academy, Secundarabad Telangana were selected and all the subjects were divided randomly into two groups, each group consisting of 25 subjects. Experimental group under gone Visual Motor Behaviour Rehearsal Training for the duration of 12 weeks, three times a week whereas control group was not involved in any training programme except their daily practice. Measurements of Sports Mental Toughness Questionnaire (SMTQ) with three dimensions which were confidence, consistency and control developed by Michael Sheard, Jim Golby, and Anna Van Wersch were taken at the beginning and after the experimental period of 12 weeks. Findings: Descriptive statistics and dependent t-testtaken as statistical techniques were employed. Result of Experimental Group found significant effect at 0.01 level of significance for Confidence, Consistency, and control from sports mental toughness dimensions among Table Tennis players. Conclusion: The study gives us an understanding of various psychological components that affect performance. Visual Motor Behaviour Rehearsal Training contribute to improved performance are; Technique enhancement, error analysis & correction, preparation for competition and improve psychological parameters, i.e., Mental toughness.
Gamification in a Virtual Learning Space: A Pedagogical Practice in the Pandemic Landscape
Merino A. Bantasan
Students’ lack of motivation can serve as an impediment to attaining desired learning outcomes. During the outbreak of the coronavirus, this dilemma has proliferated as classrooms shifted to online learning environments. Teachers were challenged in the utilization of innovative pedagogical practices to keep abreast with the current learning environment. Gamification has been used as one of the solutions to overcome this perennial challenge. However, the dearth of its effectiveness in a virtual learning setup in the course of the pandemic served as a driving force to establish the current research. As such, this study aims to measure the influence of gamified teaching strategy on students’ motivation in terms of attention, relevance, confidence, and satisfaction (ARCS) in a virtual classroom. A class of senior high school students taking Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics who are taking their classes virtually were selected for this research endeavor (n=35). The course content during the conduct of the study deals with two-dimensional kinematics which is a concept-driven and problem-solving-oriented topic in Physics. The researcher employed a one-group post-test pre-test quasi-experimental research to measure the change in students’ motivation exposed from a conventional teaching method to a gamified teaching strategy. Data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney Signed Rank test to compare the students’ level of motivation before and after employing the intervention. Results of the analysis revealed that there is a significant improvement in the motivation of students in terms of attention, relevance, confidence, and satisfaction. These findings propose gamification as a pedagogical strategy that teachers can utilize to elicit learning motivation in a virtual learning space.
Play Way Method and Academic Achievement of Students with Deafness in Social Studies in Special Education Schools in Uyo Nigeria
Dr. Kingsley Ezechinyere Nwachukwu & Dr. Chikodi Joy Anyanwu
This work examined the Influence of Play Way Method on the Academic Achievement of Students with Deafness in Social Studies in Special schools in Uyo Nigeria. The objectives of the work were to examine the difference in the achievement of students with deafness taught social studies using play way method and those taught without in Special schools in uyo Nigeria ; determine the difference in achievement of male and female students with deafness taught social studies using play way method in Uyo, Special schools in uyo Nigeria and assess the difference in achievement of students with deafness in rural and urban areas taught social studies using play way method and those taught without in Special schools in uyo Nigeria . The research adopted the quasi experimental research design of the pre test post test control group methodology. Independent t-test was used to test the hypotheses. A researcher-designed questionnaire titled "Playway Method Instrument" and a Social Studies Achievement Test were the instruments used for data collection. Findings of the study indicated that there is a significant influence of play way method on the academic achievement of students with deafness in social studies in Special education schools in Uyo Nigeria. The study recommended that Teacher should create play activities to engage the students during every lesson. This will engage students into more activities which will enable them use their hands, develop their eye-hand coordination as they usually concentrate carefully on what they are doing
Identifying an Effective Intervention Group for the Control of Intestinal Helminthes in Under 8 School Children in Ugep Urban
Okoi Nta Obono; Etim John John; Obasesam John; Aduloju Richard Akinola & Okonkwo Browne Chukwudi
The aim of this study was to identify an effective intervention group for the control of the intestinal helminthes infection among under-8 years old in Ugep-Urban. The study examined 650 stool samples of under-8 years old children from 6 government-owned primary schools in Ugep-Urban. The researchers used normal saline and iodine to analyze the stool samples and identified two (2) major intestinal helminthes: Ascaris lumbricoides and hookworm. The results of this study revealed that the newly enrolled under-8 years old children in government-owned schools were more infected with Ascaris lumbricoides and hookworm than those in the private owned nursery and primary schools. The study detected a significant difference in the prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides and hookworm between the under-8 years children from government owned primary schools than those in private owned nursery and primary schools (p < .001). The study results therefore suggests that an appropriate deworming programme is needed for the newly enrolled under-6 years old children in the government owned primary schools in Ugep-Urban.
Isolation of Heavy Metal Tolerating Bacteria and Its Effect on Two Different Wheat Varieties
Deeksha Sharma, Kavita Devi , and Ram Prakash Pandey
Heavy metal contamination is one the various reasons for cancer across the globe. Heavy metal load in soil is increasing day by day via various ways including application of chemical fertilizers in crop plants. In current research, attempts were made to isolate the heavy metal tolerating plant growth promoting bacteria. A total of 22 bacterial isolates were obtained from the heavy metal polluted industrial soils from Chandigarh region of India. Isolates were characterized biochemically and were subjected to plant growth promoting tests. Out of total, 59.1% and 50% isolates found positive zinc and phosphate solubilisation. A total of 63.6% isolates found siderophore producers while HCN production was observed in 45.4% isolates. Indole acetic acid (IAA) production was recorded in 68.1% isolates. A total of 4 isolates exhibited 4 or more than 4 plant growth promoting traits and were identified at molecular level using amplification and sequencing of 16S rDNA sequences. The DNA sequences are submitted on NCBI GenBank and accession numbers are obtained. The selected isolates were inoculated with wheat varieties PBW826 and 3086 grown in the sterile pots containing normal as well as heavy metal polluted soil. It was observed that inoculated plant showed significant increase in growth, growth related parameters and yield as compared uninoculated control plants. These isolates could become very crucial for the growth and yield of wheat crop for sustainable agriculture, especially in heavy metal polluted areas. Though, field trials are required to uncover the potential of isolates for plant growth and yield in open uncontrolled environment.
Parents variables and Social Skills Acquisition Among Primary School Pupilsin Akwa Ibom North East Senatorial District
Nsima F. Ikoh, Inibehe E. Ekanem & Uyai Abasi P. Udoh
This study investigated the influence of parents’ variables on pupils’ social skills acquisition in Akwa Ibom North-East Senatorial District, Nigeria. To achieve this purpose, three specific objectives and corresponding research questions were raised to guide the study. Three null hypotheses were also postulated to guide the study and were tested at .05 level of significance. The descriptive survey research design was used for this study. The population of the study was 50,345 primary two pupils while simple random sampling was used to select a sample size of 400 primary two pupils. Parents’ Variables Questionnaire (PVQ), for parents and Pupils’ Social Skills Acquisition Rating Scale (PSSARS) for pupils were used as instruments for the study. The Cronbach’s alpha statistical analysis was used to determine the reliability of instruments which yielded a coefficient indices of 0.89 and 0.92 respectively. Mean analysis and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while independent t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to test the hypotheses. The study revealed that there is a significant influence of parenting styles, parents’ marital status and parents’ socio-economic status on pupils’ social skills acquisition in Akwa Ibom Northeast Senatorial District. Based on the findings of the study, the researcher recommended among others that parents should be encouraged to improve on their relationship with their children and choose the right parenting style that will help the children to behave positively in their social life among peers and perform well in their academics. Ministry of Education, school administrators, teachers, parents, Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Youth Affairs, and other stakeholders should identify and understand the unique needs of individual children, owing to the differences in their parents' marital status. This may help boost the children's acquisition of social skills.
Ratio Based MCDM Methods for Performance Evaluation and Ranking of Sites for Solar Power Plants in Fuzzy Environment
S V V Ramana and M.L.S Devakumar
In this study, ratio-based MCDM methods, such as MOORA (Multi-Objective Optimization on the basis of Ratio Analysis) and MOOSRA (Multi-Objective Optimization on the basis of simple ratio analysis) and MULTIMOORA (Multiplicative Multi-Objective Optimization on the basis of a Ratio Analysis) in fuzzy environment are presented for evaluation and ranking of sites for solar power plant. By integrating ratio-based approaches with fuzzy MCDM techniques, decision-makers can effectively handle uncertainty and imprecision in evaluating sites for solar power plants. These methods provide a structured and flexible framework to make informed decisions, even when faced with subjective or fuzzy evaluations. These methods provide mechanisms to incorporate subjective judgments and preferences of decision-makers, which can be valuable when there are qualitative or subjective factors involved in the decision-making process. In the study, strong and positive correlation between the proposed methods in respect of their ranking is observed and hence aggregate rank is determined.
Tribal Health Care Management of the Kutia Kandhas of Kandhamal District of Odisha in India: A Psychosocial Analysis
Mr. Sunil Mallick, & Dr. Ratnakar Mohapatra
The purpose of present study is to focus on the tribal health care practices of the people of Kutia Kandhas in the Tumudibandh Block of the Kandhamal District of Odisha in India. The full scientific names, family names, local names, plant parts used, and traditional medical information have all been documented. The people of Kutia Kandha tribe rely on their traditional medicine system for their healthcare needs, and their medicine man is their primary referral for treatment. Their traditional medical process involves the study of signs and symptoms, modes of administering treatment and medicine, and a great deal of indigenous knowledge that has been passed down from one generation to another generation. The traditional medicine system of the Kutia Kandha tribe is known for its remarkable variety of therapeutic abilities, ranging from the treatment of serious injuries like deadly bites and safe childbirth to the mending of many chronic illnesses. They employ several treatments to help those with various illnesses and impairments that are supported by religious beliefs. Overall, the study highlights the importance of preserving traditional medicine systems and indigenous knowledge. It provides valuable information about the medicinal plants used by the Kutia Kandha people and their traditional medical practices, which could be useful for further research and the development of modern medicine. Kutia Kandha is considered as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups of Odisha in India. The Kutia Kandha people traditionally inhabit in the hilly regions of Kandhamal and Boudh districts of Odisha. They have a close association with the forest and practice shifting agriculture, relying on the resources provided by the forest for their sustenance. Both the primary and secondary sources are used by the scholars in the writing of this article.
Teachers Variables and Utilization of Instructional Accommodations in Teaching Learners with Hearing Impairment in Akwa Ibom State
Dr. Kingsley Ezechinyere Nwachukwu & Dr. Chikodi Joy Anyanwu
The education of children with hearing impairment has over the years generated a lot of interest to experts in the field of special education. The concern is on the best approach to improve the education of children with hearing impairment all over the world. Apparently, people recognized the need to assist children with hearing impairment to process linguistic information for educational attainment. Hearing impairment is the inability of the ear to receive and give meaningful interpretation to a message or sound. According to Okuoyibo (2006), hearing impairment is an umbrella term used to describe all aspects of disorder affecting the auditory system. Okuoyibo (2006) see it as any hearing loss ranging from mild to profound.
Food Security, Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Renewable Energy: A Systematic Review
Christiana O Hassan, Henry Okodua, Oluwatoyin A Matthew, Tunde M Hassan, Obindah Gershon, Eyitemi A Fasanu
Purpose: The study examined the link between renewable energy, greenhouse gas emissions, and food security in sub-Saharan Africa. Methodology: The study used time series data to examine the impact of food security, greenhouse gas emission and renewable energy using co-integration approach and granger causality in Nigeria from 1981 to 2021. Findings: The findings from this study showed that the adoption and integration of renewable energy technologies have the potential to enhance food security and reduce greenhouse gas emissions in sub-Saharan Africa Research Limitations :one of the main barriers to the adoption of renewable energy technologies in agriculture is the high upfront costs involved because smallholder farmers often lack the financial resources to invest in these technologies, and there are limited financing options available. Hence, there is a need for more research on the social and cultural factors that influence the adoption and diffusion of renewable energy technologies in the agricultural sector
Publics Knowledge and Corresponding Reactions to Early COVID-19 Media Messages in Nigeria
Olayinka Susan Ogundoyin, Daniel I. Nwogwugwu, Stephen Oluwasegun Adetunji, Evaristus Adesina
Media health messages can influence the attitudes and opinions of the public to adopt positive behaviours, especially in the era of misinformation. Previous studies on health media messages in Nigeria largely focused on specific media effects on the public, with little attention paid to how the health media messages influenced the behaviour of the public. This study examined the citizens’ knowledge level of COVID-19 media messages and the influence of these messages on their behavior and actions. The social cognition theory framed this study while quantitative data through an online survey was gathered from a snowball and convenience sampling of 850 respondents living in different states in the country. Data was collected from April to June 2020, when Nigeria's infection rate became intense. The findings revealed that the public received the most COVID-19 information and claimed adequate early knowledge of COVID-19 information, mainly through social media platforms. However, the respondents did not convert this knowledge into positive actions as many often did not observe the recommended preventive measures. Even though the majority knew the virus originated in Wuhan, China, only a few understood its transmissibility. The respondents’ non-adherence to coronavirus information was also a direct consequence of their initial distrust in the Nigerian government and its handling of the spread of the virus. Therefore, media and health organisations in Nigeria, including the Nigerian government, need to intensify efforts to ensure Nigerians' favourable and desired (re)actions regarding coronavirus and future health-related diseases information.
Banditry and Food Security in Northern Nigeria: Trend and Tackle
Dr Ewododhe Abel Akpotu Chukwuka, Dr Romanus Nwadiolu & Mrs Owigho Ogheneovo
The threat of banditry on food security in northern Nigeria is becoming alarming as it has affected the livelihoods of thousands of farmers in the region. There is need therefore to combat this menace as it effects gravitates nationwide, hence the formation of the state police, which is leveraged by local intelligence. This paper objective is to evaluate banditry and its threat on food security in northern Nigeria during the period August 2021 to July, 2022 on farmers in Kaduna, Zamfara, Bornu, Sokoto, Kebbi and Niger states . Secondary data was employed using descriptive statistics such as percentage, frequency and mean for summary of attacks, murder of farmers, kidnap of farmers and major flashpoints by region. The record shows that an average of 122 farmers was murdered in the period under study; with a mean of 87 farmers abducted per month. Northwest recorded the highest killings of 480 farmers (72%), with Kaduna state ranking first overall with 199 farmers (29%) deaths. Farmers’ means of livelihood were destroyed, and many were taxed and heavily levied. The study further revealed that these bandits use motorcycles, sophisticated guns and mining activities as logistical measures. The trend of banditry in the region has tremendously increased with negative impact on the farmers, and consequent increased prices of common food items.
Examining the Ill-Effect of Stigmatization on Disequilibrium of Life During Pandemic Along with the Mediating Role of Stress and Social Isolation
Dr. Soumya Mukherjee, Dr. Mrinal Kanti Das, Mr. Uttiya Kar, Dr. Dipak Saha
With the outbreak of the coronavirus, all facets of our lives have changed all of a sudden. The “infodemic” has triggered stigmatization further leading to disequilibrium in our life. We are entangled by fear, depression, anxiety, and uncertainty. The “witch-hunt hysteria” has led our life to flow in different dimensions. Uncertainty loomed large over the lives of the people who are stigmatized and thus dilemmas ruled over their life leading to imbalance. Considering this reality, our present study focused to measure the impact of stigmatization on the disequilibrium of life with a mediating effect of stress and social isolation. To reach a decisive conclusion we administered Smart PLS. The study evolved on the fact that Stigmatization has a direct influence on the disequilibrium of Life. Stress and Social Isolation play a pivotal role indirectly and have a mediating influence between Stigmatization and Disequilibrium of Life. Hence, this research work gives the means to understand the impact of stigmatization in our lives and how it can be managed not only to restore the balance of life but also to grow and excel to reach the helm of success.
Consumers Perception on Mobile Banking Services: One-Way ANOVA Analysis
Khujan Singh and Sachin Ranga
The current study is attempted to know the consumers’ perception towards mobile banking uses in Haryana based primary data. An adepted questionnaire has been used to collect the data from the 229 respondents of two district of Haryana. The data has been analyzed by applying the t-tests, one-way ANOVA and Welch tests. The study found that use of mobile banking services without any assistant and these services would be use in future even if the system is changed which has been suggested by male respondents. Middle age and student groups respondents believe they have enough skilled for use of mobile banking services. Mobile banking services access from anytime everywhere has been confirmed by lower age, urban and student’s groups.
Does Training Impel Academic Staff Retention in Institutions of Higher Learning? A Multivariate Approach
Urhibo Okiemute Belove; Professor. Imhonopi, David; Dr. George, Tayo; Omi-Jaja, Soibim
Predominantly in the literature are studies that established the role of training in improving the knowledge, abilities and skills of academic staff in institutions of higher learning in developed and developed nations. Amazingly, there is limited body of knowledge on whether training impels academic staff retention in institutions of higher learning in a developing nation like Nigeria. Drawing inferences from equity theory emphasizing workplace fairness, this study examined how training impels academic staff retention in two (2) institutions of higher learning: Covenant and Bells universities in Ogun State, Nigeria.Cross-sectional survey design was adopted and two hundred (200) questionnaires were administered on the academic staff of the two institutions of higher learning. Data obtained in the survey were analyzed via descriptive (frequency count, simple percentage, mean and standard deviation) and inferential (analysis of variance – ANOVA and multivariate-factor analysis). Foremost, the ANOVA result showed that academic staff perceived training and retention initiatives as significantly dissimilar in both institutions of higher learning.Most importantly, multivariate-factor analysis ranked on-the-job training, as the most influential training dynamics that impels academic staff retention in institutions of higher learning; this was accompanied by coaching, orientation and lastly, mentoring. It was suggested that institutions of higher learning should practically increase the rate at which academic staff are engaged on-the-job training, coaching and orientation. Additionally, as a starting point, academic-mentoring should be imbibed in the mission statement so as to enhance the retention rates of academic staff in institutions of higher learning.
Patterns of Sustainable Financial Incentives Utilization in Nigeria: A Study of Fashion Design Entrepreneurs
Urhibo Okiemute Belove; Professor. Imhonopi David; Dr. George, Tayo
Whilst the patterns of sustainable financial incentives utilization have been extensively discussed in the literature, there are limited empirical studies that had investigated whether the patterns of sustainable financial incentives utilization affect fashion-design entrepreneurs in Nigeria. Consequently, this study employed both quantitative and qualitative methods in evaluating the patterns of sustainable financial incentives utilization among selected fashion-design entrepreneurs in Warri, South-South of Nigeria. The study used questionnaire, which was administered to three hundred and forty-seven (347) fashion-design entrepreneurs, complemented by key-informant interview consisting of six (6) executives of the fashion designers and exhibitors association in Warri, South-South, Nigeria. In the context of the qualitative method, four (4) patterns of sustainable financial incentives utilization were identified (lack of sufficient collateral, difficulties/duration of loan application process, unacceptable business proposal/plan and the absence of audited financial accounts). The quantitative result indicated that financial incentives utilization has not been able to significantly enhance the sustainability of fashion-design entrepreneurs (F=2.09; Prob. F=0.0712>0.05%). On the other hand, the qualitative result revealed that the lack of sufficient collaterals, difficulties/duration of loan application process, unacceptable business proposals/plans and the absence of audited financial accounts, have exacerbated the patterns of sustainable financial incentives utilization among fashion-design entrepreneurs in Nigeria. Hence, government, non-governmental agencies and business angels are encouraged to offer more financial incentives to promote financial sustainability of fashion-design entrepreneurs. Additionally, there is the need for entrepreneurial-financing agencies to decrease the benchmarked-patterns of collaterals and cumbersomeness in loan application process in obtaining financial incentives by fashion-design entrepreneurs. Also, there is the urgent need for fashion-design entrepreneurs to participate in financial management training and the need to strengthen their financial management systems and records in order to create a better financial audit.
Renewable Energy Policy and Economic Growth in Nigeria
Eyitemi A. Fasanu, Obindah Gershon, Henry Okodua, Christiana O. Hassan, Oluwatoyin A Matthew & Joseph O Obaro
Abstract The study used annual time series data covering the period of 1981 to 2021 from the World Development Indicators (2021) to examine the impact of renewable energy policy on economic growth in Nigeria. The variables used for the study are (GDPGR) as the dependent variable, while the independent variables are energy consumption, CO2 emission per capita, access to electricity (percentage of population), gross fixed capital formation, and labour force employed. The study used ARDL and granger causality estimation technique. The study found out that renewable energy consumption has a positive and significant impact on economic growth in Nigeria. The study also found a unidirectional causality running from energy consumption(ENCO) to gross domestic product(GDPGR). Based on the findings of the study, renewable energy consumption positively affects economic growth in Nigeria. These results therefore emphasize the potential significance of renewable energy policies in promoting sustainable economic growth in Nigeria.
The Changing Nature of Service Design Designing Services in the Metaverse
Dr. Petra Jeffery
Recent research on service design has focused predominantly on ecosystem-based approaches from management and organizational viewpoints. Other popular approaches center on user experience, value creation and socioeconomic aspects. Less emphasis has been given for the needs for variation of design and delivery methodologies and processes in various types of contexts, including virtual ecosystems. Literature approaches digital ecosystems as homogeneous horizontal platforms where companies and users co-create value using defined design approaches and tools, and neglects ecosystem differences in terms of development and use domain, particularly immersion and virtualization. This paper analyzes the changes that virtual service design environments like metaverse expose to traditional service design practices. It presents a framework for service co-creation in metaverse from the perspectives of Context, Perception, Relationship, Resources and Process. The framework is validated in a real-life case study on public service design in metaverse. The paper contributes to digital service design research and makes managerial recommendations for virtual service design.
Nexus between Artificial Intelligence Applications and Digital Financial Inclusion in South west Nigeria
Wuraola Jegede , OcheiIkpefan & Alexander Oman khanlen
As a result of the universal call for increased financial inclusion, especially in developing nations, this study evaluated artificial intelligence's (AI) applications' impacts on digital financial inclusion. Existing studies have largely focused on the effects of AI on fraud detection, personalised banking, customer service in manufacturing, financial services, and tourism sectors, to the exclusion of comprehensive empirical data on how AI affects financial inclusion, especially in the context of rural areas of Southwest Nigeria. The quantitative method of survey was employed in determining how AI-enabled customer service impact financial inclusion and the impact of AI-enabled credit and savings on financial inclusion. Descriptive statistics, confirmatory factor analysis, and regression analysis were used to analyze the data. The study found that advancement in AI’s ability to answer customers’ routine inquiries and provide online guidance to customers' applications will result in a corresponding level of enhanced performance in the financial institutions' drive for financial inclusion.The study established that an improvement in AI’s capacity to effectively disseminate information on available options for savings accounts will significantly enhance financial inclusion in Nigeria. This study concludes that the adoption of AI applications especially in customer service and credit and savings can significantly enhance financial inclusion among the rural dwellers in Southwest Nigeria.
The Impact of Some Wastes, on Selected Physical Properties of Soil, Growth and Yield of Maize (Zea mays L), in Asaba
Onyibe Christopher Emeka, Ogbinaka Ewoma Jimmy Andrew, Igboji Paul Ola
Deformations of soil physical properties may decline most physical strength and is manifested by reduction of wet aggregate stability, rising in soil bulk density and clod density, decline in total porosity, an increase in modulus of rupture, decline in hydraulic conductivity and increasing root penetration resistance which hampers growths and yields of crops in any environment. Organic matter derivable from organic residues and wastes are important factor in soil reclamation using organic matter derivable from organic residues and wastes. This work was established to determined the impact of hotel food wastes, swine droppings and bat wastes on sensible elements (physical), growth and maize yield in 3 seasons. The research was experimented at the Teaching and Research establishment of Delta State University, Asaba. Materials and methods: Maize seeds were collected from the Ministry of Agriculture. Seeds were air dried before planting. Organic wastes materials such as hotel food wastes was sourced from various hotels while swine wastes and bat wastes were collected from Department of Animal Science, Delta State University, Asaba. Soil samples were collected at the depth of 0-30cm from disturbed and undisturbed sites. Results generally indicated that all parameters studied were substantially improved in plots amended with bat wastes (T3= BW) relative to other treatments. In this results, significant differences only existed among treatments in soil physical properties in cropping season 1and among agronomic parameters studied, significant differences only existed among treatments on maize germination while non significant differences was shown in other agronomic attributes. Highlights: After the end of 3 cropping seasons experiment, this results indicated that bat wastes gave maximum productivity of all parameters studied than control.
Social Context of Financial Incentives towards Sustainability of Fashion Design Entrepreneurs in Delta State, Nigeria
Okiemute B. Urhibo*; David Imhonopi & Tayo George, Mercy E. Adebayo, Amos Olore & Christian P. Washington
In developing nations, Nigeria inclusive, entrepreneurial activities have been extensively recognized as mechanisms of economic growth and development. In Nigeria for instance, entrepreneurial activities are confronted with innumerable challenges. Not with standing the challenges entrepreneurs face in Nigeria, fashion-design entrepreneurs yearn and strive to continue to exist in the face of stern competition, social upheaval and lack of financial incentives which are needed for sustainability. Drawing inferences from the financial-growth life cycle theory, this study investigated the significant importance of social context of financial incentives in achieving sustainable development of fashion-design entrepreneurs in Nigeria. Cross-sectional survey design was used and questionnaire was the major data collection instrument. Data were obtained from 316 fashion-design entrepreneurs in Delta State of Nigeria and analysis was done using descriptive and inferential (multiple regression) statistical tools. The descriptive result indicated that social factors affecting fashion-design entrepreneurs include but not limited to buying habit, educational level, lack of experience and awareness of alternative financing. The study identified four (4) contexts limiting financial incentives (awareness, availability, accessibility and utilization of financial incentives) for fashion-design entrepreneurs. The inferential result revealed that while financial incentives are available for to fashion-design entrepreneurs but there are limitations in the access of such funding due to educational background and effective utilisation of the funding where even when accessed. The study recommends that the government should encourage small and medium development agency and other NGOs to provide entrepreneurial training programs to fashion-design entrepreneurs in areas of financial management skills so as to enable them overcome the hurdle of accessibility and efficient utilization of financial incentives which matter to the fashion-design entrepreneurs’ sustainability.
Anticorruption Thematic in the Fourth Nigerian Republic and Public Finance Management
Eze, Charles Uzodinma*, Ugwuanyi, Boniface Uche** & Nnado, Celestine Ifeanyi***
After twenty-three (23) years of the fourth Nigerian republic corruption is still deep-rooted in the public sector and always overwhelmed successive administrations' anticorruption strategies leaving them helpless, perplexed and frustrated. The effect of the anticorruption strategies of the fourth Nigerian republic administrations on public finance management was examined using a survey method. The specific objectives of the study were to investigate the effect of anticorruption strategies of the fourth Nigerian republic on aggregate fiscal discipline, allocative efficiency and operational efficiency in public finance management. A structured questionnaire was used to elicit information from the respondents. A total of 492 valid responses were obtained from both physical and electronic means. Descriptive statistics and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were employed for data analysis using SPSS 22. The results show that Nigeria is still below average performance in the fight against corruption in all the indices of public finance management examined. It also reveals a significant positive effect on allocative efficiency but a negative effect on aggregate fiscal discipline and operational efficiency. The implication is that these anticorruption strategies have not yielded satisfactory results. Based on these findings the study recommends intensifying the effort and commitment of the leadership and civil society organization among others.
Exploring the Interrelatedness between Product Development and Performance of SMEs in Southwest Nigeria
Oladotun Abimbola Oluwaseun, Kehinde Joseph Oladele, Falola Hezekiah Olubusayo, Salau Odunayo Paul, Dada Augustina Esitse, Akinola Oluseyi Akintunde & Tongo Nancy Izegbuwa
The firm's conscious effort in developing products and service quality will go beyond building quality customer service and also help enhance customer loyalty in this highly competitive business environment. This study examined the relationships between product development and the performance of SMEs (profitability, service quality, customer satisfaction, and market share). The study adopted a simple random sampling methods and three hundred and eighty-four copies (384) of the questionnaire were distributed among the manufacturing SME owners and managers in Southwest Nigeria, of which three sixty-one (361) were retrieved and analysed. Structural Equation Modelling (SMART PLS) was used for the analyses. The results indicate that product development has significant effects on customer satisfaction, market share, profitability and service quality. The Path coefficient of 0.800 implies a substantial degree of relationship between product development and customer satisfaction. The R2 value of 0.640 indicates that a 64.0% variance in customer satisfaction can be explained by product development. The Path coefficient of 0.806 suggests a strong relationship between product development and market share. The R2 value of 0.650 suggests that a 65.0% variance in market share can be explained by product development. The Path coefficient of 0.856 implies a substantial degree of relationship between product development and profitability. The R2 value of 0.732 indicates that a 73.2% variance in profitability can be explained by product development. The Path coefficient of 0.886 implies a considerable degree of relationship between product development and service quality. The R2 value of 0.784 indicates that a 78.4% variance in service quality can be explained by product development. It was discovered that service quality has the most predictive value, followed by profitability, market share and customer satisfaction in that order. Therefore, owners of SMEs should pay attention to adopting innovative equipment, technical specifications for developing new products and increased capability to adjust to rapid changes in business competitive environment. Efforts should be made by the owners to regularly update their due process policies on product development to reflect the best practices around the world. Also, should be committed to innovation, promote creativity among the employees, invest in research and development and create enabling environment that will encourage intrapreneurship.
Understanding the Customer Relations Services of Enugu Electricity Distribution and Port Harcourt Electricity Distribution Companies in the Post-Privatization Era in Nigeria
Obiora C. Igwebuike, Joseph Wogu , Mercy Ifeyinwa Obichili
The study sought to ascertain the Customer Relations Services of EEDC and PHEDC in the post-privatisation era in Nigeria. The survey research design was adopted to examine the relationship between the way customers of EEDC and PHEDC perceive their services. The 15,085,000 population of study consists of all customers of EEDC and PHEDC. A sample of 385 was drawn using an Australian online sample size calculator. The questionnaire and in-depth interview guide were used to simultaneously generate the quantitative and qualitative data. These were presented and analysed using charts. Findings show that EEDC/PHEDC adopt customer relations strategies in their services, but the strategies are ineffective. The study also showed that majority of the respondents find the Customers Relations unit of EEDC and PHEDC unfriendly and uncourteous in dealing with customers. Based on these findings, the researcher recommends among others, that the Customer Relations unit of electricity distribution companies should try to conduct an inquiry to know the various needs of their customers so as to enable them design an implementable customer relations strategy.
Newspaper Coverage of Voter Safety during the 2019 General Election in Nigeria
Nkwocha Onyekachi Godwin & Nnanyelugo Okoro
This study investigated newspaper coverage of voter safety during the 2019 general election in Nigeria. A total of four newspapers were studied. They are Punch, The Guardian, Leadership and Daily Trust. The duration of this study was November 2018 to April 2019. The study was guided by five objectives, five research questions and four hypotheses. Content analysis was used for the study with the code sheet as the instrument for data collection. Simple percentages were used to answer the research questions while the chi-square test of independence was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The newspapers examined gave less frequency to the issue of voter safety during the 2019 general election. This is because only 21% of the issues had stories on voter safety. It was also found that most of the key actors mentioned in newspaper stories related to voter safety were politicians or government officials. The prominence of coverage was also found to be poor with only 29% of the stories found on the front page. Volume of coverage was also found to be poor as 52.2% of the stories were on half page while only 19% were on full page. In view of the findings, the researcher recommends that newspapers should improve in their coverage of voter safety during elections.
Capital Market, Non Oil Sector and Economic Growth in Nigeria
Oluwasogo Adediran, Ph.D Babatunde Adekunle, Ph. D Adekunle Ademayowa Adebayo, Ph.D
This study examines the relationship among capital market, non-oil sector and economic growth in Nigeria using the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) as a base line in analysing the effect of fluctuations in oil price on stock market prices. The study further employed the use of OLS regression and ECM to examine the long and short run effect of the variables. The study found out that stock price and stock market liquidity ratio impact the non-oil sector in the short run, while market capitalization, interest rate and exchange rate have significant and positive impact on the non-oil sector in the long run in Nigeria in the years of review. The result of the analysis also shows the presence of a long run relationship among the variables that are used in the model. Therefore, this study is significant because it juxtaposes the fact that the relationship between capital market and non-oil sector could positively influence output of the economy. Moreover, it will be useful to policymakers in their attempt to arrive at dynamic and reliable monetary policies to promote the non-oil sector of the economy.
The impacts of Total Man Concept embedded programme on Undergraduates Belief System, Metacognition and Achievement: A case of Anchor University Lagos, Nigeria
Fatokun K. V. F., Fatokun, J.O., Tanimowo, R. I., Umuokoro, O., Adetunji, E. T. & Ayeni, C. O
This study examined the impact of Total man embedded programme on undergraduates’ belief system, metacognition and achievement. In others to address the objectives of the study, six research questions were raised and three hypotheses tested. The survey research design was used for the study and a total of 260 undergraduates were sampled purposively. To elicit information from the respondents, a questionnaire made up of five sections: demography, impact of TMC, Belief system, Moral Values and Metacognitive awareness was used. Data gathered in the study were analyzed using text analytic, descriptive statistics and Pearson product Moment Correlation. The findings of the study revealed that TMC had a positive impact on Undergraduates belief system especially as it relates to their biblical worldview (r2 = 0.048) and their metacognitive awareness (especially for the 400 level students). TMC courses offered had a significant impact on students’ academic achievement (r = 0.305, ρ = 0.00) and their moral values. TMC course offered had its highest on impact the students’ desire to know God as described by 36 concepts extracted. It also impacted students’ understanding of the bible. Based on the findings of the study, it was concluded that TMC courses offered in Anchor University has impacted greatly on studentsBelief System, Metacognition and Achievement.
Assessment of crime rate during Covid 19 lockdown in Suleja Lga, Niger state
Ocholi Isaac Utenwojo, Abuh Paul Ojochenemi, Ademu Samuel Aminu Musa
The COVID-19 pandemic had a substantial impact on the historical criminal trend around the world. Most existing studies have mainly studied the impacts of the COVID-19 lockdown on crimes at a whole-city scale, and analysis of its impact on crimes at a relatively micro scale is rare. This study focuses on assessment of crime rate during covid-19 lockdown in Suleja LGA, Niger State. The study employed the use of secondary and primary data with the integration of Geostatistical techniques.The study reveals that Chaza, Madalla, Ibo and Suleja have clustering hotspot with a Z-score of 1.613987 and P-value 0.10653. Furthermore, findings of the study indicates that crime incidence during the COVID 19 lockdown is high in localities like Chaza, Polosa and Berger paint with kidnapping accounting for 75% (15%) of crime incidence. The research, therefore recommends that crime data should be recorded in detail alongside their geographical coordinates by security organisation in other to map their occurrences and plan adequate prevention strategies.
Newspaper Framing and Public Perception of Environmental Challenges in Southeast, Nigeria
Asogwa, Fidelis Ogbonnaya, Ezeorah Ifeanyichukwu Gabriel & Professor. Ukonu Micheal Onyekachi
Extreme weather conditions have been the order of the day for several decades around the world, caused by manmade and natural factors. Mass media, especially newspapers, have been credited as being well placed to tackle societal problems like environmental challenges through the framing of the important issues for the general public. The present study examines newspaper framing and attitude to environmental challenges in Nigeria. The survey part of the study covered the five states in Southeast Nigeria, namely, Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Enugu, and Imo. Four national dailies (the Daily Sun, The Guardian, The Nation, and Vanguard) were content analysed for a period of two years (2020 and 2021). Results showed that the environmental challenges most reported by the Nigerian newspapers were climate change, and desertification. The frames used by the newspapers in reporting environmental challenges, in their order of magnitude are mitigation, government efforts, and public reaction. There is a strong relationship between attitude to environmental challenges and the framing used by the newspapers. There is a moderate but significant (p < 0.05) correlation between respondents’ knowledge level and newspaper framing of environmental challenges. The implications of the findings have been discussed in the study.
Community Participation in Sustainable Ecotourism Planning: A Study of Tourism Centric Settlements of Khumbu Region, Nepal
Kishan Datta Bhatta, & Buddhi Raj Joshi
Community participation is considered as an integral element of ecotourism planning and development. It is vital to promote the goals of conservation and sustainable community development in the settlements around protected areas. Empowerment of local community is therefore a key concern of ecotourism planning specifically to contribute towards sustainable development. In this regard, this study considers a case of settlements from Khumbu region of Nepal to explore the context and role of community participation in ecotourism planning and its contribution toward sustainability. It has adopted multiple tools of data collection such as household’s survey, key informants interview, participant observation, informal discussion with local residents and archival research for examining the context of community participation in the Khumbu region. Survey results revealed that current approach of ecotourism planning does not satisfy the core objectives of ecotourism development, i.e. inclusive community participation in the planning process. Community participation in the Khumbu settlements seems more like a tokenistic approach rather than inclusive and community controlled approach. It is suggested to empower and enhance the capacity of local residents to actively participate in the plan and policy making process and integrate them into tourism entrepreneurial activities so as to receive benefits of ecotourism equitably.
Determinants Influencing Employees Creativity: A Qualitative Study in the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research
Yohannes Mekonnen Yesuf & Demis Alamirew Getahun (PhD), Asemamaw Tilahun Debas (PhD)
The dynamic componential model of creativity and innovation in organizations is well researched in creativity research. This thesis proposed an integrative model based on the dynamic componential model; people's relations to their work and family-work enrichment theory were incorporated. The proposed integrative model was examined by collecting data from the EIAR in Ethiopia. Thus, this paper explores how various determinants influence employees’ creativity in the workplace. We conducted an explorative qualitative study using a deductive research design. The qualitative study design's sample comprised nine key decision-makers, who were interviewed about creativity, innovation, and factors influencing employees' creativity in the EIAR. The findings supported the applicability of the dynamic componential model of creativity and innovation in organizations and provided evidence that individual factors and work context factors enable employee creativity. Further, this paper provides exploratory insights into a so far neglected source of work orientations and family-work resource spillover influences on employees’ creativity.
A Suggestion to Reconfigure Traffic Flow from Two Way to One Way in the Main Market Area of Vidisha City, Aiming to Alleviate Congestion and Promote Sustainability
Deepansh Rajak & Dr. J. S. Chauhan , Dr. Pramod Sharma
Issues: Vidisha, a city in Madhya Pradesh, is currently facing severe traffic congestion due to rapid and intense growth in transportation demand and supply, leading to adverse environmental impacts. To evaluate the gravity of the existing traffic system overwhelmed by congestion in Vidisha. Methods: This study involved conducting traffic volume count surveys on different roads in the area and calculating traffic flow capacity. Additionally, significant secondary data was collected. Findings: About 15,760 vehicles were registered with the RTO in 2015, and that figure rose to 25,949 in 2019.With only 17,435 registered motor vehicles in 2016 and 25,949 in 2019, an increase of 8,514 automobiles was made in just three years, a massive growth in the number of vehicles in Vidisha. Due to Coronavirus period 2020-2021 the growth decreased due to lockdown which after Covid again vehicle registration increasedby 9.58% in 2022 Conclusions: This dissertation focuses on the study and analysis of transforming the current two-way streets into one-way streets as a means to alleviate traffic congestion in the Main Market Area of Vidisha city.
Experimental Investigation of Fracture Toughness on Carbon/ S glass Fiber Reinforced Thermoset Composites by Compact Tension Test Method
Sandeep B , Dr. H. N. Divakar , Dr. K.S Keerthiprasad , Dr. Savitha M, Bhavya V
The characterization of the fracture toughness of fiber-reinforced hybrid polymer composites is essential to understand their mechanical properties and to predict their fracture. It is used to evaluate a material's ability to resist crack growth and propagation under applied stress. It helps to understand the behavior of polymers and the influence of hybridization on crack energy, crack propagation and failure mechanisms. These studies will provide valuable insight into the crack propagation properties of fiber reinforced hybrid polymer composites and the damaging factors that can affect them. This is a great opportunity to further research and contribute to this field of study. This test was developed to study crack propagation and its factors in composites by performing fracture toughness experiment on composite samples by performing a compact tensile test on carbon and glass fiber reinforced epoxy polymer composites with fibers arranged longitudinally, transversely and under inclined conditions. The critical fiber and matrix energy release rates for tensile cracking were determined on pre-cracked specimens under plate loading conditions. After longitudinal stretching, damage progressed progressively in the form of translaminar fiber breakage in filament-containing materials. During the transverse stretching process, fiber-matrix separation caused deformation of the materials within the layers, and irregular fiber breakage was observed during the angular stretching process. The highest critical fracture energy release rate was found in the hybrid polymer matrix composite, with the maximum value in the longitudinal tensile state.
Effect of Entrepreneurial Orientation on Growth of Private Secondary Schools in North Central Nigeria
Dr. Ngele Anthonia Nnebuife & Dr. Muhammad Maimuna Yakubu
This study drew out quite a few discrepancies as proprietors are confronted with the practicality challenges: of inculcating the EO components into their day to day activities and the overreliance of knowledge solely from teachers and class room materials has diminished the critical reasoning ability of private secondary school students in North-Central Nigeria. The Cochran sample size determination approach was adopted to attain the sample size of 385 surveyees; Bowely’s allocation technique was used to allot appropriate sample size to each state in North-Central Nigeria and probability sampling with reference to stratified sampling was employed. The findings of the study revealed that with probability value of 0.001 which is less than 0.05 level of significance, the EO components i.e. Risk-taking, Innovativeness and Pro-activeness utilised in the study, possessed a statistically significant and positive effect on growth of private secondary schools in North-Central Nigeria.
Assessment of public awareness and perception of media campaigns on the implications of child marriage in Northwest Nigeria
Muhammad Hassan Abdullahi & Luke Ifeanyi Anorue
Child marriage is a global human development problem, as it remains common in many parts of the developing world, particularly in Nigeria. Its causes are multiple and overlap, and its implications are lifelong for the victim's life and health. This study was an assessment of public awareness and perception of media campaigns on the implications of child marriage in Northwest Nigeria. The study adopted a survey research design with a questionnaire as the instrument for data collection. The population of the study comprises male and female residents from Kano, Kaduna, and Jigawa states, totaling 30,052,107. A sample size of 600 was arrived at using the Cochran formula (1977). The study was anchored on planned behaviour and social cognitive theories as the theoretical framework. Findings from the study revealed that a good number of the respondents have fair knowledge of the media campaign messages on the negative implications of child marriages. Findings also identified the following as the risks associated with child marriage: infant and maternal mortality, complications during pregnancy and delivery, and vulnerability to sexually transmitted diseases (STDS), among others. It was concluded that there are likely religion-traditional and economic reasons behind child marriages in the Northwest region of Nigeria. Consequently, it was recommended, among others, the need to package media messages on the implications of child marriages in local languages that the people understand. Also, there should be a concerted effort to make media campaign messages on the implications of child marriage more regular to enhance awareness and knowledge among the respondents to the messages. Furthermore, it was recommended that traditional rulers and heads of religious bodies lend their voices against the practise of child marriage in Nigeria.
Effects of Content Marketing Strategy on Customer Based Brand Equity of Hotels in South South Nigeria
Stanley Akpevwe Onobrakpeya & Geraldine Egondu Ugwuonah
The study examined the effect of content marketing strategy on customer-based brand equity of hotels in South-South Nigeria. Deductive research method and a cross-sectional survey research design were used for the study. The Cochran formula was used to determine the sample size of 384 respondents for the study. The study used frequency analyses, Pearson correlation coefficient analysis, and multiple linear regression analysis. Findings showed that content marketing strategy is a significant predictor of customer-based brand equity, explaining 64% of the variability in customer-based brand equity of hotels in South-South Nigeria. The study concluded that the dimensions of content marketing strategy have significant positive effect on customer-based brand equity except for brand transparency. The study recommended amongst others that hotels should be open to sharing information about their operations, such as staffing levels, amenities, and safety protocols. This will help build trust with customers and show that they are committed to their safety and well-being. The study's findings could have significant implications for the hotel industry, as they could provide insights into how hotels can use content marketing strategy to differentiate themselves from competitors and build brand awareness. The study established an improved model of content marketing strategy in the hotel industry.
Understanding Highway Failure and Recommending its Maintenance: A case study of Delhi Kolkata highway
Kunal Chandra & Bhalchandra Khode
For the development of a country, transportation infrastructure plays a very important role. The purpose of this paper is to examine the pavement failure types and to select the best maintenance to overcome it for Delhi – Kolkata highway earlier known as (old NH-2). There are many kind of failures that a pavement go through such as, potholes. raveling, rutting, shear failure etc. The main reasons for failure in flexible pavement are heavy loads, poor drainage facilities and heavy rainfall. Due to pavement failures people faces many problems in their day to day life. Pavement failures not only create problems to people but it also increases cost of maintenance. The present studies identifies that the classifications of faults in flexible pavements with their source along with the way to correct it with associated maintenance procedure.
Minimizing Traffic Congestion Problems by Using IoT Technologies
Kunal Chandra & Bhalchandra Khode
Rapid urbanization is a challenge for organizations that manage the city’s infrastructure and are responsible for comfort and safety. As the number of cars is increasing, traffic is becoming more intense, which results in traffic congestion and traffic accidents. Internet of things (IoT) is the system that is used to control the road traffic by using sensors or any cloud based algorithm. In this paper we will proposed various IoT technologies which can be used in day to day life to avoid traffic congestion problems. A review of the literature on this issue leads to some interesting conclusions.
A Political Career of Qannazmac Semeneh Desta
Ayenew Mamo Seyoum (PhD)
This paper converses the political career of Qäññazma? Seménäh Dästa, who played a crucial role and active involvement in the politics of Gojjam province, more specifically in Agäw- Meder, Mätäkäl, Baher Dar and even ?elega Awraja of Gondar, since the mid of Ethiopian patriotic resistance movement against fascist rule to the period even after the final collapse of Haile Silassie`s old government and the coming to power of the Därg military administration. Qäññazma? Seménäh Dästa claimed descent from a prominent noble lineage of Agäw-Meder and as a young man he become known for his regular engagement in the patriotic resistance campaigns of Agäw-Meder against the Fascist Italian occupation of Ethiopia since 1935 to 1941. Qäññazma? Seménäh Dästa had became a political leader served circularly in different districts of Agäw-Meder and Mätäkäl Awrajas with different hierarchical positions since 1945-1974 for about 29 years. . In the course of the study, I have depended mainly on primary and secondary sources, as well as oral informants, and archival materials. For archives, I have used DebreMarkos University Archive Center, Addis Ababa National Archives and Library Agency, Institute of Ethiopian Studies of Addis Ababa University and Awi Zone Culture and Tourism Office. The interview was effectively addressed by qualitative approach through purposive sampling method. The age and the ability to remember the past events and the level of participation in the local affairs were given emphasis for the selection of informants. The data which I collected from oral sources were crosschecked with archival and secondary sources before interpretation.
Athletes Long Term Development, Supportive Environment and Challenging of Oromia Regional State Athletes
Tekalign Fikadu, Amanu Eba, Ayyantu Jembere and Samson Wondirad
Ethiopia is known for producing some of the world's best long-distance runners, with a rich history of success in athletics. However, there are several challenges that athletes may face during their long-term development, which can affect their performance and overall success. One of the key factors contributing to this success is the supportive environment that exists for athletes in Ethiopia. This study was conducted in selected Oromia Regional State zone and Oromia Special Zone surrounding Fin finne such as LagaTafoLaga Dadhi town, Sebeta town, Burayu town and Gelan Town. In this study concurrent mixed research design, qualitative and quantitative data were collected, at the same time or in parallel and/or use Concurrent triangulation. The primary sources of data were obtained from sport office experts from Zonal and city Sport Commission employees, coaches, players and athletes. The quantitative data gathered using questionnaires were analyzed using STATA version 14, and frequency and percentage was used. The study concluded that Oromia regional state have long term athletes' development plan and have supportive environment, however there are a lot of challenges that affect athletes long term development plan.
Customer Satisfaction towards Technology-Enabled Banking A Comparative Study of Selected PSB and PVB Banks in Coimbatore City
Dr. K. Shobha
India has a huge potential for digital payments with about 25.5 billion real-time payment transactions, India ranked first in the world in terms of the number of transactions. Based on this scenario it’s essential to analyze the customer satisfaction towards technology based banking. For that systematic and convenience sampling were adopted to select the respondents from both private and public sector banks. The study found that the respondents of public sector banks were more satisfied than the private sector banks in relation to ATM services, core banking services and overall satisfaction level. Private sector bank customers were satisfied with the telebanking services and internet banking services. Overall, the public sector bank customers were more satisfied when compared to private bank customers.
Financial Inclusion: Strategies for Rural Prosperity: Leads to Sustainable Business
Abhijeet Kumar * Avinash Kumar* Swati Kumari , Neha Kumari , Sneha Kumari , Puja Mishra, Ajit Kumar Behura
To help the uninsured and the needy in rural areas, you need to provide them with access to low-cost financial services. The Indian government's financial inclusion policy simplifies the process of conventional, institutionalized lending to promote savings. People with low incomes have the less financial cushion to absorb shocks in the economy. Indirectly, formal banking services aid the financially vulnerable by allowing them to save money. If sufficient and explicit funding is made accessible, mass entrepreneurialism can increase productivity and prosperity. That continues indefinitely. Assuming you've accomplished your core objectives, ensure they remain unchanged. Instead of being an objective or a plan of action, sustainable development and financial inclusion are just goals. It hopes to help India and its poor citizens join the modern world. Giving them access to low-cost, dependable, and readily available means of creating and improving their means of subsistence is one way to lift people out of poverty and foster a sense of agency and independence. The success of financial inclusion depends on people being able to open bank accounts and on financial institutions providing high-quality services and the necessary infrastructure.
Behaviour of Raft Foundations in the Alluvial Region of India
Devesh Ojha & Rajendra Kumar Srivastava
A comprehensive study was conducted to investigate the behaviour of raft foundations in the alluvial region of India, considering key factors such as raft foundation design, soil characteristics, and load distribution. Raft foundations are commonly employed to distribute the load of a structure over a larger area, thereby minimizing the risk of settlement and ensuring structural stability. The study employed the use of Pasternak foundation models, which consider the interaction between the soil layers and the raft. This model considers the stiffness and damping characteristics of the soil, providing a more accurate representation of the behaviour of raft foundations. To analyse the raft foundation's response in alluvial soil, the study utilized the thick plate theory. This theory assumes the raft to be infinitely rigid, enabling a more realistic portrayal of the foundation's behaviour under varying loading conditions. The findings of the study indicated that raft foundations in alluvial soil experienced significant settlements due to the soil's low bearing capacity and compressibility. The Pasternak foundation models proved valuable in understanding stress distribution and settlement behaviour in such soil conditions. The study's outcomes offer insights that can enhance the design and construction of more efficient and reliable raft foundations in the alluvial regions of India. By incorporating the knowledge gained from this research, engineers and architects can optimize the stability and performance of structures in these areas. Moreover, the study highlights the importance of considering site-specific soil characteristics, such as alluvial soil properties, when designing raft foundations. By accounting for the unique behaviour of alluvial soil, engineers can mitigate potential issues and ensure the long-term durability of structures in this region.
Retrospective Evaluation of the Senior High School Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Strand
Denver M. Cho-oy
The study employs a descriptive cross-sectional research design in determining the retrospective evaluation of Senior High School – Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (SHS-STEM) graduates of the K to 12 Curriculum Courses in terms of perceived adequacy and relevance. A total of 280 STEM graduates of the University of the Cordilleras participated in the study. The study showed that the majority of STEM graduates pursued college degrees that are aligned with STEM.The study also revealed that the university is making a significant contribution to its graduates by providing very adequate faculty competence, library services, and laboratory facilities for the graduates to utilize in their higher education studies. It revealed further that UC SHS STEM graduates consider the core subjects and applied relevant and very relevant. It is interesting to note that they see all specialized subjects as very relevant to their college degrees.There are significant differences in the relevance of the SHS STEM subjects when the respondents are grouped according to the degree they took. For core subjects, the difference is in 21st Century Literature, Contemporary Philippine Arts, General Mathematics, Statistics and Probability, and UCSP. For specialized subjects, the difference is seen in all subjects. For applied subjects, the difference is in Practical Research 1, Practical Research 2, Empowerment Technology, and Entrepreneurship. Teachers need to revisit the delivery of applied subjects in terms of their contextualization of the strand. For specialized subject teachers, they may need to explore the transfer of learning of their subject.For future researchers, other strands in the senior high school and other exits of the SHS may be considered. Also, factors in choosing college degrees may be explored further.
Effects of Strategic Marketing Ambidexterity on Sustainable Competitive Advantage: A Survey of Small and Medium Size Denterprises in Delta State, Nigeria
Stanley Akpevwe Onobrakpeya, Onyenanu Conleth Okechukwu & Mobuogwu Anthony Onyeabor
The study examined the effects of strategic marketing ambidexterity on sustainable competitive advantage of small and medium-sized enterprises in Delta State, Nigeria. A cross-sectional survey research design and a purposive sampling technique were used in the study. Data were collected from 212 managers and employees of small and medium-sized enterprises using a structured questionnaire. The reliability of the research instrument was assessed through the utilisation of internal consistency reliability method. Descriptive statistics, correlation, and multiple regression analysis were used as methods of data analysis. Findings showed that the dimensions of strategic marketing ambidexterity such as marketing exploration, marketing exploitation, and absorptive capacity have significant positive effect on sustainable competitive advantage. It was concluded that strategic marketing ambidexterity has a significant positive effect on sustainable competitive advantage. It was recommended amongst others that SMEs should strive to balance both exploratory and exploitative marketing activities. Allocate resources and efforts to both marketing exploration and marketing exploitation. This involves actively seeking new market opportunities while also optimizing and leveraging existing marketing strategies.
Understanding Speech Anxiety among Grade 11 Learners: Exploring Manifestations and Levels of Oral Communication
Aiza Bheal M. Kitani
This research study aimed to examine the impact of speech anxiety on grade 11 learners at Baguio Central University. Specifically, the study investigated the level of oral communication among these learners and the extent to which speech anxiety manifested. The findings revealed that grade 11 learners occasionally exhibited symptoms of speech anxiety, suggesting the presence of anxiety-related challenges in public speaking situations. Furthermore, the level of oral communication among the participants fell within the intermediate range, indicating room for improvement. These results shed light on the prevalence of speech anxiety and highlight the need for interventions to support grade 11 learners in enhancing their oral communication skills and managing their anxiety effectively. Moreover, it was concluded that oral communication plays a crucial role in enabling learners to express themselves effectively in various academic and professional settings. By developing strong oral communication skills, learners can enhance their confidence, articulate their ideas with clarity, and prepare themselves for future employment opportunities. These conclusions emphasize the importance of addressing speech anxieties and promoting oral communication skills as vital components of educational curricula, aiming to empower learners to overcome their anxieties and thrive in their academic and professional endeavors.
Prevalence and pattern of inguinal hernia among adult patients attending a tertiary care teaching hospital
Kausalya S, & Padma S
Problem: Universally, the inguinal hernias was documented for 75% of the overall abdominal hernias with a life time risk of 15 to 27% in males and 3% in the females. To identify the pattern and prevalence of inguinal hernia among adults at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Materials and Methodology: This investigation is carried out in the department of General Surgery in a tertiary care hospital of Central Tamilnadu. A proforma was prepared to collect a detailed history from the patients in order to identify the prevalence and pattern of inguinal hernia. Ninety three cases were included and studied. The results were recorded and evaluated. Findings: On analysis it was found that males are predominantly affected with inguinal hernia. Unilateral hernia was more prevalent. Commonly, inguinal hernia of right sided were more. Indirect Hernia was more predominant. The major risk factors were found to be moderate weight lifting over a long duration, thus it is considered as one of the major occupational diseases. The other contributing factors were found to be chronic cough, bronchial asthma, diabetes and smoking. Conclusion: Early recognition and intervention prevents complications, recognition of precipitating/ disposing factors helps to educate the patient towards prevention of recurrence, prevention of septic complications and prevention of early and late complications post-surgery.
Apprenticeship System and Performance of Family Owned Businesses in South East, Nigeria
Ignatius Chukwuemeka Ekenechukwu, Vincent A. Onodugo, Anthony Obiora Ude & Chika Martha Okafor
This study focused on apprenticeship system and performance of Family-Owned Businesses in South – East, Nigeria. The study investigated the effect of cheap labour offered by apprenticeship on effective product pricing, the effect of distribution network created during apprenticeship on the market share, and the effect of graduate apprentice on market expansion of FOBs in South-East, Nigeria. The research adopted the descriptive survey design. The study was carried out in Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Enugu and Imo States. The study was carried out on the Family-Owned Businesses (FOBs). The response rate was 91.8% of the estimated sample size of 572. The study used multi-stage sampling technique for the sample selection. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Hypotheses were tested using binomial logistic regression. Findings indicated that cheap labour offered by apprenticeship significantly and positively affect effective product pricing, distribution network created during apprenticeship has a significant positive on the market share and that graduate apprentice significantly and positively affected the market expansion. The study concluded that FOBs can benefit from these programs by accessing affordable labor, expanding their distribution capabilities, and leveraging the skills and knowledge of graduates. The study recommended among others that FOBs should collaborate with educational institutions, vocational training centers, and government agencies to design comprehensive and well-structured apprenticeship programs, and that these initiatives should concentrate on improving technical skills, fostering business acumen, and deepening product knowledge.
Insurance Policies and Business Sustainability of Manufacturing Firms in Nigeria
Offor Francis Onyedikachi, Charity A. Ezenwakwelu, Akpan Ekom Etim
This study examined the relationship between insurance policies and business sustainability of manufacturing firms in Nigeria. The study employed a survey research design and data collected via the administration of a structured questionnaire to managers and employees of 30 manufacturing firms in South-East, Nigeria. Correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were used to test the study hypotheses. Findings revealed that insurance policies have significant and positive effects on the business sustainability of manufacturing firms. This implies that manufacturing firms with a proactive approach to evaluating and handling risks through the adoption of extensive insurance coverage are in a better position to endure unforeseen occurrences and fluctuations in the market and be sustainable. Hence, the study concluded that insurance policies play a crucial role in promoting the sustainability of manufacturing firms. Therefore, it was recommended that manufacturing firms should consider insurance policies as a strategic tool for managing risk and uncertainty.
Safety Awareness Evaluation of the Behaviour of Niger Delta Drivers
Arisabor Lucky and Atubi A.O
Drivers’ behaviour is more complex when they are using the road. There are no universal guidelines for such behaviour. This research studied the safety awareness evaluation and behaviour of drivers within Niger Delta. For data collection, a cross-sectional research design was adopted. The data were collected through the use of historical/archival data of road traffic crashes from FRSC and the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), and the use of a Driver Behaviour Questionnaire (DBQ) survey to investigate drivers’ Behavioural attitude (BA), Subjective Norms (SN), the perceived Behavioural Control (PBC) in the Niger Delta. The simple random sampling technique was adopted and the selection was based on the long existence of park and registered drivers. The data include extracted accident records containing fatal, serious and minor cases yearly from 1996-2021. The reason for the choice of years includes reliability, consistency, continuity of records and a long range of data. The data generated were analysed using multiple regression and ANOVA. The result obtained revealed that there is a decline in road traffic accidents and fatality index over the last 26 years in the Niger Delta from 24.08% road traffic accidents and 11.58 to 9.94% and 2.23 respectively. The study further revealed that there is a significant difference in drivers’ behaviour within the Niger Delta. At P<0.05, there is a statistically significant difference in the driver behaviour of over speeding in the Niger Delta. The drivers in Abia, AkwaIbom and Rivers States’ over speeding behaviour differs from the way drivers over speed in other states of the Niger Delta. Similarly, there is a significant variation in road traffic accidents within the Niger Delta. The study recommends that supports in control of road safety should have strict regulations and enforcement which would help reduce traf?c offences.
Effects of microfinance banks services on small and medium sized businesses in developing economies on poverty alleviation: the case of Nigerian
1Olofinlade Samuel Oluwapelumi, 2Ogunwole Cecelia Oluwakemi Aina and 3Ishola Aransiola James, 4Adedoyin Isaac Salami
The study investigates the effect of Microfinance Banks Services on Small and Medium Scale businesses towards poverty alleviation in developing economies. The study focused on the nexus at which microfinance institutions, small and medium scale businesses helped in alleviation of poverty. Primary data was elicited through a well structured questionnaire drawn to elicit information. The study applied total enumeration sampling technique to select 400 respondents from 23 states in Nigeria that made up the research's sample size. The selected sample was submitted to percentage analysis and descriptive analyses of percentages and frequencies. that made up the research's representative sample. Based on the analysis of the study, the results establish significantly that agricultural productivity and forestry is a medium for poverty alleviation in rural and semi- urban areas with the participants in five researched question agreeing to the facts with highest respondents of an average of 319.4 participants (85.2) percent out of 375 actual sample sizes. Furthermore, microfinance banks on different services rendered such as granting loans without stringent collaterals to small and medium scale enterprises enhances their patronages and availability of funds for itinerants investors and diversification of the economy. This was attested to by the respondents agreeing at 363.25 participants (96.9) percent. The result on government policy on poverty alleviation also connotes that the type of policy put in place determines the actualisation of poverty reduction, as it tends to increase job creation, good economic planning and commitment to continuity in government with 360.75 (96.2) percent. Lastly, the study provides exact proof that support the contribution of small and medium scale enterprises towards poverty alleviation through job creation for the masses, employment of the unskilled labour with the respondents agreed to the four research question in the questionnaire at 331.25(88.3) percent. The study reasoned that government and its agents should commit vigorously to agricultural research. Government and notable citizen should support microfinance banks in its services to grant credit to agriculture and other sectors so as to create more jobs, boost their productivity and alleviate poverty.
Empirical Analysis of Board Ownership Spread and Financial Performance of Listed Firms in Nigeria
Kingsley Nze Ashibogwu, PhD
This study investigated the relationship between board ownership spread and corporate performance. It is specific objective was to investigate the relationship between board ownership spread and return on Equity of listed hospitality firms in Nigeria. The study adopted the triangulation approach while adopting the causal and ex-post facto research design. Data was gathered from secondary sources. Data were sourced from annual reports of the companies available at the Nigerian stock Exchange (websites). The population of the study consist of hospitality firms in Nigeria Exchange Group as at December 2020, they are nine (9) in number. The population for this study is listed hospitality firms in Nigeria.The sampling technique used was purposive sampling technique where by nine (9) of the listed firms were chosen for the study for the periods 2012- 2020. Data were subjected to several tests to ascertain robustness and reliability of results. One model was developed and tested. Descriptive analysis, regression and correlation analysis were used for analyzing the data gathered and testing of hypothesis. These were done with the aid of Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) software. The study result indicated that Board Ownership spread has a very weak, positive and insignificant relationship with return on asset of hospitality firms in Nigeria. The study concluded that board ownership has a weak and insignificant relationship with financial performance, thus the need for cautions approach in constituting governing council boards. The study recommended that llisted hospitality firms should ensure that there is variety in their board ownership. They should have the right or optimal mix of executive and non-executive directors so that they would be balance in the board’s ability to oversee the activities of the management in other to achieve improved financial performance.
The Comprehensive Research Process Design with Six Face Research Methodology
Dr Rupam Soti, & Dr Ashish Soti
Purpose: A number of research methods are available to any researcher for investigating theories and then to validate it, however no standard methodology is available for conducting research as a process. The present paper is an attempt to develop a comprehensive research methodology based on process approach. Methodology: The paper is based on a case of PhD research on six sigma applications. Understanding the key components of research and mixing them together is very important aspect for research and researcher. Present paper is an attempt to establish research as a process and bring out various aspects of research with help of a case study. Findings: Every research targets a set of objectives from one or different research methods. A newly proposed innovative SixFaced-Research-Methodology (SFRM) is one of the most innovative process-approach for conducting research on any topic. It is an innovative process to do quality research with innovative research design approach. Conclusion: The application to different research areas will prove its worth in future; however it is the present limitation also. The proposed method is of great value to researcher, scientist, managers and implementers.
Beliefs and Practices among Indigenous Tribes of Jammu and Kashmi
Robina Akther & Dr Keshlata
According to the 2011 Census, the Gujjar and Bakarwal make up more than 11.9 percent of Jammu and Kashmir's total population, making them the third-largest ethnic groups in the state. The only group of people in the state that has preserved its culture and heritage over the years is a Scheduled Tribe. A community's and an individual's shared set of ritualistic activities and beliefs are referred to as religion. The organisation and operation of indigenous religion in both the traditional and contemporary contexts are given particular attention in this study. In this study, the Gujjar tribe of State traditional indigenous beliefs and customs are mapped. The majority Muslim Gujjars of J&K still practise ancient traditions and practises today. This research paper's major goal is to shed light on the native beliefs and customs of the Jammu and Kashmir, tribes. In this study, derivative sources of data were gathered from books, newspapers, the census, Google, and other websites. This research takes a theoretical look into the Gujjar people of Jammu and Kashmir to better understand their culture, customs, and beliefs
Exploration of Phytochemicals in herbs popular among tribal people of Gajapati district: A study
Pabitra Mohan Sahu & Dr Rasmita Padhy
India, being one of the world’s oldest civilizations, has a long tradition of using native and exotic flora in the preparation of medicine. The objective of the present study is to document diverse belief systems of these indigenous communities and more importantly, how they use nature to heal themselves and their livestock. For this, a survey was carried out among the tribals of Mohana region of Gajapati district. Plants and herbs are quite familiar with the tribals that they use for their as well as their livestock healing with effortless ease. The plants belonging to the families of Acanthaceae, Amaranthaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Apocynaceae, Asphodalaceae, Cannaceae, Crassulaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Marsileaceae, Papaveraceae, Phyllanthaceae, Plantaginaceae, Rubiaceae and verbanaceae are used by tribals as a tried and trusted method of treating ailment and diseases . Phytochemicals present in the medicinal herbs like flavonoids, polyphenols, alkaloid, tannins, coumarins etc are found. Along with these, some plant specific phytochemicals such as mimosine, withanine, Cuscutin, Cucurbitacin, Piperine, piperettine, Achuranthine are also found in the plant parts. The indigenous tribes handed down this knowledge in the form of folk traditions, but it is slowly dissipating due to emergence of modern medicine, forest degradation and lack of employment for younger generation. These major issues are to be addressed if we want to realise the true potential of traditional tribal or folk herbal medicines.
Importance of security features during online web surfing
Rishi Shukla, Prem Kumar Gautam, Manjusha Tiwari, Hemant Kumar and Vipin Saxena
: Due to the rapid growth of cloud servers, millions of users have connected across the globe, and users are increasing in an exponential manner for the use of internet services provided by various organizations in the form of private or public clouds. Amazon, Google clouds are widely used across the globe by the users. Recently, the technology is rapidly changing through reduction in chip sizes of the devices, increment in the memory size in terms of terabytes and reduction of the overall cost involvement of the devices, many of the organisations have shifted the business over the cloud servers, where the cost of the storage space is to be paid by the organizations. Organizations have now allowed to the employees that business can be done from the home. On the other hand, due to Covid-19, online education to the children has also gained the popularity which is based on the maximum number of students in low price. Without the movement of the user from one place to another place, all kinds of work available over the cloud servers, can be easily handled. This is the beauty of the approach of distributed computing. In the present article, importance of various security features which are to be followed by the authorised user when doing online surfing. This may include seeing the website, passing the information in the form of text audio, video form, transacting the digital currency/e-cash/crypto currency through credit or debit cards, and many more. Generally, users are unaware from the hackers/intruders who are hacking the user’s information over the online network and misusing the information to steal digital currency/e-cash/crypto currency or important information. The goal of this article is to fill these gaps in order to raise the user awareness when surfing the web pages through high speed internet connectivity. Obviously, the present work shall minimize the rate of cyber-crimes.
Psychology and criminal justice system in America
This paper discusses the roles that Psychology plays in the American Criminal Justice System. It elucidated on theories of criminal behaviour and how psychological assessments and treatments can be employed in the treatment of offenders, both adult and juvenile. The paper concluded that psychologists can facilitate the treatment and rehabilitation of criminals as well as young offenders by offering mental health care and counselling services. Psychologists will contribute significantly to the criminal justice system by ensuring that young offenders receive the proper interventions and treatment as well as by encouraging their recovery and reintegration into society. There must, therefore, be collaboration and cooperation between experts in the field of mental health (psychologists inclusive) and law enforcement agents, public offenders, prosecutors, court personnel and advocates.
Students Awareness of Environmental Education in Social Studies: A Strategy for Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals
Obiajulu-Anyia Esther Uche Atubi, Onamrewho Favour (Ph.D) Dania, Ogbianugene Peter (Professor) Ogheneakoke, E. Clifford
This article examined Social Studies students’ awareness of environmental education as a strategy for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Edo and Delta States. Five research questions were raised and answered. Survey Research Design was adopted for the research, and a sample size of 880 Basic 8 students from 36 upper basic schools in Edo and Delta states were drawn from a population of 48,095 Basic 8 students in Edo and Delta states. Multi-stage, purposive and random sampling techniques were used to sample the Local Government Areas, schools and respondents respectively. A well diligently structured and validated questionnaire was the instrument for data collection. It was titled “Social Studies Students Awareness on Environmental Education Questionnaire” (SSSAEEQ). The reliability of instrument was established with Cronbach-alpha reliability technique, with a reliability coefficient index of 0.78. Instrument was administered by the researchers and Social Studies teachers in the schools used for the study. After data collection, descriptive statistics of mean was used in answering research questions. Finding revealed that students’ awareness of environmental education can be used as a strategy for achieving “no poverty”; “good health and wellbeing”; “zero hunger” and “climate action” of the Sustainable Development Goals. Following these findings, recommendations were put forward that concepts in environmental education, should be inculcated through proper Social Studies pedagogy at the Basic School level, since Social Studies is a compulsory subject of study throughout the basic level of education in Nigeria.
Tribal Economic Management System of the Gonds of Nuapada District of Odisha in India
Mr. Hutasan Majhi 1 and Dr. Ratnakar Mohapatra
The purpose of this article is to highlight the economic management of the people of Gond tribe of Nuapada district of the state of Odisha in India. Economic life of the Gonds of Nuapada is an amiable feature of the tribal economic system of Odisha. The Gond is an ancient tribe of the state of Odisha. Out of various Scheduled tribes, Gond community of Nuapada is recognized by scholars as an important tribe of western Odisha. The main contribution of this study is that it undertakes the economic management system of the people of Gond tribe of Nuapada district of Odisha in India. The Gond people are slightly different from other indigenous tribal people of Odisha. Really, they are very much innocent and poor in economic status like other tribal people of Odisha. The monetary existence of Gonds of Nuapada district is closely linked with agricultural cycle and different reasserts as labourers in diverse developmental works of the Government of India. In the practical observation made by the principal author/scholar was found that 80 percent to 85 percent of the Gond people were working in the agricultural field for the production of paddy, sugarcane, Mandia, Maka, onion, potato, etc. They lead an existence of poverty and indigence. They were doing diverse types of the agricultural activities, most effective in transplantation of rice seedlings and in harvesting. The main occupation of the Gonds of Nuapada is agriculture. Moreover, natural calamities causing drought, and crop failure often made the situation worse, adversely affecting these poor landless agricultural labourers by creating a situation of crisis of non-availability of wage labour in the country side. As a result, many Gond families left homes and moved to urban and industrial centers in search of employment.
Selected monetary variables and small and medium scale enterprise in Nigeria
Ekane Raphael Ogagaoghene and Dr. Lucky Ejieh Ujuju
This study investigated the effect of selected monetary instruments on small and medium scale enterprises output in Nigeria for a period of 1981-2021. There are a lot of different findings and divergent views of different authors which lead to inconclusive results in the study of the relationship between monetary variables and small and medium scale enterprise in Nigeria. Ordinary least square was used as a method of data analysis. The study used secondary data, collated from Central Bank of Nigeria Statistical Bulletin of various years. The variables were cash reserve ratio, liquidity ratio, inflation rate, interest rate and small and medium scale enterprise. The researchers employed unit root test, co-integration and Error Correction Model (ECM). The study reveals that cash reserve ratio has negative impact on small and medium enterprise in Nigeria and inflation rate has no significant effect on small and medium enterprise in Nigeria. The study concludes that monetary variables have no significant effect on small and medium scale enterprises in Nigeria. The researchers recommends that interest rate must be allowed to operate through market mechanism to ensure that interest rate is determined by demand for loanable fund. Government should in sincerity control inflation rate since it adversely affects interest rate in Nigeria. If the amount charge on investible loans is high it will manifest negatively on the growth of the enterprise. Banks should negotiate a reduced Cash Reserve Ratio with the Central Bank of Nigeria to improve performance of SMEs.
Quality Management and Lean Technology in Food Processing Industries: A systematic literature review
Audrey N. Z. Fometeu, Innocent Ndoh Mbue
Purpose: The objective of this study was to identify the profile of academic research on quality management and lean technology in agro-manufacturing industries and look at the connection between quality management and resource efficiency. Theoretical framework: Food safety concerns have plagued the food industry the world over, resulting in outbreaks of foodborne diseases that affect both domestic and foreign consumers (Zhang et al. 2015). How can manufacturers assure quality within the manufacturing process while simultaneously minimizing waste and maximizing productivity? Design/methodology/approach: We analysed the profile of publications on blended learning in quality and lean manufacturing from 2000 to 2022. We identified when, who, where and what was published on the subject, singling out the authors and journals with the greatest impact based on the h-index and Cite Score (Scopus and web of science. Articles were first screened by reviewing their titles to exclude non-relevant articles. A PRISMA flow chart was used to extract the data from the included articles. Findings: The volume of research has been increasing over the past twenty years, although there are only a few authors, institutions and reference journals contributing to the topic’s consolidation and the countries conducting the most research, authors and impact journals. The review also demonstrates the areas where we can all agree and why research has produced disparate results. Such disparities in research findings are vexing for both researchers designing new studies and practitioners seeking guidance on how to implement lean and quality management systems. Research, Practical & Social implications: Future studies could analyze the impact of joint applications and possible links between lean manufacturing and other approaches like TQM, Six Sigma, etc., with the aim of process improvement. Originality/value: The review demonstrates the areas where we can all agree and why research has produced disparate results. Such disparities in research findings are vexing for both researchers designing new studies and practitioners seeking guidance on how to implement lean and quality management systems.
Terrorist groups in Iraq and Syria and their threat to societal peace, A case study of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS).
Raed Kareem Abdullah and Sity Daud
The terrorist group ISIS has posed a major threat to social peace in Iraq and Syria, employing violent tactics and promoting an extremist ideology that has led to widespread violence and destruction. The consequences of their actions have been devastating, causing immense human suffering, displacement, and a decline in living standards. The long-term implications include community fragmentation, institutional degradation, and decreased security in the region. The impact on human security has been significant, with civilians constantly living in fear of violence and insecurity. The effects of terrorism have resulted in extensive human suffering, displacement, and economic hardship. Fragmentation of communities and degradation of public institutions have further destabilized these countries. Addressing the threat of ISIS requires a comprehensive and sustained response from the international community.
The Political Involvement of the Catholic Clergy in Enugu State, Nigeria, in the 2023 General Elections: An Emerging New Culture
Bonaventure Ikenna Ugwu, Charles Achunike Ebelebe, Philip Mbonu Igbo
The Catholic Church in Nigeria, which is the largest Christian denomination in the country, has a political culture that is characteristically passive. Many Catholics shy away from active involvement in politics because they perceive it as unhealthy for their spiritual life and salvation. The Catholic clergy are forbidden by Church law from assuming public offices that entail the exercise of civil power or playing active roles in politics. The 2023 Nigerian general elections witnessed a new way of thinking, talking, and behaving by the Catholic clergy in Enugu State concerning their involvement in politics. This study examines the political involvement sof the Catholic clergy in Enugu State in the 2023 general election, and the circumstances that prompted them. The nature of the study is qualitative, and the method is descriptive, historical, and phenomenological. The investigation established that in the 2023 general elections, the Catholic clergy in Enugu State participated in politics in ways that shifted remarkably from the traditional Catholic style of political participation, that their new conducts were prompted by identifiable circumstances, and their actions contributed significantly to the outcome of the elections in the state. These affirmations demonstrate the influence of religion on politics, and announce a new direction of relationship between the Catholic Church and the government in Enugu state. Further investigations are required to highlight possible implications of the shift for the future of the relationship between the Church and politics in the state.
The Effect of Servant Leadership Style on Employees’ Commitment to Change: The Moderating Effect of Organizational Identification
Tafere Worku Ayal , Abdurezak Mohammed Kuhil (PhD) Anteneh Eshetu Tizazu (PhD)
The success or failure of organizational change programs depends heavily on the ability of leaders to effectively manage the on-going change in the dynamic environment of the organization, as well as their ability to engage employees in the organizational change process. The main purpose of this paper is to investigate the direct and indirect relationship between servant leadership style and employees commitment to organizational change. A quantitative approach and causal/explanatory research design is employed for the study. Primary data are collected from sampled administrative and academic staffs. Stratification based on university generation was the sampling technique. CFA was conducted to test the measurement model and structural measurement modelling was conducted to examine the relationship of variables. Servant leadership style has positive and significant effect on with employees’ commitment to organizational change. Eemployees’ organizational identification doesn’t strengthen the influence of implementation of Servant leadership in the company to increase the employees’ level of commitment to organizational change. Servant leadership has a strong positive and significant influence on employees’ commitment to organizational change. There is no moderating role of employees’ organizational identification in the influence of servant leadership on employees’ commitment to organizational change.
Influence of beginning teachers development of mathematical knowledge for teaching on students achievement in mathematics in Delta State.
Dr. S. B. Ijeh Professor I. Njoseh Dr. J. F. O. Akpomedaye Professor J. N. Igabari Professor P. U. Osadebe Dr. E. Enakpoya
The study investigated the influence of beginning teachers development of mathematical knowledge for teaching on students achievement in mathematics in Delta State. For the course of the study, two research questions were raised and two research hypotheses were formulated. The study employed descriptive research design using three hundred (300) students and ninety (90) beginners teachers make it a total of three hundred and ninety (390) respondents as sample size. The study used both teachers and students questionnaires as well as lesson observation as instrument to collected. Stratified sampling technique was used to chose the respondents. The collected data were analysize using mean/standard deviation and Chi-square statistical test. The mean/standard deviation were used to answer the research questions and Chi-square test were used for testing research hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the test revealed that; there was a significant influence of mathematical knowledge needed by teachers beginning teachers and students achievement in mathematics and there was significant influence between teacher development of mathematical knowledge and student achievements in Mathematics. based on these results, the study recommended that; beginning mathematics teachers are encourage to update their mathematical knowledge so that they become effective, knowledgeable, productive and efficient for teaching mathematics to enhance students achievement.
The effect of the size of the informal sector on inflation rate
Jeremiah I. Ubah, Philip Alege, Adeyemi Ogundipe
Traditional monetary policy methods have been criticized for their efficacy in reducing inflationary pressures throughout the years. Inflation has recently become a hot topic, owing to the impact of government-led efforts to alleviate the influences of the COVID-19 epidemic as well as the supply train disruptions caused by the conflict in Russia and Ukraine. As a result, the purpose of this study is to find out how Nigeria's informal economy has changed over time and how this has affected inflation from 1980 to 2021. Estimation using OLS-based ARDL with EViews software. The estimated model was reviewed using some diagnostic tests (serial correlation test, normality test, and stability test). Only interest rate had a noteworthy positive influence on inflation in the long run in Nigeria. As opposed to that, exchange rate and the informal sector impacted Nigeria's inflation significantly. It is crucial that the apex bank adopts a more practical approach to root out inflation, such as bolstering the value of the Naira, minimizing supply bottlenecks, and striving for financial inclusion, in order to effectively deploy monetary policy tools in attaining a single figure inflation.
Goal programming input output model for Iyiocha stream forest reserve, Delta state, Nigeria
Kesiena Tina Ogeh and Saka Oladunni Jimoh
Goal Programming (GP) and Input-Output (I-O.) model can contribute to suitable management of forests in Nigeria. Iyiocha Stream Forest Reserve (ISFR) has lost most of its indigenous timber species and Non-timber forest products (NTFPs) to unsustainable management. The sustainable level of outputs of the available forest resources (AFRs) in ISFR were determined using Goal Programming-Input-Output (GP-I-O.) model. Four villages were picked on the condition of closeness to ISFR: Illah, Ugbolu, Akwukwu and Aniwalo. Using random sampling 165 questionnaires were administered to the different forest stakeholders in ISFR. Information on timber and NTFPs; demand, production inputs (PIs) and AFRs were obtained. Projected demands (PDs) and PIs were estimated using standard procedures. One hundred and sixteen plots of 25m×25m in the plantations and 20 plots of 75m×75m in the natural forest using random sampling and systematic sampling respectively to collect data on available forest resources (AFRs). Timber, fuel-wood volumes and NTFPs quantities were estimated. The PDs, PIs and AFRs were used to estimate input-output coefficients (IOCs) and independent matrix (IM). The PDs, IM and AFRs were used to build the GP-I-O. model. The PDs are: Sawnwood (68,246.45m3), taungya farm land (59.50ha), fuel-wood (13,433.70m3), Morinda lucida bark (41,462kg), Tetrapleura tetraptera fruits (66,339.20kg), Treculia africana fruits (301,965kg), Napoleona vogelii stems (4616.10m3), Olax subscorpioidea stems (3317m3), Nauclea latifolia roots (27,697kg), Morinda morindoides stems (18,243.28kg) and access road (14.21km). The AFRs are: timber (1,495,035.81m3), taungya farm (68.40ha), fuel-wood (24,766.74m3), Morinda lucida bark (157,574.88kg), Tetrapleura tetraptera fruits (900kg), Treculia africana fruits (250kg), Napoleona vogelii stems (32,111.42m3), Olax subscorpioidea stems (20.54m3), Nauclea latifolia roots (12,256kg), Morinda morindoides stems (48,114.60kg) and access road (14.21km). The PIs are: land (875.42ha), fund (N15,548,25), labour (3652man-days), land rent (N10,000/ha) and access road (14.21km). The GP-I-O. model solution shows that taungya farm land (68.40ha) and access road (14.21km) are sustainably utilised while all the other AFRs are unsustainably utilised. The available forest resources are not adequate to deliver the projected demands. Improved inputs are required to boost production of the available forest resources.
Agencies assessment of programmatic advertising opportunities in Lagos, Nigeria
Stephanie Olisemenogor; Oscar Odiboh; Thelma Ekanem; Tunji Oyedepo; Evaristus Adesina;
This study focuses on programmatic advertising prospects for advertising agencies in Lagos, Nigeria. The study used a quantitative design with a questionnaire to obtain opinions, and data was collected 12 advertising agencies. This studyshows that programmatic advertising offers a variety of opportunities that, if taken advantage of, can address issues confronting the advertising business, notably the need to maintain relevance As a result, the significance of advertising agencies is defined by this new technology, programmatic advertising. In a nutshell, this study is built on the Technological Determinism theory, which holds that technology is a major influencer on society. However, the status of programmatic advertising as the best advertising approach in Nigerian society remains equivocal. To summarise, programmatic advertising is a platform with a huge potential that is growing exponentially. The Advertising Practitioners Council of Nigeria should establish skill acquisition initiatives to empower agencies in handling programmatic advertising.
Personal floating devices compliance in Warri water ways, Delta state Nigeria
Ejemeyovwi O. Success & Ejemeyovwi D Ochuko (PhD) Associate Professor
Issue: The research investigate the use of Personal Floating Devices (PFDs )by stakeholders that include boat operators, drivers and Passenger to evaluate the level and rate of compliance with PFDs to create awareness on their usage and ascertain their attitude on the usage in Warri Waterways, Delta State, Nigeria. Method: Data are collected from primary sources that involvesquestionnaire administration while the use of existing data such as journals, books, internet publications constitute secondary sources of data. The instrument of data collection is selfstructured questionnaires for boat operators, drivers and passengers of 250 targeted respondents’ sampled population in three (3) prominent jetties namely in Ogbe-Ijoh, Main-inland and Kpesu in Warri. The data presentation involves statistical simple percentages and mean data set collected that are presented with Bar and Pie graphs.Findings: Four research hypotheses were tested and analysed using Chi-square statistical technique at 0.05 level of significance and the result showed that there is a significant difference i) between the level/rate of passengers’ compliance and the use of PFDs, iibetween the attitude of boat drivers/users and the use of PFDs in Warri waterways, Delta state. Conclusion: The study recommends that the state and local authorities should formulate legislate on the mandating wearing of PFDs coupled with effective enforcement on boat users in Warri waterways and indeed Nigeria.
Exploring the Physical Training Life of Varsity Athletes Amidst the Pandemic
Kathleen P. Bangtowan , NiÃ±o R. Felix, Thelma D. Palaoag, Jeric A. de Vera, Leo Patrick E. NiÃ±alga
In 2020, a global pandemic interrupted most athletic events, and athletes endured significant reductions in training frequency and time spent completing other training-related activities. The purpose of this study is to determine the physical training strategies encountered by the varsity athletes of the university during the pandemic. The researcher utilized a qualitative method in the study. Questionnaires through google forms were formulated and administered to the coaches and varsity athletes as the respondents. The researcher also conducted a focus group discussion with varsity athletes to be able to explore an in-depth strategies utilized during the pandemic. Findings show that the common physical training of varsity athletes during the pandemic is flexibility and strengthening exercises. Strategies utilized are scheduling, monitoring, and adjustment of the frequency of training. Conclusions are then drawn where varsity athletes are led to modify and made necessary adjustments to the conduct of their physical training because of the challenges they encountered during the pandemic. This recommends enhancing and having proposed or clear guidelines to be followed by the varsity athletes, enhancing time management including setting realistic goals, prioritizing, and establishing routines in conducting their physical training during the pandemic.
Effect of determinants on Pre game conditions and coaching performance: in case of Hadiya zone football clubs, south Ethiopia
Samson Getu Habte
Background: Many factors laid serious effect on the overall coaching performance of football clubs, even though coaches did not recognize how much it affect pre-game conditions of the players. Psychosocial factors include social support, loneliness, marriage status, social disruption, work environment, social status, and social integration (Stansfeld &Rasul, 2007). Environmental conditions, beyond match location, strength of team, and match outcome, is one of the most important influencing variables that affect the physical activity of players in football matches of high competition level (Sarmento H, et,al 2012). Objective: To assess the effect of determinants on pre-game conditions and coaching performance: in case of Hadaya zone football clubs, south Ethiopia. Methods: The study used analytical cross sectional study design research methodology to achieve the stated goal. Data were collected by using questionnaire. Subjects of the study were select 92 from 120 players by using sampling size determination formula and coaches were selected by purposive sampling technique. Frequency, percentage and multiple regression models were used to analyse the predictor factors and dependent variable data. P-values ?0.05 were considered statistically significant. Result: - The result show that from psychological factors lack of motivation27 (29.3%) were the most factors affecting player’s performance during before game situations. Social integration 32(34.8%) were the most factors that affect football players socializations and coaching performance. Players preferred in during before game situations were snake 28(30.4%) from the rest food types. Pollution, vibration and noise were major environmental factors that limits player’s performances. In model summery result show that (R2=0.84) and the predictor’s accounts 84% variance on coaching performance. Psychological, environmental, social and nutritional factors statically significant at (P-value <0.05) Conclusion: There is a consensus that the effect of determinants of pre-game situation on coaching performances serious challenges to athletes due to poor dissipation of their coaching performances. Psychological, environmental, social and nutritional factors were significant factors affecting coaching performances. Educating and supporting coaches and players in psychological diagnostics and cooperating with sport psychologists could promote higher quality standards with respect to psychological and social diagnostics.
Oral lichen planus and stress a review
Dr Gayathri P M, Dr Savithri N K
Oral lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the mucous membranes inside the mouth. It is characterized by bilateral white striations or plaques on the buccal mucosa, tongue or gingiva. the last few years, significant advances have been made in understanding the mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of the disease. One prominent and commonly accepted aspect of OLP relates to its potential relationship with several psychological diseases, primarily anxiety, depression, and stress. In this review we assess the role of stress in the pathogenesis and progression of lichen planus.
Computer-aided Instruction for C++ Programming and its System Usability Scale Score
Harris C. Tarrayo, & Riz Rupert L. Ortiz
Application of Information Technology in the evolving and advancing field of education has been a great help to academic institutions in enhancing and strengthening teaching and learning. In this study on computer-aided instruction (CAI), efforts were exerted to develop a computer-based application that could be used as a support in teaching basic C++ programming. Such an effort is driven by the continuous demand to improve the quality of education amongst higher education institutions (HEIs) in the country. Specifically, this study intended to provide a mechanism for the electronic delivery of lessons and monitoring of student’s learning progress. It also covered the assessment of the system’s level of usability. Structured analysis served as the development strategy. The final output was then evaluated for usability by its intended users which include Information Technology (IT) faculty members and students from the University of Eastern Philippines. A number of IT faculty members from other schools also served as respondents. Results showed that the system was able to deliver the lessons with the use of the specified hardware and software and that student’s learning progress was tracked continuously. Based on the evaluation, the e-learning tool has an above-average level of usability, which implies that it could be used as an adjunct in teaching and learning basic C++ programming.
The impact of agri business on the Nigerian economy A case study of small and medium enterprises
Babajide Ayoola Akanji , Olapade V. Oluwafemi, Oraka K. Fred
This research examines the impact of the agribusiness sector on Nigeria's economy, with a focus on Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). Using data on Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and agribusiness output (AbO) and investment (AbI) from 2011 to 2021, the study establishes a relationship between the agribusiness sector and the economy. The model hypothesizes that there is a functional relationship between the dependent and independent variables. The results of the OLS regression estimates show that agribusiness investment is statistically significant at 5% and has a positive relationship with GDP, while agribusiness output is not statistically significant at 5% and has a negative coefficient value. This suggests that investing in agriculture is crucial for economic growth in Nigeria but improving output alone may not be enough. The study concludes that agribusiness investment is a significant contributor to the Nigerian economy, while agribusiness output has little impact. The government should focus on empowering SMEs to stimulate growth in the sector and improve coordination and connectivity within the agribusiness value chain. The study recommends creating an enabling environment and infrastructure, adopting technological modes for value addition, and enacting policy reforms to promote investments in agribusiness SMEs. Overall, investing in agribusiness has the potential to spur growth, alleviate poverty, and generate more and better jobs for the Nigerian economy.
Data unraveling the nexus of human resource analytics and diversity and inclusion: A literature review
Obembe Oluwanifemi Oladipupo,Igbinoba Ebeguki Edith , Osibanjo Adewale Omotayo , Kehinde SegunIssac
In this article, we delve deeply into the literature that examines how diversity and inclusion relate to human resource analytics. This study seeks to give a thorough comprehension of how organisations use HR analytics to promote diversity and inclusion initiatives by critically reviewing existing studies, theories, and frameworks. It explores the foundational ideas and methods of HR analytics in the context of diversity and inclusion, shedding insight on the field's past achievements, current obstacles, and promising future. This analysis and synthesis of the available literature adds to the body of knowledge by providing useful insights and suggestions for researchers, HR professionals, and policymakers who are working to improve diversity and inclusion using HR analytics.
Application of Online Learning APP in Higher Music Education Take Yunmeng APP as an Example
Shen Hongyan & Dr. Niño R. Felix
With the increasing popularity of wireless networks and the high development of information technology, online learning through APPs is a unique product of the information age. A variety of mobile education apps have appeared in the field of education. How to use educational apps to assist higher music education and realize complementary advantages with traditional teaching methods needs careful study by every higher music teacher. Through a lot of practice, it has been found that although there are a lot of educational apps emerging in the education market at present, few of them can be applied to higher music education teaching. This paper mainly introduces the development history, advantages, and disadvantages of online apps, and finally expounds on the application of the Yunmeng APP in higher music education
Financial Inclusion among South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation Countries
Sonu Dalal, Rohtash Bhall, Kavita Berwal, Monika Bisla and Priyanka R. Naagar
This study aims to measure financial inclusion among (SAARC) countries from the time-period of 2010-2020.SAARC has eight member countries (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka). But data is available only for 6 countries except Sri Lanka and Afghanistan). Financial inclusion has evolved into a growth-promoting force that can benefit and open new chances for society. As a result, tracking the progress of financial inclusion is crucial. There must be immediate action made to increase financial inclusion across the country. Firstly, financial inclusion is having access to an account, which allows individuals to hold and conduct transactions with money. Having a bank account is not a need for financial inclusion, but using banking services is just as important. The Wroclaw Taxonomy method is applied to frame the index of financial inclusion. Further, determinants of financial inclusion were also studied by applying the fixed-effect model. The finding shows that Bhutan, Nepal and Maldives have a high level of financial inclusion whereas India, Bangladesh and Pakistan have a low level of financial inclusion. Further, credit and GDP have a substantial but negative effect on the index of financial inclusion (IFI), whereas, literacy rate, and employment, have significant and positive effects on IFI.
Effectiveness of Practicum Course Offering Practicesto Preservice English Language Teachers: Nekemte Teacher Education College in Oromia, Ethiopia
Ketema Jiregna Geneti
The provision practicum course to preservice language teachers has impacts onthe knowledge and teaching skillscandidates establish for their teaching. Nekemte Teacher Education College (NTEC) offerspracticum to preservice English language teachers’ teaching knowledge and skill development However, graduate English language teachers have shown poor practice in English subject teaching. This study aimed to look into the effectiveness of English practicum course provision to preservice English language teachers. An evaluative qualitative case study design was employed. Document analysis and semistructured interview methods were employed. The purposive sampling technique was used to choose five English language teacher educators, and four mentor English teachers from teaching practice schools and random sampling method was used to take ten preservice teacher candidates. Thematic data analysis method was applied in relation to each research question. The finding showed that practicum courses provision to English preservice teachers was isolated from candidates’ target language learning since the courses were prepared and taught in local language by non-English subject teacher educators. Furthermore, the school based teaching practice was poorly implemented because most candidates were assigned to work with non-English subject mentors and they didn’t get reflective practice. Besides,there was no supervisorsand mentorscooperation on guiding and mentoring candidatesat teaching practice. The English language department should take responsibility to prepare and teach a practicum courses in English language and give attention to candidates’teaching practice on assigning supervisors and mentors.
Physical activity and sedentary behaviour among kindergarten children during covid 19 in Ethiopia
Melkamu Dugassa, Jaleta Sileshi, Md Babul Akhtar
Introduction: Regular participation in physical activity (PA) accelerates bone, muscle, and mental growth of children thereby maintaining a healthy lifestyle. However, the numerous health reimbursements of bodilymovement for children's health and growth are overwhelmed by the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak. Objective: -the current investigation emphasises therelationshipbetween physical activity and sedentary behavior among preschool kids with the Socio-demographic variables of Parents during COVID-19 in Ethiopia. Method: Employing a cross-sectional study design, quantitative data was collected from purposefully selected (n=322) kindergarten parents in Jimma Zone selected towns administration. To obtain adequate and relevant data from the respondents a standardized data collection questionnaire was used. Statistical models such as frequency, percentage, and bivariate binary logistic regression were applied to employ a statistical package for social science (SPSS version 26) for the analysis of the data. Result: The results show that a greater number of the respondents 282(87.60%) and 165 (51.24%) spent a sedentary lifestyle with passive sitting and watching TV for greater than 180 minutes a day respectively. Being male (OR: 2.035, CI: 1.261-3.282, p=0.004) and children of those who had a divorced marital status (OR: 2.111, CI: 1.172-3.805, p=0.013) had a significant association with being physically active. Conclusion: The finding of this study shows physical activity participation among kindergarten School children in Jimma Zone is very low and the sedentary lifestyle of children is very high requiring a cost-effective and cooperative physical activity promotion program among various stakeholders.
Enhancing Inclusive Workplace and Adaptable Workforce through Management Education in Private Secondary Schools in Sagamu Local Government, Ogun State
Babatunde Ayoola Fajimi
The unfavourable working conditions and unfair labour practices in private secondary schools in Nigeria are symptomatic of a non-inclusive workplace and an unadaptable workforce, and management staff of the schools have been alluded as the causative factor. Management education equips leaders with the competencies to create conducive work environment for innovative employees. The study examined management education, inclusive workplace, and adaptable workforce and established relationship between the variables to promote inclusion and adaptable workforce in private secondary schools in Sagamu Local Government, Ogun State. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. The population sampled 70 respondents comprising 50 teachers and 20 management staff who were selected through a multi-stage sampling technique. Three research questions guided the study and three null hypotheses were tested. The self-designed questionnaire for the study was validated and Cronbach’s Alpha test-retest reliability coefficient of 0.79 was obtained. The data collected were analysed with descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings revealed a strong positive correlation between management education and inclusive workplace at (r = 0.740, p = 0.00) and a strong positive correlation between management education and adaptable workplace at (r = 0.807, p = 0.01). The multiple correlation coefficient of the independent variable with the dependent variable was 0.84 and the regression ANOVA produced (F (2, 67) = 79.26, P < 0.05) to show that the joint contribution of management education, inclusive workplace, and adaptable workforce is statistically significant. The study recommended that management of private secondary schools should operate an open-book organisation, scale up its industrial democracy, and promote workers’ participation in management. The work environment should create a performance management system that encourages critical thinking and innovation. There should be an avenue for work-life balance among employees of private secondary schools.
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders and ergonomic hazards among Cameroonian metallurgists
Ndoh M.I and Ebango E.A.A
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), ergonomic hazards, and their relationship among Cameroonian metallurgists, taking the city of Douala as an example. A structured questionnaire was self- administered to 80 metallurgists in three of the five urban municipalities that constitute the city of Douala. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were performed to summarize and organize the data, and to explore the relationship between MSDs and potential risk factors, respectively. We found that the prevalence rate of MSDs was 85.4% in the previous 12 months and 53.8% in the previous 7 days. Majority, 76 (95%), of the metallurgists were youths between 20 and 42 years (mean = 32.7, SD = 8.8) old. Disorders in the upper back (52.2%), lower back (50.2%), and shoulders (46.45%) were the most commonly reported symptoms. Those who reported symptoms of MSDs did differ by sex, X2(1, N=80) = 9.21, P=.000), age category, X2(1, N=80) = 8.74, P=.000), and educational level, X2(1, N=80) =7.71, P =.000). Multivariate logistic regression analysis predicted that Metallurgists who regularly lifted, pushed, and pulled loads greater than 20 kg without assistance from colleagues or assistive tools were 4.85-fold more exposed to the risk of MSD than those who did not (AOR: 4.85, 95% CI: 2.65-8.87). Similarly, workers whose activities frequently involved repetitive motions were 4.29 times more likely to develop WMSDs than those whose tasks did not involve repetitive motions (AOR: 4.29, 95% CI (1.78–10.2). Our study shows that though similar studies have been carried out in relation to the epidemiology of musculoskeletal disorders worldwide, there is yet a dearth of studies on how this syndrome affects people of different occupational background. Further studies on the epidemiology of musculoskeletal disorders, especially the impact on the psychosocial safety climate of workplaces are recommended.
The Effect of Business Ethics Practices on Manufacturing Firms Sustainability: A Non Parametric Approach
Dr. Anisiuba, Chika Anastesi,. Dr.Ojukwu, Chioma Obianuju, Akwue, Ojore Solomon, Dr Edith, Ogoegbunam Onyeanu
Wide attention is currently being paid to organisational sustainability. This development can be attributed to the recent business leader’s realisation that the organisation needs societal recognition and environmental preservation in addition to protecting the interests of shareholders. Despite the advantages of sustainable business practices, of which ethical business is a part, almost every economic sector has experienced business scandals. Most organisations now have weak corporate governance and unethical business practices as a result of corruption and profiteering, which has negatively impacted customers, society, and the long-term viability of the company. Remarkably, the study examines the relationship between business ethics practices and the sustainability of manufacturing firms in Nigeria. This study utilised a survey research design. A five-point Likert scale questionnaire was used for data collection. The data collected were analysed using the non-parametric approach, ordinal regression, and Spearman Rank Correlation. The study reveals that, jointly and individually, Business ethical practices have a significant positive association with the manufacturing firms’ economic, social, and environmental performance. This implies that as Business ethical practices increase, manufacturing firms’ sustainability also increases. This makes business ethics an indispensable antidote to manufacturing firms’ sustainability in Nigeria. We recommend that manufacturing firms make business sustainability an integral part of strategic planning and incorporate business ethics codes into the firm’s mission and vision. They should imbibe the culture of employee training and retraining on business ethics and reward ethical employees. They should also ensure strict adherence to ethical business practices by the management and the employees through promoting accountability, integrity, and sincere supervision. Furthermore, the government should strengthen and implement business laws/regulations, reward ethical firms, and punish unscrupulous firms.
The Impact of Positive Psychology on Coaching Practices of Coaches to Zillenial Athletes
Armand John P. Cantor, Jennifer M. Dindin, J-Lyn C. Espiritu, Paul Louie B. Serrano, Alexander H. Am-una
Coaches are pillars on the life of athletes, they serve as back bones for athletes to achieve their full potential and guide them to perform at their best before, during and after competitions. A coach should be able to determine an athlete's passions during training and competition. The athletes of today are from Generation Z, who were nurtured in a totally different environment than the generations before. The understanding of the importance of coaches to the success of their athletes and the sports program will be greatly influenced by the research's findings. Gathered data are tallied, arranged and statistically tabulated using 4-point Likert scale in identifying the impacts of positive psychology in coaching practices on generation z athletes. A questionnaire survey was used, and a weighted mean was statistically compiled and examined. This led to a weighted average overall score of 3.53, indicating that coaches genuinely believe they regularly use positive psychology in their coaching methods. The use of positive psychology has an impact on the performance of zillennial athletes by comprehending their traits, encouraging optimism in them, and directing them to reach their full potential. to support the coaches' optimistic view of their coaching approach. It is essential that they go to conferences and workshops on the use of positive psychology in coaching that are designed to help them advance their knowledge of coaching techniques. This action will get them ready to become better coaches and might be a long-lasting tool for proper and improved facilitation of their athletes' improvement.
Quantification of Heavy Metals and Metalloid in Cassava Roots (manihotesculentacrantz; Family: Euphorbiaceae) grown in Oil Bearing Communities of the Niger Delta
Ogwu, C, Ukpene, A. O., Ekpe, I. N. & Umukoro B. O. J., Onuelu J. E.
This study is an ex-port facto research that investigated the heavy metals concentrations in cassava roots harvested in the Niger Delta oil bearing communities. The study answered 4 research questions and tested a hypothesis. To accomplish these, 5 states out of 9 Niger Delta states were randomly selected and anoil producing community also randomly selected from each state. Cassava roots samples were randomly collected from 5 farms in 5 villages/quarters of the oil producing communities. The analytical standard adopted for this study is EPA 201650 and the instrument of determination deployed is Analytic Jena’s NOVAA 800AAS. The grand mean results of the metals investigated were: Cd; 0.06±0.00, Cr, 0.06±0.01 mg/kg, As, 0.06±0.01 mg/kg, and Co, 0.07 ±0.01 mg/kg, and Pb 0.06±0.01 mg/kg. The grand mean result of the metals determined were subjected to test of significance deploying ANOVA using SPSS model 29 at 0.05 level of significance. The p-valuewas 0.48 thus rejecting H0. The study concludes that the heavy metals in the cassava tubers are higher than the critical threshold recommended by WHO thus the cassava roots and products are not healthy for human consumption. They are also not fit for export. It recommends that the impacted areas should be remediated and the monitoring agencies advised to increase their surveillance for the oil extracting companies to comply and adopt world best practices in their activities.
Assessment of Test Development Skills of Secondary School Physics Teachers in Delta Central Senatorial District
Igabari, Queen (Ph.D) & Okagbare Freedom.
This study assessed the test development skills of Secondary Schools Physics teachers in Delta Central Senatorial District. Three research questions answered. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The sample of this study consists of 57 teachers which constitutes 10% of the entire population. Data was collected with a structured interview guide designed by the researcher. A reliability coefficient of 0.89 was obtained for the items on the interview guide. The researcher personally visited the various sampled secondary schools and interviewed the selected Physics teachers using the structured interview guide designed for the study. Teacher responses were recorded in line with respond format in the interview guide. Quantitative data collected was subjected to data analysis procedure and the research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation. The major findings of the study included; planning skills, items writing skills, item analysis, items composition skills, validity and reliability skills, marking and scoring skills, printing and administration skill are the skills. They are the skills possessed by secondary school physics teachers in development of test items in Delta Central Senatorial District. They also possess item writing skills to large extent and item analysis skills to great extent. Based on the findings of this study it was recommended among others that Seminars on test development skills and procedures should be encouraged in secondary school to further enhance the incorporation of innovation in test development.
Comparative growth and best fit modelling of Albino and Black Clarias Gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) hybrid
Oyedokun Sunday Israel and Iloba Kate Isioma
As the world population increases, the demand for fish in the world also grows. It also entails mating fish with desirable traits, particularly if those traits might be inherited. The phenotypic crossing for this study was done in the following manner: Black female × Black male (BF × BM); White Female × White male (WF × WM); Black female × White male (BF ×WM) and White Female × Black male (WF × BM). Each phenotypic combination was replicated three times. The following growth parameters were evaluated: initial and final weight and length, mean weight gain, mean length gain, feed conversion ratio, relative growth rate, and specific growth rate. The length-weight relationship revealed that the offspring of all phenotypic combinations exhibited negative allometric growth (b<3) and a strong positive correlation (r=0.99) between their lengths and weights. There were no significant differences (p>0.05) in the growth parameters among all phenotypic cross combinations at the end of the study period. Lengths and weights of all experimental fish had a substantial positive correlation. The application of the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) to the weight-age data in this study revealed that regardless of pigmentation, the logistic model is the most suitable for predicting the growth of Clarias gariepinus.
Lets Talk Math: Challenges and Opportunities in Engaging Students in Mathematical Discourse
Jonathan C. Iglesias & Mary Geraldine B. Gunaban
The importance of effective communication in mathematics and education is indispensable. Myriads of studies have been conducted on the different aspects of mathematics but few studies have tackled the engagement of students in mathematical discourse. As such, in this study, it aims to explore the challenges and opportunities in engaging students in Mathematical discourse of (10) senior high school teachers. It used qualitative-phenomenological design approach. It was found that teachers view mathematical discourse as a means of interaction of students and teachers like collaboration as well it serves as a means of communication through oral and written communication. Furthermore, this study also revealed that problems such as Process-Content dilemma and Interpersonal and Confidence were encountered by the teachers. However, it was also revealed that teachers also gained opportunities in engaging students in mathematical discourse such as to know the comprehension of students, to provide guide for teaching strategies, and to determine student’s confidence
Modelling the Learning Style of Students: A Discriminant Analysis
Sheryl M. Atompag , Jonas L. Depaynos, Emily C. Palonga, and Mariano T. Bagasol Jr.
As the educational landscape continues to evolve, it's crucial to understand the unique needs and learning styles of students to effectively facilitate their academic success. This study generally aimed to build a model to classify the first-year teacher education students into their dominant learning styles. It made use of exploratory research design with the aid of an adapted questionnaire. Mean and percentage were utilized to group the students into their VARK learning style and discriminant analysis was used to derived discriminant model in classifying the students into different groups and identifying the variables with high discriminating power that could be used in separating the students into distinct groups. Results showed that visual group was the most dominant learning style of the students. Additionally, the derived discriminant models from the 4 clusters are accurate with high discriminatory power in separating the students into distinct groups based on their grades. The variables that have high discriminating power are The Child and Adolescent Learner and Learning Principles (Prof Ed 101), Physical Education 1 (PE 1n), Purposive Communication (Engl 100), and Readings in Philippine History (Hist 100). It's worth noting that the highest mean scores of the different subjects didn't show a significant difference from the mean scores of the other clusters. Overall, the study highlights the importance of identifying the dominant learning styles of students, which can aid in effectively facilitating their academic success.
Religion and the Humanization of Society: The Experience of an African Community
Bonaventure Ikenna Ugwu
The humanization of society has become a matter of great concern in contemporary societies. The world has continued to make laudable advancements in many areas of life, but at the same time, there is a steady decline and loss of human values and elements in modern society. This experience of decline and loss appears to be a global phenomenon and it raises serious worries about its resultant effect on the future of life on earth. Different persons and groups are beginning to address the problem by embarking on projects aimed at rehumanizing society. This study investigates the contributions of religion, particularly from the African perspective, to the humanization of society. The study is qualitative in nature and applies the descriptive, functional and phenomenological methods of inquiry. The investigation reveals that African Traditional Religion, particularly as it obtains among the Igbos of Southeastern Nigeria, lays high emphasis on human values and wellbeing, communal celebrations, extended family relationships, social fellowship and societal progress. Through these emphases, the religion contributes to making the community more human and humane, and thus, humanizes society. The study recommends that the religion be appreciated and aided to play more of its humanizing role, and that further studies be carried out in other African communities and beyond to strengthen or modify the finding of this investigation
Corporate governance and corporate scandals in petroleum industry in Nigeria
Audu Tanimu, Professor Onodugo V. A , Abdullahi Tanimu
Corporate governance has been an important research area, which deals with the various governance arrangements used to control the corporation within the objective of maximizing shareholders (owners) wealth. This research was designed to establish relationship that exist between corporate governance and corporate scandal in Nigeria. Descriptive cross sectional design was adopted to study four hundred and thirty (430) consenting respondents who were randomly selected. A pre-tested semi-structured interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to elicit information relating to the objectives postulated for the study. Data collected presented using frequency table while the hypotheses were tested using spearman’s rank correlation at 5% level of significance. the result showed that board composition and oil theft are positively related (correlation coefficient of 0.358, P-value: 0.000 <0.05, R2 of 12.8%). ownership structure and bribery cases are positively related (correlation coefficient of 0.668, P-value: 0.000 <0.05, R2 of 44.6%). Board independence and employees’ poor working conditionare positively related (correlation coefficient of 0.274, P-value: 0.000<0.05, R2 of 7.5%) while internal control system and error fund transactionare not related (correlation coefficient of 0.042, P-value: 0.386 >0.05). The study concludes that board composition, ownership structure and board independence were significantly positively associated with oil theft, bribery cases and employee poor working conditions respectively. It is recommended management board and ownership structure in petroleum industry should be reviewed
Indigenous technology: A comparative study of Nigeria and some selected countries
Egbon, Peter Chukwuyem & Obi, Callistar Kidochukwu
Without doubt, indigenous knowledge and technology are under threats in Nigeria; particularly when the use of external sources of knowledge, through foreign direct investment is increasingly influenced by technological convergence, declining costs in acquiring external R&D inputs and other shortening of product cycle. Yet, cognizant of the fact that every culture has her technology for achieving desired goals, having knowledge of other technologies, usually lead to better choices and therefore better results. The challenge before us is therefore it to discern the innovative and integrative mechanism. But, there are pre-conditions for effective technology transfer. What are these pre-conditions or fundamental elements? This paper therefore examined the trend in both inter-country and country specific variations in the fundamental elements required for any meaningful technological efforts/innovative process in Nigeria and some selected countries in the globe and derive some tentative policy lessons, particularly for Nigeria. The trend analysis shared that per capita GDP and human capital development correlate highly with the level of indigenous technological efforts, proxied by current level of spending on R&D in the countries sampled. Whereas per capita GDP and human capital development are on the increase in the countries sampled, Nigeria lags behind. Indigenous technology can function side by side with transferred western technology; given that more scientific system usually make important contributions to help facilitate local adaptations to changing conditions
Personality Traits and Attitude to Learning of Students in Delta State, Nigeria
Urien, James (Ph. D)
This study investigated the relationship that exists between personality traits and attitude of students towards learning. A total of five hypotheses were tested in the study. The study adopted the co relational research design. The A total of 384 students (192 males and 192 females) were recruited to participate in the study but 372 finally participated. Questionnaire was used for data collection. The questionnaire was adequately validated with a reliability index of 0.89 for Personality Traits Rating Scale and 0.92 for Students’ Attitude Towards Learning Rating Scale. The Pearson’s product moment correlation coefficient was used to analyses the data. The hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The result shows that the five personality traits of extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticisms and openness to experience had significant relationship with students’ attitude towards learning. The study recommended that personality assessment should be carried out on students as part of their entry qualification.