Innovations

Published Papers

Psycho-Social and Economic Factors Influencing Choice Of Clothing By Women In Colleges Of Education In Delta State, Nigeria

Nzei, Justina A. (PhD)

The main purpose of the study was to investigate the psycho-social and economic factors influencing the choice of clothing by women in Colleges of Education in Delta State, Nigeria. Three research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. It was a descriptive survey, and Ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. The population for the study was the female staff of the public Colleges of Education in Delta State which was 344 persons. Purposive sampling was used to select all the female staff in the department of Vocational/Technical Education in three public Colleges of Education in the three senatorial zones in Delta State, they are College of Education, Warri; College of Education, Mosogar; and College of Education, Agbor, comprising of 88 persons. A 29-item structured questionnaire on a 4-point scale was used to collect data. The data were analyzed using Mean ( ) and Standard Deviation which answered the research questions, and ANOVA which tested the null hypotheses. 

Database Management System (DBMS): a strategy for emboldening accessibility and usage of information resources in public university libraries in Delta, Nigeria

Igere A. Mercy

The use of DBMS enables proper organisation of information resources for easy accessibility and usage. However, studies have shown potential low usage of information resources indicating poor management hence this study to determine Database Management System (DBMS): a Strategy for Emboldening Accessibility and Usage of Information Resources in Public University Library in Delta, Nigeria. Six objective were set to determine the forms of DBMS adopted by libraries, database systems software used, hardware(s) used, how accessible the information resources are in the library, the extent to which information resources are used and how often patrons use resources. Descriptive survey design was adopted to determine the current status of the work. The population of the study comprised 4250 which are registered users of the public university libraries in Delta State. A sample of 170 which is 4% of the entire population was drawn using simple random sampling technique. The Instrument consist of question on nominal scale, four scale and fie scale questions. Some of the Instruments were developed by the researchers while some were from previous research article. The instruments were validated by other experts in the field. Descriptive and influential statistics were used to analysed data. A mean of 2.5 was used as criterion mean such that any item below 2.5 was rejected. Results shows that manual DBMS is mostly in applied, Some computer based developing libraries make use of software like CDIS/ISIS, SLAM, Oracle and X-LIB and the hard wares such as CD/DVD drive, pen drive, think client, server and external hard disc. There is a low extent of usage of e-resources, low frequency of usage of e- resources within the library. The study recommended that libraries should adopt the computerized DBMS for effective organisation and transparency of the information resources to encourage high access/usage of e-resources.  

Teachers Competencies and Students Academic Performance in Geography. A Comparison of Selected Private and Public Secondary Schools in Wakiso District, Uganda

Abubaker Mutebi & Kumari Nagaraja

The purpose of this study was to establish whether there was a relationship between teachers’ competencies and students’ academic performance in Geography in both Private and Public Secondary Schools in Wakiso District Uganda.  The study was guided by three objectives, to examine the relationship between teachers’ communication ability and students’ academic performance in Geography. To find out the relationship between teachers’ command of the subject matter and students’ academic performance in Geography and to investigate the relationship between teachers’ social support and students’ academic performance in Geography as far as Wakiso district was concerned. A correlational, cross-sectional survey design was used to carry out the study. A sample of 44 respondents was selected to participate in the study. Data were collected with the use of questionnaires and interview guide. Frequencies and percentages were used to show the distribution of respondents on different items. The researcher concluded that teachers’ communication ability, subject command and social support had a positive significant influence on students’ academic performance in Geography. The study recommended teachers’ communication abilities should be developed such as accents, clarity, pronunciations to improve academic performance in Geography. Teachers of Geography should also maintain a high degree of geography knowledge through internet search to improve practical areas like photograph interpretation, should also involve in teacher development workshops to improve their Geography knowledge to boost students’ academic performance. Private Secondary schools should employ qualified teachers to Improve academic performance as it is a case with Public secondary schools.  

Factors affecting adoption of interest free banking service: case of bank of Abyssinia S.C Adama district

Habtamu Ditta Hirpo & Dr. AashkaThakkar

Interest free banking is the system of banking consistent with principles of Islamic law (Sharia) and guided by Islamic economics.Interest free banking is introduced as an alternative to conventional financing to satisfy Muslims’ particular requirements by offering them a financial service in accordance with the Islamic religious law (Sharia). Hence, this study was carried out with the view to identify factors affecting adoption of Interest free banking service with specific reference to Abyssinia Bank SC Adama District. Explanatory research design was used and the primary data were collected from 319 sampled IFB customers using a structured questionnaire through applying convenience method of sampling.Both descriptive and inferential statistics (correlation and regression) analysis were used to analyze the data.  The findings depicted as awareness, relative advantage, observable and compatibility wereattentive factors influencing adoption of interest free banking.Yet, Complexity has a negative significant influence on customers attitude toward adoption, in addition to the result also indicateda non-significant effect of customer perceived risk on interest free banking service.  

Effect of instructional conversation and gender on students achievement, retention and attitude in towards Physics

Bebenimibo, Job (Ph.D.)

The article certified the effect of Instructional Conservation and Gender on students’ achievement, retention, and attitude in Senior School Physics in Delta State. The theoretical framework on which the study was anchored is Vygotsky’s Social Development Theory. The study employed a non-equivalent pre-test post-test quasi-experimental design. Three (3) research null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. A sample size of ninety one(91) SS II physics students from three (3) public senior schools in Delta State was involved. They were taught physics concepts using Instructional Conversation in the experimental groups consisted of ninety one (91) students. The instruments used were Physics Achievement Test (PAT) and Physics Students Attitude Questionnaires (PSAQ). The instruments were validated by experts in physics and science education, with reliability indices of 0.79 for PAT and 0.73 for PSAQ. The data received were analyzed using Mean, Standard Deviation, and Independent t-test. The findings revealed that Instructional Conversation was unbiased pertaining to physics students’ achievement, retention, and attitude owing to their gender. Emphatically, the study stated that utilizing Instructional Conversation in teaching senior school physics is appropriate; due to the unbiased learning prospect it offered the physics learners.   

Enhancing Students Performance in External Examination through Teachers Professional Development and Induction in Delta State, Nigeria

Anho, Okiemute Roseline

The study specifically examined the role of teacher’s professional development and induction in the enhancement of students’ performance in external examination. Ex-post facto survey design was adopted, the population comprised 14,745 teachers in 452 public secondary schools in the twenty (25) local government area of Delta state selected from the three senatorial districts. The stratified random sampling technique was used to draw a sample of 1475 respondents from three senatorial districts of the state. The instrument used for the study was self-developed questionnaire titled “Influence of Teachers Development on the Quality of Education Questionnaire” (ITDQEQ) which contains 66 items and West African Examination Council Results of 2018and students’ performance in the external examination.  The research questions were answered using mean (?) scores and standard deviation. Based on the result from the analysis, it was concluded that that teachers’ professional development and induction, enhance students’ performance in external examination in Delta State. The study recommend that, principals and Parent Teachers Association (PTA) should encourage teachers to participate in any professional development that will bring positive influence on quality of education.  

Ecosystem Management Framework for Overcoming the Challenges of Public Sector Innovation

Dr. Petra Jeffery

This paper proposes a framework for overcoming the identified coordination and orchestration challenges in public sector innovation. Public sector driven innovation is essential for socio-techno-economic development on municipal and national level, as well as for the coordination of public and private sector interests in these paradigm changes. It is also essential for the implementation of national innovation and economic development strategies, empowerment of local business, and engagement of citizens. In our deductive review of earlier research we found that public sector innovation challenges are mainly related to organizational, interaction based, interest driven and context related challenges. Apparent research gap was identified in the holistic approach to overall management of these multi-stakeholder initiatives. We apply an ecosystem approach to public sector innovation, and propose a management framework for the implementation of public sector innovations as instruments to implement innovation policies. Building on earlier research and a representative case study, the paper presents a model for early user and broad stakeholder engagement in the strategy process, from the definition of shared national vision and innovation priorities, to the clear articulation of role division, collaboration models and initiatives in the implementation of the strategies. This ultimately involves the transformation of the ecosystem dynamics, and proposed best practices to manage this transformation. This paper contributes to contemporary research on public sector innovations and ecosystem innovation management literature.It further presents a representative case study for validation and further elaboration of literature based classifications of public sector innovations.The paper’s key epistemic contribution is adding evidence to the body of research in public sector innovation. The practical contribution comes in form of managerial recommendations for public policy makers through more clarity on this transformation process with typologies of actors, motives and management practices for ecosystem based co-creation.The limitation of the paper is that it is based on a single case study. This limitation is overcome by rigorous methodological approach to data collection and strong benchmarking with the best in class public sector innovation hubs word wide.   

Road traffic accident casualties and safety culture on Nigerian roads: the way forward

Atubi, Augustus Orowhigo (Ph.D.)

Nigeria, Africa’s largest country and economy by population and gross domestic products (GDP), loses as much as three percent of her GDP to road crashes. Growing vehicle ownership and rapid urbanisation across the continent are factors which have increased the incidence of road accidents. World Bank, has underscored the significance of reducing road traffic deaths and injuries as that would result in substantial long-term income gains for Nigeria and other low and middle income countries. Apart from the human losses that accident brings, road accidents are not economically sustainable. Studies estimate that road accidents come at a cost equivalent to about 3% of the gross domestic product (GDP) in countries with a high GDP per capital. Nigeria loses about 80billion naira annually to road accidents. Of all subjects that are involved in road traffic accidents in Nigeria, 29.1 percent suffer disability and 13.5 percent are unable to return to work. It has been projected that road traffic injuries will be the second most common cause of disability – adjusted life year loss in developing countries by the year 2030.  

An exploratory study using the first-person role-playing game Tattva Bhoomi to improve learning in middle school children:A quasi-experimental study

Chaitanya Solanki and DJ. Mathew

The advent of new technologies has revealed their pervasive nature, which has created a need for interactive content that utilizes the potential well. Digital games for education are such content that can be defined as learning applications that apply themselves to impart not just knowledge, but entertainment as well. The effective development of educational games is of utmost importance as the gaming and education industry hold in themselves vast swathes of untapped opportunities. Especially in India, where both the domains are now growing significantly. The gaming industry has been projected to grow to 169 billion INR in 2025 (1), while edtech (educational technology) is estimated to reach 780 billion INR by 2025 (2). This reveals the need for tools that can utilize the combined potential of edtech with gaming in India. The following research describes the development and testing of the game-based learning application Tattva Bhoomi that ties in with the above discussion about the edtech sector and the gaming industry. Chemistry is a subject with nuance and unique characteristics, which can potentially be improved with a technology-oriented approach that supports conventional learning in class. Tattva Bhoomi is a game-based learning application (GBL) developed to teach students about concepts primarily from chemistry but also provides secondary information from other subjects such as geography and social science. The paper is composed of two parts where the first section describes the iterative development of the game within the context of the design criteria generated by Solanki and Mathew (2021) for effective educational and multimedia development of games (3). The second section describes the use of a single group pre-test post-test quasi-experimental design to report on the effectiveness of this GBL on 38 school students between the ages of 11 and 17. The data on understanding elemental concepts of chemistry were collected using a 14-item questionnaire and the analysis was performed through a paired sample t-test method. The results gained through the analysis shed light on the effectiveness of using educational games-based applications as support structures within the modern classroom to enhance learning.  

Effect of strategic thinking on performance of small and medium enterprises in Nigeria: empirical approach

Onoriode, Omorho Humphrey (Ph.D) & Agbele, George (Ph.D)

The study examined Strategic Thinking and Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises in South-South Nigeria. In our contemporary business environment, there is still a widespread agreement that strategic thinking is important for efficient management of firms (big or small, private or public), but it is absent or at best lacking. The wrong conception and bias mind of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) owners over the years toward strategic thinking, arguing that the practice is for multinational organizations; was the motivating factor for this research. The objectives of this study were basically to investigate the effect of cognitive ability, forecasting and creativity ability on the performance of small and medium enterprises. The descriptive survey design was used for the study. The population of the study was 8,119 stationery stores that are registered with Corporate Affairs Commission and Ministry of Commerce and Industry of their respective states. Instruments used for data collection was a structured questionnaire. The questionnaire was checked for reliability using pilot survey method. 366 copies of questionnaire were administered to the respondents; selected SMEs (stationery dealers) with 92.20% (352) response rate were obtained. The hypotheses were tested using regression method, Pearson product moment correlation coefficient with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22. Statistical values of 0.026, 0.431 and 0.665 for cognitive ability, forecasting and creativity ability were obtained respectively at 5% (0.05) level of significant. The results of the analysis revealed that the performance of SMEs is dependent on strategic thinking (ST) variables; forecasting and creative ability, except cognitive ability which insignificantly influenced SMEs performance in the area under study. Based on the findings, the study concluded that forecasting and creative ability have positive and significant relationship with SMEs performance while insignificant relationship exists between cognitive ability and performance of SMEs. The study recommends among others; that there should be brainstorming among SMEs business owners because the free flowing energy generated by the team becomes the genesis of ideas that produce useful results. Furthermore, employers should ensure that there is inclusion of employees in the planning process as this greatly create positive impression in the mind of employees that encourages positive thinking that open doors for job satisfaction. In addition, SMEs business owners should strategically and continuously scan the business environment for effective utilization of business opportunity towards achieving set goals.  

Announcements

➡ Papers are invite for publication in 71 Number (December 2022)

➡ Last date of submission of research paper within 31.12.2022

➡ Innovations is active Scopus indexed journal

➡ Scopus Cite score (2021) 00.90 and Scientific Journal Ranking (2021) 0.228

➡ Journal update make in every 15 days