Innovations is internationally peer-reviewed journal. Innovations aim to publish original research articles and review articles in diverse fields of Social Sciences and related. This is non-profit, non-stock refereed scientific journal in the world. Innovations is quarterly publication with non-commercial purpose. Innovations Journal has been indexed in the well-known world databases such as Scopus and Cosmos . Innovations recognized as a primary instrument for projecting and supporting the goals and objectives, which include scholarly research and the free exchange of ideas. Innovations appreciate systematic reviews, original papers, and peer-reviewed research on all aspects of social science and some field of Science.
Transport Management with Intelligent Transportation Systems for Public Transportation in Bhopal Smart City
Mann Yadav, Dr. Rajeev Jain, Sanjay Saraswat
Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) play a vital role in managing public transportation in Bhopal Smart City, aiming to enhance the efficiency and safety of the city's transportation network. This dissertation explores the implementation of ITS technologies to improve traffic management, reduce congestion, and enhance the overall transportation experience for users. Real-time traffic monitoring, advanced traffic management systems, and intelligent transportation management systems are among the key ITS technologies deployed. The application of ITS technologies in public transportation systems, specifically buses and trains, is a major focus in Bhopal Smart City. Real-time traffic monitoring systems provide transport operators with up-to-date information on traffic conditions, enabling them to modify routes and schedules to minimize delays. Sophisticated traffic management systems analyze traffic patterns and optimize traffic flow by adjusting traffic lights and control devices using data from various sources, including cameras and sensors. Moreover, intelligent transportation management technologies are implemented to enhance the overall transportation experience for users. Passenger information systems provide real-time updates on bus and rail schedules, assisting travelers in better planning their journeys. Mobile ticketing and payment systems simplify and improve the convenience of using public transportation, allowing users to pay fares and purchase tickets using their mobile phones. By leveraging ITS technologies, Bhopal Smart City aims to optimize traffic management, enhance public transportation services, and offer a seamless and efficient transportation experience for its residents and visitors. The integration of real-time monitoring, advanced management systems, and intelligent transportation solutions contributes to the city's vision of a modern and sustainable transportation network. In conclusion, Bhopal Smart City's efforts to transform its public transportation system have come to rely heavily on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). The city works to increase efficiency, reduce congestion, and improve user experiences through the use of real-time traffic monitoring, sophisticated traffic management, and intelligent transportation management technologies. In order for the city to realise its goal of a cutting-edge, environmentally friendly, and user-focused transportation network, ITS technologies are essential.
Developing a Frame Work towards Effective Open Innovation in Tech Startups: Proposal Development
N. P. Samarasinghe, T. C. Sandanayake & G. D. Samarasinghe3
Tech startups are vital entities in the business context that are contributing to the economic and social development of the country. Tech startups are a booming industry segment in Sri Lanka; hence the sector faces many economic and social issues. Quite a large number of tech startupst end to fail and discontinue in their first five years of operation due to different reasons. The most prominent reason for tech startup failure is a mismatch between product and market. This issue has been captured by smart and innovative startups by identifying its failure factors at the beginning stages. Hence, this study focused on developing a framework collaboratively combining outside-in open innovation practices with potential absorptive capacity and environmental dynamism, which is leading to achieving a proper match between product and market in Sri Lankan tech startups while exploiting external collaborations
Current Situation of Performance Pay Satisfaction of Chinese University Teachers - A Survey of N Universities
JunJun Zhou & Gemma M. Perey
Given the current performance pay distribution method implemented at N University, this paper conducted a survey and research on the current performance pay satisfaction of full-time teachers at N University with performance pay . The results show that teachers in N universities are generally dissatisfied with performance pay , with an average value of 2.47. It is found that the proportion of performance pay in the total pay is small, which leads to the weak incentive effect of performance pay. In addition, most teachers are not satisfied with the current performance pay , believing that the effort does not match the return and that the current performance pay cannot truly reflect their performance level.
Vocational Mentoring on Practical Skill Engagement: The Mediating Role of Vocational Identity and Practical Skills Motivation Beliefs
Agbogidi Ogheneakpobor Goodnews & Chinyere Theresa Ogbuanya
The study investigated mediating roles of vocational identity and practical skills motivational beliefs on the relationship between vocational mentoring and practical skills engagement among Automobile Technology students in technical colleges in Delta State. In line with these, five research hypotheses were tested. The study employed quasi-experimental research design. The population of the study was 444 year 2 and 3 Automobile Technology students. The sample was made up of 137 Automobile students, which consisted of 81 in the intervention group and 56 in the control group. The questionnaire and rating scale used for data collection were validated by experts, and the overall reliability coefficients were 0.86 and 0.84respectively. Data analysis were carried out using bivariate correlationand Bias Corrected (BO) bootstrap of regression estimates. The moderating effect of gender and age were found not significant except for moderating effect of age on vocational mentoring and practical skill engagement that was significant. It was therefore, recommended among others that technical colleges should have periodic vocational mentoring to foster students’ vocational identity and enhance their Practical skills motivational beliefs and engagement.
Management Practices and Leadership Competence in Financial Sector: The Case of Privet Commercial Banks in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Dr. Biruk Hundito Lodebo
The major purpose of this study was to investigate the Management practices and leadership competence in financial sector: the case of privet commercial Banks in addisababa, Ethiopia. The main issues considered factors that affect the Management practices and leadership competence in Financial sector of privet commercial Banks. To this end, descriptive survey method was employed. The data collected by Questionnaires from selected Bank employer and managers. The target population of this study was from selected four top two and bottom two privet commercial bank from 2021 working year by using purposive sampling techniques. The total number of participants in this study was 4x25(N=100) employers and managers. The research applied for this study was a quantitative approach in nature. After data were collected, the raw data were entered into the computer and were analysed by SPSS Software (Version 20). Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data depending on the nature of the basic research questions, appropriate statistical techniques such as Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and Shapiro-Wilk test was used to test the normality of data distribution, mean, standard deviation, ANOVA (analysis of variance) were used for data analysis. The level of significance is set at 0.05 alpha levels. The researcher assumption/hypothesis of this study was: There is no significant difference between Management Practices and Leadership competence in financial sector employer indices Privet commercial Bankin Ethiopia. Finally, the study findings were indicated that: there is significant difference between Management Practices and Leadership competence in financial sector employer indices Privet commercial Bankin Ethiopia, There is no significant difference between Management Practices and Leadership competence in financial sector employer their Age, Educational level and Experience indices Privet commercial Bankin Ethiopia. Finally there was is positive correlation between the variables of Management Practices and Leadership competence of employer indices Privet commercial Bankin Ethiopia.
A Study on the Problems of Sports Commitment and Athlete Satisfaction of Oromia League Football Clubs In Case of West, East and Horro Guduru wollega Zones, Ethiopia
Dr .Biruk Hundito
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the problems of sports commitment and athlete satisfaction of Oromia league football clubs in the West, East and HorroGuduruwollega zones. Descriptive survey method was designed and approached as a quantitative method. The data was collected by questionnaires. The research data was collected from sports commitment and athlete satisfaction variables. The target population of this study was (3x30=90) andthe researcher selected by using purposive sampling techniques. The data was analysed by SPSS Software (Version 20). Such as mean standard deviation, one-way ANOVA and correlational analysis. The level of significance is 0.05 alpha level. The researchers hypothesis of this study was: (1) There is no significant difference between sports commitments and player satisfaction indices in all selected Oromia league football wollega zones.(2)There is no significant difference between sports commitments and player satisfaction indices in all selected Oromia league football wollega zones.(3)There is no correlation between the variables of sports commitments and player satisfaction indices in all selected Oromia league football wollega zones. Finally, the study findings were indicated that: (a)There is no significant difference between sports commitment and athlete satisfaction of Oromia league football clubs.(b) There is no significant difference between player age and sports commitment in Oromia league football clubs in the West, East and HorroGuduruwollega zones.(c) There is no significant difference between player age and athlete satisfaction in Oromia league football clubs in the West, East and HorroGuduruwollega zones. Based on the research findings the following recommendations were forwarded: The club management and players’ should be made a positive linkage and improvement between sports commitmentsand player satisfaction,All clubs management staff and coaching staff should promote Sport commitment andplayer satisfaction.Workshops and short-term training can be held for all of sports management staff and players.
Effect of Audit Committee Characteristics on Tax Aggressiveness of Listed Financial Firms in Nigeria
Salisu Saad, Onoja E. Emmanuel, Akubo Daniel
This study examines the effect of audit committee characteristics on tax aggressiveness of listed financial firms in Nigeria. The population comprises all the listed financial firms in Nigeria and filtering method was used to arrive at forty-three (43) sampled firms covering the periods of 2012 to 2021. The data were analysed using Pearson correlation matrix, Variance Inflation Factor, Doornik Hansen Normality Test, Heteroskedasticity test, Breusch-Pagan Lagrangian Multiplier Test, Hausman Specification Tests and Wald Test while hypotheses were tested using robust random effect (REM) regression model. The results show that audit committee financial expertise has a significant negative effects on tax aggressiveness of listed financial firms in Nigeria for the period under review. The results also show that audit committee diligence has an insignificant negative effects on tax aggressiveness of listed financial firms in Nigeria for the period under review. The study recommends that the audit committee meetings should be carried out regularly at least one (1) in every quarter to attend to some urgent issues that arise in the organization. This will increase the level of diligence of the audit committee members and subsequently reduce tax aggressive of quoted financial firms in Nigeria. The study also recommends that the number of the audit committee members with financial knowledge should be increased to two-third to enhance the level of diligence in their works and reduce the level of tax aggressiveness of quoted financial firms in Nigeria.
The Effect of Organizational Environment on Innovativeness, Diversification and Research and Development – A Study of the Indian Pharmaceutical Industry
Ashaawari Datta Chaudhuri, Anindita Basu, Tamal Datta Chaudhuri
Problem: The paper explores whether the organizational environment of pharmaceutical companies in India have encouraged innovativeness, have helped in diversification and identification of product areas with growth potential, and whether have supported it with allocation of funds for Research and Development for sustained growth. Methodology: Text mining is used to derive frequency of key words from annual reports of Indian Pharmaceutical companies for different years. The key words represent innovativeness, research and development and organizational environment. The latter is represented by factors like leadership, market orientation, technology orientation, human resource management and customer orientation. Suitable metrics are defined and applied for the analysis.Findings: The sample consists of 37 Indian pharmaceutical companies that are listed on the stock exchanges. Our analysis shows that companies with high organizational score have encouraged innovativeness. There is a weak positive relationship between innovation orientation and expenditure on R & D. Not all companies are interested in diversifying or experimenting in new areas.Conclusion: The paper will be useful to policy makers, as before embarking on designing incentive structures and investments in centralized R & D facilities, they should also understand the mind-set of the companies, their abilities and their eagerness to experiment with new ideas. Otherwise, these facilities will remain underutilized. The paper will be useful to companies to understand their organizational environment and points of intervention for future sustained growth.