Innovations is internationally peer-reviewed journal. Innovations aim to publish original research articles and review articles in diverse fields of Social Sciences and related. This is non-profit, non-stock refereed scientific journal in the world. Innovations is quarterly publication with non-commercial purpose. Innovations Journal has been indexed in the well-known world databases such as Scopus and Cosmos . Innovations recognized as a primary instrument for projecting and supporting the goals and objectives, which include scholarly research and the free exchange of ideas. Innovations appreciate systematic reviews, original papers, and peer-reviewed research on all aspects of social science and some field of Science.
Working Capital Management and Enterprise Value Added Empirical Evidence from Listed Non-Financial Firms in Nigeria
Edeh Lawrence, Eyuche Onyewuchi Veronica (PhD) , Oyekezie Kingsley Sunday , Ogboi Emeke
Based on working capital management theory framework, this study x-rays the link between cash conversion cycle and firm performance. Particularly, this aim of this study is to explore a critical tool of working capital management by examining a sample of seventy-two (72) listed non-financial firms in Nigeria over a ten (10) year period ranging from 2010 to 2019. Working capital management measure considered in this study is the cash conversion cycle which also is the independent variable while firm performance (dependent variable) is proxied as Enterprise Value Added. In this study, robust standard error regression analyses technique was employed to analyze the panel data set collated from annual financials of the sampled non-financial listed firms. The finding indicates that lengthening cash conversion cycle indeed does hinder firm performance in the context of enterprise value addition. This finding is consistent with the views of working capital management theory which suggest that managers must acquit themselves with happenings in the control of inventories, receivables and payables since they all affect cash positions. Therefore, the researcher recommend that managers should improve their companies’ value performance by shortening cash conversion cycle period since such actions will improve cash flow position which should go a long way to benefit financial managers daily activities of the organization.
Seeking consensus: determining the storm surge perception of students and its context paradigms
Kyla A. Rodriguez, Ma. Loida D. Irabagon, Danilo S. Vargas
Eight years after Typhoon Yolanda (also known as Typhoon Haiyan) devastated the southern region of the country, the lingering quest for consensus on the local translation of storm surge has been a subject of debate even today. Scholars of disasters argue that there is a need to trouble the assumed uniformity of disaster meanings in the same manner that scholars argue for an intersectional analysis of vulnerabilities as shaped by the lack of disaster planning, disaster response and disaster recovery. This research inquires: How can the consensus of storm surge in local language can create shared meaning in the Philippines? How can the collection of cultural contexts can help improve its shared meanings in the local translation? How does the understanding of the local meaning of what the storm surge evokes can affect the public's risk perception? Conducted via online interviews and analyzed through thematic analysis, this research analyzed the CLSU-CASS students storm surge perception and inquired about their existing knowledge on the local translation and risk perception on the said phenomena. The research result show that respondents locally understood storm surge as 'awiwit' (converging/diverging waves) and 'daluyong' (long amplitudes of waves driven by wind) with a heavy reference to 'Tromba Marina'. Further, most of the themes emerged from understanding the risk of storm surge lacks shared meaning, is generalized and vague. Most of the description of the risk of storm surge provided leans more toward storm's wind velocity and rainfall rather than the storm surges capacity to drown and obliterate. This said, most of the action made by the respondents and their observation in their communities do not match the disaster response on how to avoid the risk of storm surge. The key insight from the study is that alignment, consistency, and uniform local definition of storm surge is needed. Further, veering away from the outdated paradigm of a top-down kind of information dissemination from weather agencies to the public is also equally important. Serious consideration on differences and gaps in language, literacy, and access on information of the population must also be addressed.
Redirecting National and Global Security Issues: The Role of Human Kinetics, Recreation and Sports
Singer, C.E (Ph.D.)
The paper examined sport as a means of redirecting national and global security issues. A brief background of the paper was stated where sport was described as a powerful tool that lead to national development and security. A number of related literatures were reviewed in the paper. However, the paper examined the provision of funds for sports in redirecting national and global security issues. It was concluded that if deliberate and conscious efforts are made with genuine commitment and sincerity by the government and sport bodies in the provision of funds for sports, the issue of security will be drastically reduced. It was recommended among others that funds for sports should be given the rightful place in the society and that adequate funds should be provided for management of sports in order to redirect national and global security issues through sports.
A national survey of multidisciplinary outpatient clinics for Dementia care in teaching hospitals in India
Jessy Fenn, Sanju George, CT Sudhir Kumar
Problem: Dementia is a major cause of disability and dependency which requires coordinated action across professional boundaries. In multidisciplinary dementia care teams, various professionals bring their expertise which complements patient care. Medical colleges with attached hospitals go through a rigorous process to obtain necessary recognition to be a teaching centre often considered centres of excellence as they offer many facilities which other government hospitals do not offer. However, we do not have enough information about existence of multidisciplinary outpatient clinics for dementia care even in such higher centres. This survey was conducted to understand the details of multidisciplinary inputs in outpatient clinics in assessment and management of patients with dementia in National Medical Council(Medical Council of India) approved teaching hospitals in India. Methodology: Purposive sampling method was used to select 78 medical colleges. A short survey form specifically designed for the purpose of the study, consisted of questions to evaluate the services offered by the centre for patients with dementia in the outpatient clinic focusing on inputs from multidisciplinary team members including psychologists, social workers and nurses were emailed to them. Results: Completed survey forms were returned by 44 centres with 56.4% response rate. All respondents reported that patients with dementia are seen, diagnosed using internationally accepted diagnostic criteria, and manged in their centres with appropriate follow ups and reviews. Multidisciplinary outpatient clinics: Among the respondents, 19 (43.2%) centres had multidisciplinary outpatient clinics while 25 (56.8%) centres did not have such a facility. 9 (47.4%) centres reported having multidisciplinary memory clinics; 4 (21%) having multidisciplinary psychogeriatric clinics and 6 (31.6%) centres having general multidisciplinary general psychiatric outpatient services. Among the nine memory clinics 8 (89%) had psychologists, 7 (78%) had social workers and 5 (56%) had nursing staff. All four psychogeriatric clinics had psychologists while 2 (50%) had social workers and 1 (25%) had nurse working in them. All six general psychiatry clinics had psychologists and nursing staff while 4 (67%) had social workers. Six (14%) centres had inputs from voluntary organisations. Services of psychologists, social workers and nurses were available and accessible even when they were not working specifically as part of the multidisciplinary outpatient clinic.Among the study participants, psychology services were available in 28 (63.7%) centres; services of a social worker were available in 24 (54.5%) centres.Nursing inputs were available in 22 (50%) centres.Overall, 31 (71%) centres had some degree of input from a professional other than a psychiatrist in the assessment and care of patients with dementia. They were contributing to assessment in 29 (94%) centres, offering advice to patients and family in 30 (97%) centres and psychoeducation in all centres. Conclusions: This survey demonstrates that significance of multidisciplinary working in dementia care is recognised to a certain degree in India. The role of social workers and psychologists are acknowledged in these clinics with them taking an active part in assessment and interventions including psychoeducation. Providing multidisciplinary memory clinic care need not always be expensive and large scale. There should be a collaborative approach in establishing appropriate dementia care services between various stakeholders including family members of people with dementia, general public, governmental and non-governmental agencies.
Awareness and Utilization of online TV streaming on content preference among university students in Niger state, Nigeria
Stanley Uzoamaka Ugboaja, Luke .Ifeanyi. Anorue
The advent of online television streaming has changed the media landscape by providing the audience with novel platforms to watch their favourite media content with a variety of gadgets. This study investigated students’ awareness and utilisation of online TV streaming in Niger state, Nigeria. The study design was survey while questionnaire was used for data collection. The study comprised 41, 241 undergraduates and postgraduates students from two selected tertiary institutions, one federal university and one state university as at 2020/2021 academic session in Niger State. Using the Slovin's Formula, the sample size determined for the study was 396. The data collected was analysed using simple frequencies and percentages (%). The data obtained was also analyzed and the hypotheses tested using SPSS, version 20 (SPSS Inc, Chicago, II) and Chi square test of independence. The theoretical framework adopted for the study was the uses and gratification theory and the technology acceptance model. The study found that the majority of the respondents were highly aware and knowledgeable about online television streaming. In addition, knowledge of television streaming positively influenced respondents’ utilisation. The study concludes that respondents are not only aware and knowledgeable but also utilize online television streaming. The study, therefore, recommends that government should invest in broadband infrastructure to make internet accessible to students and other citizens.
Effect of Gagne Learning Hierarchy on Students Achievement, Retention and Attitude in Secondary School Physics in Delta State, Nigeria
Agboghoroma, T. E. (Ph.D.) Bebenimibo, Job (Ph.D.) & Akpokiniovo, Samuel Rukevwe
This study examined the effects of Gagne’s learning hierarchy on students’ achievement, retention and attitude in Secondary School Physics in Delta State. The theoretical framework in which the study was anchored on is Ausubel’s Cognitive Theory (1963). The study employed a 2x3 factorial non-equivalent pre-test post-test control group design. Three (3) research questions and three (3) null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. A sample size of two hundred and eleven (211) SS II Physics Students from six (6) public secondary schools in Delta State were involved. These were taught physics utilizing Gagne’s Learning Hierarchy in the experimental groups made up of one hundred and sixteen (116) students and lecture method the control group utilized ninety-five (95) students. The instrument used were Physics Achievement Test (PAT) and Physics Students Attitude Scale. The instrument were validated by experts in science education. Reliability indices of 0.79 for PAT and 0.73 for Attitude Scale. The data collected were analyzed using Mean, Standard Deviation and Independent t-test. The findings showed that Gagne’s Learning Hierarchy has positive effects on physics students’ achievement, retention and attitude. It was recommended among other things, that physics teachers should adopt the use of Gagne’s Learning Hierarchy in teaching secondary school physics. Government agencies responsible for teacher development programmes should train physics teachers on the use of Gagne’s Learning Hierarchy to enable the physics teachers construct effective lesson plans on this innovative and collaborative instructional strategy.
Application of RST and Frame Net in Second Language Teaching
Dr. Soumya Sankar Ghosh
In Second Language Teaching (SLT), reading comprehension through literature is always a difficult task since it calls for numerous levels of understanding from both the learners' and the teachers' perspectives. The structural intricacy and underlying meaning of the text that the students are studying are frequently difficult for the students to comprehend. However, we must equally admit that one of the most well-liked methods of teaching a language is through the use of literature to teach reading comprehension. A literary text has a vast quantity of cultural knowledge, a rich vocabulary, and sophisticated sentence construction. It enables the student to broaden their knowledge in new areas.The study suggests a teaching-learning model using the flipped learning methodology after taking into account both the difficulties and the potential. It makes it possible for the student to successfully and effectively gain reading comprehension when learning a second language.
Farmers Knowledge and Adoption of Good Agricultural Practices in Rice Production
Ciara Mae J. Barreda, Maria Loida D. Irabagon, Marjorie N. Manlulu
The study entitled “Farmers’ Knowledge and Adoption of Good Agricultural Practices in Rice Production” determined the level of knowledge and extent of adoption of rice farmers about good agricultural practices (GAP) in rice production and its relationship to farmers’ socio-demographic characteristics. The study involved fifty (50) farmers selected thru simple random sampling. Both qualitative and quantitative data were gathered in this study.Pearson correlation was used to test the relationship of variables. Major findings reveal that almost all of the respondents were highly knowledgeable about the said practices. Similarly, almost all of them are regularly adopting the said practices in rice production except for the conduct of soil analysis before land preparation as they found the service expensive. Hence, respondents of the study do not fully practice GAP. Based on the correlation result, farmers’ age, educational attainment, years of farming, and annual income were highly significant with the farmers’ level of knowledge and extent of adoption of good agricultural practices in rice production. Moreover, the farmers’main and secondary source of agricultural information were their co-farmers and via seminars. Very few identified extension workers as a source of said information. While information, education, and communication (IEC) materials were identified by some as their source of information about the said practices, respondents found those materials ineffective due to the language used and technical words or jargon present in the material. This study recommends that agricultural services like soil analysis should be made affordable if not free among the farmers to enable adopters to fully practice the GAP in rice production. It is also recommended that the IEC materials being used to disseminate information about the said practicesbe tailored fit to the profile of the farmers to make the contents understandable to them. Extension workers play a crucial role in delivering the agricultural technologies in the field as they serve as a walking medium that uses the same language as farmers. This study then suggeststhat theiractivities be intensifiedby regularly visiting the farmers to enable them to address their concerns clearly and promptly. Also, sinceextension workers workclosely with the farmers, extension workers can easily determine and relate to their problems. This would aid in the efficient delivery of agricultural information, thereby, help hasten the full adoption of recommended technologies/practices under GAP.