Innovations is internationally peer-reviewed journal. Innovations aim to publish original research articles and review articles in diverse fields of Social Sciences and some field of science. This is non-profit, non-stock refereed scientific journal in the world. Innovations is quarterly publication with non-commercial purpose. Innovations Journal has been indexed in the well-known world databases such as Emerging sources citation index - Web of Science, Scopus and Cosmos, Google Scholar, Road. Innovations recognized as a primary instrument for projecting and supporting the goals and objectives, which include scholarly research and the free exchange of ideas. Innovations appreciate systematic reviews, original papers, and peer-reviewed research on all aspects of social science and some field of Science.

Call for Paper

➡ Papers are invite for publication in 76 Number (March 2024) ➡ You can find our journal in Cairn International database also but not in Taylor & Francis publication, please check all information carefully before publishing your valuable paper.➡ Innovations is active Scopus and Scimago indexed journal➡ Scopus Cite score (2023) 01.00 and Scientific Journal Ranking (2023) 0.255➡ Journal update make in every 15 days
Current Issue

Gender Disparity in Mobility Choices of Traders: A Case Study of Osogbo, Nigeria

Adenike Shima-kohol, Oluwakoya, Seun Ogundipe; Aderonke Julian Ojo & Ademola Benson Irinyemi


The gender constraint in mobility and accessibility to quality transport is often apparent in women more than men. It thus affects their ability to engage in meaningful economic activities.In Nigerian cities, transportation playsa contributory role in promoting trading activities and distribution of goods across the sub-region, and given the fact that women active participation intrading enhances the overall economic development of these regions, there is need for an efficient urban transport with gender sensitivity. Most researches of urbanmobility have been carried out in developed countries withlittleevidence on this subject indeveloping countries such as Nigeria. The aim of this paper is toexamine gender disparities in the accessibilityand mobility choices of traders in Osogbo, Nigeria by exploring the impact of traders’socio demographic factors on modal choices of traders. A systematic sampling was also used to administer 302 questionnaires. Data collected were analyzed using simple chi square analysis and Binary Logistic regression. Results reveal thatmonthly income and driving status of female traders have significant effects on their modal choices and emphasized the need for a sustainable urban transport;it also highlighted the need to examine a gendered-based transportation planning and managementif the roles of women in our society are to be achieved.  

The Phenomenon of Donkey Visa A Migration Wave via Backdoor Channels

Gurleen Kaur


The India population majorly from Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir crosses border illegally with a dream to enter and settle in America. The illegal migration of the Indian population has increased swiftly over the years. They use the Donkey visa or flight to illegally enter the target country. The entry in the United States through the backdoor channels is the deadliest and the most dangerous journey in the world. They hire agentaka Donkers who charge 30- 50 lakhs and brain washes them to take to the destination and leave mid- way. Among a very few of them reach the destination because they have to face endless hurdles such as Mafia in jungles, Gang- violence, Gun- violence, all types of crimes, hunger, threat of forest animals, etc. After crossing the Mexico- US border, they surrender themselves to the border patrolling force of the United States, thereafter they apply for an asylum process through the lawyer which the agent makes them hire and fill asylum application. Among those, some people get deported and if lucky, get permanent asylum there. It is actually the process in which people are smuggled by the agents through the backdoor channels and routes to reach the target country. With a view to get a better quality of living with financial stability, people take visa- free- entries by back door entry. In this deadliest journey of donkey visa, many people die and disappear every year and their families back India are unaware whether they are alive. People take many routes to reach America as their agent suggests. Most popular route they reach through is south American corridor crossing Ecuador, Columbia, through Panama they reach Costa Rica then to the Mexico where they travel towards Tijuana Mexico- USA border and enter the United States. The other route which agents take through is via different flights and routes from India to Venezuela, Turkey, Dubai, Kazakhstan, Brazil, Argentina, they reach Panama and crosses El- Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala and reach to cross the Mexican border. Some people even after reaching Canada legally, they illegally try to enter the United States with a dream to earn American dollars and settle there. The process is affecting the illegal immigrants and the native population both. It is both social as well as an economic burden for the native government in the era of scarce resources where governments plan and make policies for the judicious use and saving of resources for future use. This becomes a problem for the native government to make a balance between the rights of immigrants and citizens. Migrating flow of population in an illegal manner impacts both themselves by the violation of their human rights and the target country in a number of ways. Also, their data is difficult to be collected and tracked.  

Strategic Issues Management and Economic Sustainability: A Study of Multinational Corporations

Ivwurie Emmanuel Aghogho , Anthony Aniagbaoso Igwe, Akpan, Ekom Etim


Multinational corporations play a pivotal role in shaping economies and societies, particularly in regions like South West Nigeria. Understanding how these corporations manage strategic issues and ensure economic sustainability is crucial for several reasons. Hence, this study investigated the relationship between strategic issues management (SIM) and economic sustainability of multinational corporations (MNCs) operating in South-West Nigeria. Using a cross sectional survey approach, the study collected data from 220 employees of MNCs. The study hypotheses were tested using partial least squares – structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) with the aid of SmartPLS 3.2.9. The result showed that strategic issues management (capability development and strategic thinking) had a positive and significant effect on economic sustainability. Thus, indicating that strategic issues management is a pivotal factor that contributes to the overall sustainability and success of multinational corporations. Based on the findings, it was recommended that the multinational corporations should harness capability development as a tool to drive economic sustainability, by positioning themselves for long-term growth, profitability, and success. This can be achieved by designing training programmes that focus on building skills and competencies that align with strategic goals and economic sustainability. The study contributes to the literature on SIM and sustainability in the context of emerging economies such as Nigeria.  

COVID 19 Vaccine Booster Acceptance and Hesitancy among Health Care Professional

Anupriya A, Prabhusaran N, Suganya R, Chitra Rajalakshmi P


Problem: COVID-19 continued to mutate and spread in 2022 despite the introduction of safe, effective vaccines and medications. In India, rates of COVID-19 vaccination are gradually improving, albeit unevenly and moreover, evidence suggested that the humoral response to vaccination is substantially reduced within 6 months, necessitating additional doses (including boosters) to achieve adequate levels of protection. Methodology: This study has its main objective to evaluate the acceptance rate of COVID-19 booster vaccine among HCPs. The structured questionnaire draft was adapted from previous studies of COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy which include demography, awareness about COVID-19 and variants, history of infection and vaccination, current threat about the infection and booster dose acceptance and hesitance. Findings: In this study, more than 72% of the participants accepted and they had better scientific knowledge about the importance of vaccines. On the other hand, 28% were hesitated to receive the vaccines predominantly due to the efficacy of the vaccine, as the vaccines were developed in the short duration and lesser trials done. Conclusion: This study has limitations including the questionnaire interviewed about general COVID-19 vaccine, whereas several COVID-19 vaccines, each with different efficacy results, are now being distributed.    

A Principal Component Analysis of Capital Structure and the Growth of Saccos in Lusaka Province

Fidelity Milambo, Dr Lubinda Haabazoka, Dr Erastus Mwanaumo


This study attempts to standardize Savings and Credit Cooperative Organization (SACCO) endogenous growth measures that include profit, membership, share capital, dividends, savings, employee competence, and the number of employees - by performing principal component analysis on 42 SACCOs drawn from Lusaka Province of Zambia. Using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 26.0, panel data were collected and analysed. Qualitative textual data was analysed manually using hierarchical coding frames. Quantitative data was used to estimate through multivariate analysis the impact of capital structure on SACCO growth, while random effect regression was utilized to estimate the actual effect of the variables on the growth. The research used structured interviews, literature reviews, and questionnaire surveys. Data was generated by pooling a panel dataset of 42 SACCOs over a five-year timespan from 2017 to 2021.The results of the study established that for every 1percent increase in savings, SACCOs grew by 0.17/100 units, while a 1percent increase in share capital led to a growth of 0.09/100 units – while every 1percent increase in retained earnings, SACCOs reduced by 0.00/100 units. Suffice it to mention that the relationship was statistically significant (p-value <0.05).  

Responsive Hybrid Learning Curriculum, Assessment, and Instruction in the Private Senior High School

Dr. Roselle G. Aniceto, Dr. Veronica M. Bito , Mr. Angelo V. Manis


Educators face the challenging task of designing a curriculum, assessment, and instruction that meets international, national, and school standards. The design and implementation are insufficientfor a responsive curriculum, assessment, and instruction, which is the focus of the study, to respond, resolve, and take action to further education. This study sought to determine the responsiveness of the curriculum, assessment, and instruction of basic education at the University of Baguio to 21st-century skills and Sustainable Development Goals integration. It utilized descriptive statistics to determine the level of responsiveness, and the contributing factors, they were drawn from the answers to open-ended questions included in the survey, in which they were coded and analyzed. From the results, a standards guide was formulated. Findings revealed that the University of Baguio's basic educationprogram is a progressive approach to education, integrating 21st-century competencies and Sustainable Development Goals into its hybrid learning framework. This approach equips students with skills for contemporary problems and fosters accountability for a sustainable future. The successful implementation of a responsive hybrid learning curriculum in a private senior high school requires stable internet resources, the integration of core subjects, and the selection of power competencies. With that, the Standards Compliance Guide, based on the Department of Education's K–12 Basic Education Program Policy Guidelines, aims to ensure teachers consistently adhere to required standards through document evaluation.  

Tribal Womens Empowerment Through SHG Microenterprise Activities A Study of Visakhapatnam District in Andhra Pradesh

Sadamalla Joshua Sujit & Professor G. Nagaraja


The SHG system is very beneficial to the tribal women's group. The Visakhapatnam district is devoid of SHG ties. When it comes to the factors that determine income by various independents, many studies, however, have more gaps than they fill and inadequate statistical methods for data analysis.  Programs that prioritize the development of indigenous women are desperately needed in undeveloped tribal lands.  Thus, this study aims to evaluate the SHG program in the selected mandals of Ananthagiri and Araku mandals in the Visakhapatnam district overall, as well as investigate the program's effects.Economists and politicians propose a unique income-generating strategy for women to further their development: they call these unorganized groups "self-help groupings" (SHGs). The SHG is one program designed to assist women in advancing socioeconomically. Research on the impact of Self-Help Groups (SHGs) on members' living conditions and household income has been carried out in Andhra Pradesh. Few studies have, however, compared the performance of SHGs in tribal groups. Furthermore, there is a paucity of studies assessing the efficacy of Self-Help Groups (SHGs) in the Visakhapatnam district that are affiliated with different tribal mandals. This study is an attempt to use that method.  

Correlation of Rounded Shoulder with Cardio-Respiratory Fitness and Psychosocial Health Status Among Adolescents An Observational Study

Janvhi Singh ,Sheenam Popli , Dharmita Yogeshwar , Pawan Kumar Ghosliya


Background –Body posture breakdown in and adolescents composes one of the most popular yet underestimated health problem. The alteration in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), lower vital capacity of the lungs, and low back pains, as well as the movement of the internal organs are just some of the results of untreated incorrect body posture. In adolescents with overweight generally seem to have prevalence of incorrect body posture. Method – A cross-sectional study was conducted among college going adolescents. Participants were included in the study who have aged between 11-19 years of age and both males and females were taken in consideration. A total sample of 380 adolescents was taken from NIMS College of Physiotherapy.  To assess rounded shoulder we have used Pectoralis minor index method, for cardiorespiratory assessment we have used 6 Minute walk test, and for psychosocial health we have used psychosocial health status questionnaire. Result -Results shows that rounded shoulder and psychosocial health status is negatively correlated with cardiorespiratory fitness. Conclusion- Present study concludes that rounded shoulder, cardiorespiratory fitness, psychosocial health status are correlated with each other. Rounded shoulder and altered psychological status affects the respiratory muscles which will eventually lead to poorer cardiorespiratory health.  


➡ Papers are invite for publication in 76 Number (March 2024)

➡ You can find our journal in Cairn International database also but not in Taylor & Francis publication, please check all information carefully before publishing your valuable paper.

➡ Innovations is active Scopus and Scimago indexed journal

➡ Scopus Cite score (2023) 01.00 and Scientific Journal Ranking (2023) 0.255

➡ Journal update make in every 15 days