Innovations is internationally peer-reviewed journal. Innovations aim to publish original research articles and review articles in diverse fields of Social Sciences and related. This is non-profit, non-stock refereed scientific journal in the world. Innovations is quarterly publication with non-commercial purpose. Innovations Journal has been indexed in the well-known world databases such as Scopus and Cosmos . Innovations recognized as a primary instrument for projecting and supporting the goals and objectives, which include scholarly research and the free exchange of ideas. Innovations appreciate systematic reviews, original papers, and peer-reviewed research on all aspects of social science and some field of Science.
Psycho-Social and Economic Factors Influencing Choice Of Clothing By Women In Colleges Of Education In Delta State, Nigeria
Nzei, Justina A. (PhD)
The main purpose of the study was to investigate the psycho-social and economic factors influencing the choice of clothing by women in Colleges of Education in Delta State, Nigeria. Three research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. It was a descriptive survey, and Ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. The population for the study was the female staff of the public Colleges of Education in Delta State which was 344 persons. Purposive sampling was used to select all the female staff in the department of Vocational/Technical Education in three public Colleges of Education in the three senatorial zones in Delta State, they are College of Education, Warri; College of Education, Mosogar; and College of Education, Agbor, comprising of 88 persons. A 29-item structured questionnaire on a 4-point scale was used to collect data. The data were analyzed using Mean ( ) and Standard Deviation which answered the research questions, and ANOVA which tested the null hypotheses.
Database Management System (DBMS): a strategy for emboldening accessibility and usage of information resources in public university libraries in Delta, Nigeria
Igere A. Mercy
The use of DBMS enables proper organisation of information resources for easy accessibility and usage. However, studies have shown potential low usage of information resources indicating poor management hence this study to determine Database Management System (DBMS): a Strategy for Emboldening Accessibility and Usage of Information Resources in Public University Library in Delta, Nigeria. Six objective were set to determine the forms of DBMS adopted by libraries, database systems software used, hardware(s) used, how accessible the information resources are in the library, the extent to which information resources are used and how often patrons use resources. Descriptive survey design was adopted to determine the current status of the work. The population of the study comprised 4250 which are registered users of the public university libraries in Delta State. A sample of 170 which is 4% of the entire population was drawn using simple random sampling technique. The Instrument consist of question on nominal scale, four scale and fie scale questions. Some of the Instruments were developed by the researchers while some were from previous research article. The instruments were validated by other experts in the field. Descriptive and influential statistics were used to analysed data. A mean of 2.5 was used as criterion mean such that any item below 2.5 was rejected. Results shows that manual DBMS is mostly in applied, Some computer based developing libraries make use of software like CDIS/ISIS, SLAM, Oracle and X-LIB and the hard wares such as CD/DVD drive, pen drive, think client, server and external hard disc. There is a low extent of usage of e-resources, low frequency of usage of e- resources within the library. The study recommended that libraries should adopt the computerized DBMS for effective organisation and transparency of the information resources to encourage high access/usage of e-resources.
Teachers Competencies and Students Academic Performance in Geography. A Comparison of Selected Private and Public Secondary Schools in Wakiso District, Uganda
Abubaker Mutebi & Kumari Nagaraja
The purpose of this study was to establish whether there was a relationship between teachers’ competencies and students’ academic performance in Geography in both Private and Public Secondary Schools in Wakiso District Uganda. The study was guided by three objectives, to examine the relationship between teachers’ communication ability and students’ academic performance in Geography. To find out the relationship between teachers’ command of the subject matter and students’ academic performance in Geography and to investigate the relationship between teachers’ social support and students’ academic performance in Geography as far as Wakiso district was concerned. A correlational, cross-sectional survey design was used to carry out the study. A sample of 44 respondents was selected to participate in the study. Data were collected with the use of questionnaires and interview guide. Frequencies and percentages were used to show the distribution of respondents on different items. The researcher concluded that teachers’ communication ability, subject command and social support had a positive significant influence on students’ academic performance in Geography. The study recommended teachers’ communication abilities should be developed such as accents, clarity, pronunciations to improve academic performance in Geography. Teachers of Geography should also maintain a high degree of geography knowledge through internet search to improve practical areas like photograph interpretation, should also involve in teacher development workshops to improve their Geography knowledge to boost students’ academic performance. Private Secondary schools should employ qualified teachers to Improve academic performance as it is a case with Public secondary schools.
Factors affecting adoption of interest free banking service: case of bank of Abyssinia S.C Adama district
Habtamu Ditta Hirpo & Dr. AashkaThakkar
Interest free banking is the system of banking consistent with principles of Islamic law (Sharia) and guided by Islamic economics.Interest free banking is introduced as an alternative to conventional financing to satisfy Muslims’ particular requirements by offering them a financial service in accordance with the Islamic religious law (Sharia). Hence, this study was carried out with the view to identify factors affecting adoption of Interest free banking service with specific reference to Abyssinia Bank SC Adama District. Explanatory research design was used and the primary data were collected from 319 sampled IFB customers using a structured questionnaire through applying convenience method of sampling.Both descriptive and inferential statistics (correlation and regression) analysis were used to analyze the data. The findings depicted as awareness, relative advantage, observable and compatibility wereattentive factors influencing adoption of interest free banking.Yet, Complexity has a negative significant influence on customers attitude toward adoption, in addition to the result also indicateda non-significant effect of customer perceived risk on interest free banking service.
Effect of instructional conversation and gender on students achievement, retention and attitude in towards Physics
Bebenimibo, Job (Ph.D.)
The article certified the effect of Instructional Conservation and Gender on students’ achievement, retention, and attitude in Senior School Physics in Delta State. The theoretical framework on which the study was anchored is Vygotsky’s Social Development Theory. The study employed a non-equivalent pre-test post-test quasi-experimental design. Three (3) research null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. A sample size of ninety one(91) SS II physics students from three (3) public senior schools in Delta State was involved. They were taught physics concepts using Instructional Conversation in the experimental groups consisted of ninety one (91) students. The instruments used were Physics Achievement Test (PAT) and Physics Students Attitude Questionnaires (PSAQ). The instruments were validated by experts in physics and science education, with reliability indices of 0.79 for PAT and 0.73 for PSAQ. The data received were analyzed using Mean, Standard Deviation, and Independent t-test. The findings revealed that Instructional Conversation was unbiased pertaining to physics students’ achievement, retention, and attitude owing to their gender. Emphatically, the study stated that utilizing Instructional Conversation in teaching senior school physics is appropriate; due to the unbiased learning prospect it offered the physics learners.
Enhancing Students Performance in External Examination through Teachers Professional Development and Induction in Delta State, Nigeria
Anho, Okiemute Roseline
The study specifically examined the role of teacher’s professional development and induction in the enhancement of students’ performance in external examination. Ex-post facto survey design was adopted, the population comprised 14,745 teachers in 452 public secondary schools in the twenty (25) local government area of Delta state selected from the three senatorial districts. The stratified random sampling technique was used to draw a sample of 1475 respondents from three senatorial districts of the state. The instrument used for the study was self-developed questionnaire titled “Influence of Teachers Development on the Quality of Education Questionnaire” (ITDQEQ) which contains 66 items and West African Examination Council Results of 2018and students’ performance in the external examination. The research questions were answered using mean (?) scores and standard deviation. Based on the result from the analysis, it was concluded that that teachers’ professional development and induction, enhance students’ performance in external examination in Delta State. The study recommend that, principals and Parent Teachers Association (PTA) should encourage teachers to participate in any professional development that will bring positive influence on quality of education.
Ecosystem Management Framework for Overcoming the Challenges of Public Sector Innovation
Dr. Petra Jeffery
This paper proposes a framework for overcoming the identified coordination and orchestration challenges in public sector innovation. Public sector driven innovation is essential for socio-techno-economic development on municipal and national level, as well as for the coordination of public and private sector interests in these paradigm changes. It is also essential for the implementation of national innovation and economic development strategies, empowerment of local business, and engagement of citizens. In our deductive review of earlier research we found that public sector innovation challenges are mainly related to organizational, interaction based, interest driven and context related challenges. Apparent research gap was identified in the holistic approach to overall management of these multi-stakeholder initiatives. We apply an ecosystem approach to public sector innovation, and propose a management framework for the implementation of public sector innovations as instruments to implement innovation policies. Building on earlier research and a representative case study, the paper presents a model for early user and broad stakeholder engagement in the strategy process, from the definition of shared national vision and innovation priorities, to the clear articulation of role division, collaboration models and initiatives in the implementation of the strategies. This ultimately involves the transformation of the ecosystem dynamics, and proposed best practices to manage this transformation. This paper contributes to contemporary research on public sector innovations and ecosystem innovation management literature.It further presents a representative case study for validation and further elaboration of literature based classifications of public sector innovations.The paper’s key epistemic contribution is adding evidence to the body of research in public sector innovation. The practical contribution comes in form of managerial recommendations for public policy makers through more clarity on this transformation process with typologies of actors, motives and management practices for ecosystem based co-creation.The limitation of the paper is that it is based on a single case study. This limitation is overcome by rigorous methodological approach to data collection and strong benchmarking with the best in class public sector innovation hubs word wide.
Road traffic accident casualties and safety culture on Nigerian roads: the way forward
Atubi, Augustus Orowhigo (Ph.D.)
Nigeria, Africa’s largest country and economy by population and gross domestic products (GDP), loses as much as three percent of her GDP to road crashes. Growing vehicle ownership and rapid urbanisation across the continent are factors which have increased the incidence of road accidents. World Bank, has underscored the significance of reducing road traffic deaths and injuries as that would result in substantial long-term income gains for Nigeria and other low and middle income countries. Apart from the human losses that accident brings, road accidents are not economically sustainable. Studies estimate that road accidents come at a cost equivalent to about 3% of the gross domestic product (GDP) in countries with a high GDP per capital. Nigeria loses about 80billion naira annually to road accidents. Of all subjects that are involved in road traffic accidents in Nigeria, 29.1 percent suffer disability and 13.5 percent are unable to return to work. It has been projected that road traffic injuries will be the second most common cause of disability – adjusted life year loss in developing countries by the year 2030.