Psycho-Social and Economic Factors Influencing Choice Of Clothing By Women In Colleges Of Education In Delta State, Nigeria
Nzei, Justina A. (PhD)
The main purpose of the study was to investigate the psycho-social and economic factors influencing the choice of clothing by women in Colleges of Education in Delta State, Nigeria. Three research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. It was a descriptive survey, and Ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. The population for the study was the female staff of the public Colleges of Education in Delta State which was 344 persons. Purposive sampling was used to select all the female staff in the department of Vocational/Technical Education in three public Colleges of Education in the three senatorial zones in Delta State, they are College of Education, Warri; College of Education, Mosogar; and College of Education, Agbor, comprising of 88 persons. A 29-item structured questionnaire on a 4-point scale was used to collect data. The data were analyzed using Mean ( ) and Standard Deviation which answered the research questions, and ANOVA which tested the null hypotheses.
Database Management System (DBMS): a strategy for emboldening accessibility and usage of information resources in public university libraries in Delta, Nigeria
Igere A. Mercy
The use of DBMS enables proper organisation of information resources for easy accessibility and usage. However, studies have shown potential low usage of information resources indicating poor management hence this study to determine Database Management System (DBMS): a Strategy for Emboldening Accessibility and Usage of Information Resources in Public University Library in Delta, Nigeria. Six objective were set to determine the forms of DBMS adopted by libraries, database systems software used, hardware(s) used, how accessible the information resources are in the library, the extent to which information resources are used and how often patrons use resources. Descriptive survey design was adopted to determine the current status of the work. The population of the study comprised 4250 which are registered users of the public university libraries in Delta State. A sample of 170 which is 4% of the entire population was drawn using simple random sampling technique. The Instrument consist of question on nominal scale, four scale and fie scale questions. Some of the Instruments were developed by the researchers while some were from previous research article. The instruments were validated by other experts in the field. Descriptive and influential statistics were used to analysed data. A mean of 2.5 was used as criterion mean such that any item below 2.5 was rejected. Results shows that manual DBMS is mostly in applied, Some computer based developing libraries make use of software like CDIS/ISIS, SLAM, Oracle and X-LIB and the hard wares such as CD/DVD drive, pen drive, think client, server and external hard disc. There is a low extent of usage of e-resources, low frequency of usage of e- resources within the library. The study recommended that libraries should adopt the computerized DBMS for effective organisation and transparency of the information resources to encourage high access/usage of e-resources.
Teachers Competencies and Students Academic Performance in Geography. A Comparison of Selected Private and Public Secondary Schools in Wakiso District, Uganda
Abubaker Mutebi & Kumari Nagaraja
The purpose of this study was to establish whether there was a relationship between teachers’ competencies and students’ academic performance in Geography in both Private and Public Secondary Schools in Wakiso District Uganda. The study was guided by three objectives, to examine the relationship between teachers’ communication ability and students’ academic performance in Geography. To find out the relationship between teachers’ command of the subject matter and students’ academic performance in Geography and to investigate the relationship between teachers’ social support and students’ academic performance in Geography as far as Wakiso district was concerned. A correlational, cross-sectional survey design was used to carry out the study. A sample of 44 respondents was selected to participate in the study. Data were collected with the use of questionnaires and interview guide. Frequencies and percentages were used to show the distribution of respondents on different items. The researcher concluded that teachers’ communication ability, subject command and social support had a positive significant influence on students’ academic performance in Geography. The study recommended teachers’ communication abilities should be developed such as accents, clarity, pronunciations to improve academic performance in Geography. Teachers of Geography should also maintain a high degree of geography knowledge through internet search to improve practical areas like photograph interpretation, should also involve in teacher development workshops to improve their Geography knowledge to boost students’ academic performance. Private Secondary schools should employ qualified teachers to Improve academic performance as it is a case with Public secondary schools.
Factors affecting adoption of interest free banking service: case of bank of Abyssinia S.C Adama district
Habtamu Ditta Hirpo & Dr. AashkaThakkar
Interest free banking is the system of banking consistent with principles of Islamic law (Sharia) and guided by Islamic economics.Interest free banking is introduced as an alternative to conventional financing to satisfy Muslims’ particular requirements by offering them a financial service in accordance with the Islamic religious law (Sharia). Hence, this study was carried out with the view to identify factors affecting adoption of Interest free banking service with specific reference to Abyssinia Bank SC Adama District. Explanatory research design was used and the primary data were collected from 319 sampled IFB customers using a structured questionnaire through applying convenience method of sampling.Both descriptive and inferential statistics (correlation and regression) analysis were used to analyze the data. The findings depicted as awareness, relative advantage, observable and compatibility wereattentive factors influencing adoption of interest free banking.Yet, Complexity has a negative significant influence on customers attitude toward adoption, in addition to the result also indicateda non-significant effect of customer perceived risk on interest free banking service.
Effect of instructional conversation and gender on students achievement, retention and attitude in towards Physics
Bebenimibo, Job (Ph.D.)
The article certified the effect of Instructional Conservation and Gender on students’ achievement, retention, and attitude in Senior School Physics in Delta State. The theoretical framework on which the study was anchored is Vygotsky’s Social Development Theory. The study employed a non-equivalent pre-test post-test quasi-experimental design. Three (3) research null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. A sample size of ninety one(91) SS II physics students from three (3) public senior schools in Delta State was involved. They were taught physics concepts using Instructional Conversation in the experimental groups consisted of ninety one (91) students. The instruments used were Physics Achievement Test (PAT) and Physics Students Attitude Questionnaires (PSAQ). The instruments were validated by experts in physics and science education, with reliability indices of 0.79 for PAT and 0.73 for PSAQ. The data received were analyzed using Mean, Standard Deviation, and Independent t-test. The findings revealed that Instructional Conversation was unbiased pertaining to physics students’ achievement, retention, and attitude owing to their gender. Emphatically, the study stated that utilizing Instructional Conversation in teaching senior school physics is appropriate; due to the unbiased learning prospect it offered the physics learners.
Enhancing Students Performance in External Examination through Teachers Professional Development and Induction in Delta State, Nigeria
Anho, Okiemute Roseline
The study specifically examined the role of teacher’s professional development and induction in the enhancement of students’ performance in external examination. Ex-post facto survey design was adopted, the population comprised 14,745 teachers in 452 public secondary schools in the twenty (25) local government area of Delta state selected from the three senatorial districts. The stratified random sampling technique was used to draw a sample of 1475 respondents from three senatorial districts of the state. The instrument used for the study was self-developed questionnaire titled “Influence of Teachers Development on the Quality of Education Questionnaire” (ITDQEQ) which contains 66 items and West African Examination Council Results of 2018and students’ performance in the external examination. The research questions were answered using mean (?) scores and standard deviation. Based on the result from the analysis, it was concluded that that teachers’ professional development and induction, enhance students’ performance in external examination in Delta State. The study recommend that, principals and Parent Teachers Association (PTA) should encourage teachers to participate in any professional development that will bring positive influence on quality of education.
Ecosystem Management Framework for Overcoming the Challenges of Public Sector Innovation
Dr. Petra Jeffery
This paper proposes a framework for overcoming the identified coordination and orchestration challenges in public sector innovation. Public sector driven innovation is essential for socio-techno-economic development on municipal and national level, as well as for the coordination of public and private sector interests in these paradigm changes. It is also essential for the implementation of national innovation and economic development strategies, empowerment of local business, and engagement of citizens. In our deductive review of earlier research we found that public sector innovation challenges are mainly related to organizational, interaction based, interest driven and context related challenges. Apparent research gap was identified in the holistic approach to overall management of these multi-stakeholder initiatives. We apply an ecosystem approach to public sector innovation, and propose a management framework for the implementation of public sector innovations as instruments to implement innovation policies. Building on earlier research and a representative case study, the paper presents a model for early user and broad stakeholder engagement in the strategy process, from the definition of shared national vision and innovation priorities, to the clear articulation of role division, collaboration models and initiatives in the implementation of the strategies. This ultimately involves the transformation of the ecosystem dynamics, and proposed best practices to manage this transformation. This paper contributes to contemporary research on public sector innovations and ecosystem innovation management literature.It further presents a representative case study for validation and further elaboration of literature based classifications of public sector innovations.The paper’s key epistemic contribution is adding evidence to the body of research in public sector innovation. The practical contribution comes in form of managerial recommendations for public policy makers through more clarity on this transformation process with typologies of actors, motives and management practices for ecosystem based co-creation.The limitation of the paper is that it is based on a single case study. This limitation is overcome by rigorous methodological approach to data collection and strong benchmarking with the best in class public sector innovation hubs word wide.
Road traffic accident casualties and safety culture on Nigerian roads: the way forward
Atubi, Augustus Orowhigo (Ph.D.)
Nigeria, Africa’s largest country and economy by population and gross domestic products (GDP), loses as much as three percent of her GDP to road crashes. Growing vehicle ownership and rapid urbanisation across the continent are factors which have increased the incidence of road accidents. World Bank, has underscored the significance of reducing road traffic deaths and injuries as that would result in substantial long-term income gains for Nigeria and other low and middle income countries. Apart from the human losses that accident brings, road accidents are not economically sustainable. Studies estimate that road accidents come at a cost equivalent to about 3% of the gross domestic product (GDP) in countries with a high GDP per capital. Nigeria loses about 80billion naira annually to road accidents. Of all subjects that are involved in road traffic accidents in Nigeria, 29.1 percent suffer disability and 13.5 percent are unable to return to work. It has been projected that road traffic injuries will be the second most common cause of disability – adjusted life year loss in developing countries by the year 2030.
An exploratory study using the first-person role-playing game Tattva Bhoomi to improve learning in middle school children:A quasi-experimental study
Chaitanya Solanki and DJ. Mathew
The advent of new technologies has revealed their pervasive nature, which has created a need for interactive content that utilizes the potential well. Digital games for education are such content that can be defined as learning applications that apply themselves to impart not just knowledge, but entertainment as well. The effective development of educational games is of utmost importance as the gaming and education industry hold in themselves vast swathes of untapped opportunities. Especially in India, where both the domains are now growing significantly. The gaming industry has been projected to grow to 169 billion INR in 2025 (1), while edtech (educational technology) is estimated to reach 780 billion INR by 2025 (2). This reveals the need for tools that can utilize the combined potential of edtech with gaming in India. The following research describes the development and testing of the game-based learning application Tattva Bhoomi that ties in with the above discussion about the edtech sector and the gaming industry. Chemistry is a subject with nuance and unique characteristics, which can potentially be improved with a technology-oriented approach that supports conventional learning in class. Tattva Bhoomi is a game-based learning application (GBL) developed to teach students about concepts primarily from chemistry but also provides secondary information from other subjects such as geography and social science. The paper is composed of two parts where the first section describes the iterative development of the game within the context of the design criteria generated by Solanki and Mathew (2021) for effective educational and multimedia development of games (3). The second section describes the use of a single group pre-test post-test quasi-experimental design to report on the effectiveness of this GBL on 38 school students between the ages of 11 and 17. The data on understanding elemental concepts of chemistry were collected using a 14-item questionnaire and the analysis was performed through a paired sample t-test method. The results gained through the analysis shed light on the effectiveness of using educational games-based applications as support structures within the modern classroom to enhance learning.
Effect of strategic thinking on performance of small and medium enterprises in Nigeria: empirical approach
Onoriode, Omorho Humphrey (Ph.D) & Agbele, George (Ph.D)
The study examined Strategic Thinking and Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises in South-South Nigeria. In our contemporary business environment, there is still a widespread agreement that strategic thinking is important for efficient management of firms (big or small, private or public), but it is absent or at best lacking. The wrong conception and bias mind of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) owners over the years toward strategic thinking, arguing that the practice is for multinational organizations; was the motivating factor for this research. The objectives of this study were basically to investigate the effect of cognitive ability, forecasting and creativity ability on the performance of small and medium enterprises. The descriptive survey design was used for the study. The population of the study was 8,119 stationery stores that are registered with Corporate Affairs Commission and Ministry of Commerce and Industry of their respective states. Instruments used for data collection was a structured questionnaire. The questionnaire was checked for reliability using pilot survey method. 366 copies of questionnaire were administered to the respondents; selected SMEs (stationery dealers) with 92.20% (352) response rate were obtained. The hypotheses were tested using regression method, Pearson product moment correlation coefficient with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22. Statistical values of 0.026, 0.431 and 0.665 for cognitive ability, forecasting and creativity ability were obtained respectively at 5% (0.05) level of significant. The results of the analysis revealed that the performance of SMEs is dependent on strategic thinking (ST) variables; forecasting and creative ability, except cognitive ability which insignificantly influenced SMEs performance in the area under study. Based on the findings, the study concluded that forecasting and creative ability have positive and significant relationship with SMEs performance while insignificant relationship exists between cognitive ability and performance of SMEs. The study recommends among others; that there should be brainstorming among SMEs business owners because the free flowing energy generated by the team becomes the genesis of ideas that produce useful results. Furthermore, employers should ensure that there is inclusion of employees in the planning process as this greatly create positive impression in the mind of employees that encourages positive thinking that open doors for job satisfaction. In addition, SMEs business owners should strategically and continuously scan the business environment for effective utilization of business opportunity towards achieving set goals.
Adult and Nonformal Education Projects for Marginalized Groups: A Comparative Study of Ethiopian and International Experiences (Algeria, India, and Mozambique)
Teshome Gudissa Degu Ph.D.,
Girls and women should attend school because it frequently has advantages that go beyond the girl's own life and her formal education. Even though everyone has the right to an education, many Ethiopian girls and women did not have time or access to a basic education when they were younger. In the past fifteen years, numerous adult and non-traditional education programs have been put in place to address these issues. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to discuss lessons Ethiopia can share and learn from the world concerning adult and nonformal education projects. To achieve this objective, a comparative methodology based on secondary data sources was used. Four projects were chosen as a sampling from Ethiopia for experience sharing and three adult and non-formal education programs of women and girls were taken as a sample from abroad to learn from their success and to pass on experiences to Ethiopian practitioners and policymakers. The findings of the study show that gender and development-related policies and strategies have contributed a lot to recent nationwide adult literacy and nonformal education activities/initiatives in Ethiopia. Moreover, by identifying several important areas of concern and implementing education projects, Ethiopia has made a great effort to close the gender gap in education and development. As a result of adult and nonformal education programs, girls and women were able to develop many qualities that enable them to live meaningful lives in society. From the three adult and nonformal education projects in India, Algeria, and Mozambique, the following beneficial lessons are also drawn: linking adult and nonformal education projects and development; using local language in adult and nonformal education programs; developing strategies to overcome government bureaucracy; and organizing advocacy for celebrating the outcomes. Based on the findings, the researcher recommended the proper adaptation of lessons drawn from other countries to the Ethiopian scenario.
Socio-cultural Challenges and Benefits of Nigerian Vocational and Technical Education: Empirical Evidence from South-eastern Nigeria.
Dr. Jude Daniel Amakaino Utoware & Dr. Mrs C. A. Onojaife
The study investigated the socio-cultural challenges and benefits of Nigerian vocational and technical education (VTE) using empirical evidence from South-eastern Nigeria. A descriptive research design was adopted in carrying out the study. A multistage sampling technique was used to select the 415 respondents for the study. An instrument for data collection for the study was a structured questionnaire developed by the researcher titled: “Socio-cultural Challenges and Benefits of Nigerian VTE Questionnaire”. The instrument was validated by experts and a Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient of 0.923 was achieved for the instrument. Out of the entire 415 copies of the questionnaire administered to the respondents, 403 were completed and returned representing which were used for the study. The data collected were analysed using mean and t-test statistics. The results of the study identified 18 socio-cultural challenges of VTE, 13 specific benefits of Nigerian VTE and 8 strategies for boosting the societal perception of Nigerian VTE. There were no significant (p<0.05) differences in the mean ratings of the responses of VTE lecturers and instructors on the socio-cultural challenges and benefits of Nigerian VTE. Though, the result revealed a significant (p<0.05) difference in the mean ratings of the responses of vocational and technical education lecturers and instructors on strategies for boosting the societal perception of Nigerian VTE. The study among others recommended: increased awareness of the importance and significance of vocational and technical education in nation-building to ensure more enrolment of youths in vocational and technical education programmes in Nigerian tertiary institutions and improved advocacy by various action groups in the education sector for improved government attention and spending on Nigerian vocational and technical education.
Determination of Design Features in Child Minders Clothing in Nigeria
Azonuche, Juliana EgoOkoruwa, Juliet Obiageli Ogbonyomi, Omolara Bosede
This paper describes the task-related design features in developing prototype for child minders. Clothes that are presently used in child care tasks do not meet the users’ needs in performing activities. This makes their task more difficult to carry out while comfort, health and safety are not guaranteed. Therefore, this work aims at identifying task-related design features and developing prototype functional child minders clothing that would facilitate child minding tasks, minimize work hazards while ensuring comfort, protection and safety of this children and users. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 300 respondents. Questionnaire and body measurement were used to collect data and analyzed with mean, percentages and Chi –square. Users were involved in the process of prototype development. The design was tested to assess appropriateness and modified for final fitting.
The Effect of Cultural Factors onSustainable Food Consumption in Nigeria
Chioma Dilichukwu Ifeanyichukwu .
Food consumption is very important in the health and well being of individuals in an economy.The study illustrated the effect of cultural factors such as religion,customs and tradition; consumer habits on sustainable food consumption. Data were collected from 940 households in study with the help of a well structured questionnaire. Regression analysis was used to test for the significance Nigeria for this of the effect of the identified variables on sustainable food consumption.Results revealed that gender played a role in sustainable food consumption. Women were seen to eat more of pastas, milk, cheese, bread than men. Results also showed the significant effect of the afore mentioned cultural factors in Nigeria.All Cultural factors (Religion, customs and tradition, and consumer habits) were seen to be significant, thus, has a great effect on sustainable food consumption. It emphasized the critical importance of taking these cultural factors into consideration and developing strategies for modifying food consumption practices.The study recommends government efforts through policy initiatives to facilitate, enhance and support local food consumption.
The Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility on Organizational Performance: with mediation of Green Supply Chain Management: Reference from Select Ethiopian Manufacturing Industries
Mulatu Masresha Mekonnen Professor. M. Sandhya Sridevi Professor. M. Uma Devi
The impact of corporate social responsibility on organizational performance was investigated using green supply chain management as a mediator. The study used an explanatory research design. Furthermore, using a stratified random sampling technique, data were collected from 138 Ethiopian manufacturing companies involved in the leather and leather products industry, textile and garment industry, and cement industry. Data were collected via questionnaires from top-level and middle-level managers and analyzed using PLS-SEM to determine the causal relationship between constructs. The finding showed that corporate social responsibility has a significant and direct positive effect on environmental performance while its effect on operational performance was negligible. Moreover, green supply chain management partially mediates the relationship between corporate social responsibility and environmental performance. Besides, corporate social responsibility affects operational performance only through the adoption of green supply chain management practices (full mediation). As a result, primary stakeholder-based corporate social responsibility practices have a significant impact on organizational performance via the effective implementation of green supply chain management practices.
The Impact of Perceived Transformational Leadership on Organizational Commitment and Employees Work Role Performance: A Study on Selected Ethiopian Public Universities Found in Amhara Regional State
Dr. V. Krishna Mohan, PhD & Gizachew Tilahun Demsie
This research paper was aimed at examining the effect of transformational leadership style on the employees work role performance and organizational commitment. It also examines the mediating effect of organizational commitment in the relationships between transformational leadership style and employees’ work role performance. A quantitative explanatory research approach was followed whereby 386 survey questions were distributed to a randomly selected academic staff members in seven selected Ethiopian public universities found in Amhara Regional State. The required data were collected by use of multi-factor leadership questionnaire (MLQ), organizational commitment questionnaire (OCQ) and work role performance questionnaire (WRPQ) which are standardized questionnaires adopted from respective literatures. Analysis was made by using partial least square structural modelling (PLS-SEM) with the help of SMARTPLS4. The results revealed that transformational leadership style has statistically significant positive impact on the academic staffs’ work role performance in the selected public universities. Transformational leadership style was also found having statistically significant effect on the academic staffs’ organizational commitment. Finally, the mediation analysis indicated that organizational commitment plays a partial mediation role in the relationships between transformational leadership style and academic staff’s work role performance.
Managing Universal Basic Education for Value Re-Orientation in Ekiti State, Nigeria
Adesua Veronica Olobunmi PhD1 Shaibu Leonard PhD2 Adeleke Foluso Florence PhD 3 & Idoko Eberechukwu Joy Obetta PhD4
Problem: The study examined the management of universal basic education for value re-orientation in Ekiti state of Nigeria. The purpose of the study was to ascertain problems encountered and strategies to be adopted in the management of UBE for value re-orientation in Ekiti state. Two research questions guided the study. Methodology: Descriptive overview research was taken on 200 staff including the executives' staff and strict instructors were purposively tested. UBE Value Re-Orientation Questionnaire (UBEVRQ) served as an instrument. Examination of data was finished utilizing mean and standard deviation. Findings: Examination of information uncovered that the administration of UBE experienced issues amongst others as a politicization of instructive arrangement, insufficient arrangement of assets to buy observing gadgets like Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) cameras on the school compound. Methodologies, for example, satisfactory arrangement of assets to training as well as rejuvenation of significant worth instruction in optional school educational programs were uncovered. Conclusion: It was inferred that quality worth re-direction (re-orientation) cannot be completed without viable administration of UBE by the government. It was suggested in addition to other things that genuine independence with occasional checking ought to be given to UBE as part of training in Nigeria.
Employee Engagement and Organizational Commitment in the Local Government Service Commission
Imasuen, Osasere Festus
This study empirically investigated employee engagement and organizational commitment in Delta and Bayelsa local government service commissions. Employee engagement was disaggregated into organizational learning, organizational communication, and job empowerment. The study was built on Social Exchange Theory (SET). The study adopted the cross-sectional survey design. The target population for the study consisted of thirty-eight thousand, eight hundred and ninety-eight employees of Bayelsa and Delta states Local Government Service Commissions. The sample size was determined using the Taro Yamani formula while the sampling technique was stratified random sampling. The sampling size was three hundred and ninety-six (396). The reliability of the instrument was determined by using the Cronbach Alpha Statistic which yielded a coefficient of 0.88 (88%) for organizational learning, 0.68 (68%) for communication, 0.77(77%) for job empowerment, and 0.76 (76%) for organizational commitment. The Path Analysis was used to determine the causal and direct effect of the independent variables on the dependent variable The study revealed that Organizational learning, Organizational communication, and Job empowerment have direct positive effect on organizational commitment while only Organizational learning, and communication have significant effect on organizational commitment in Delta and Bayelsa states local government service commissions. Among the recommendations is that Local government councils in Nigeria should promote an effective learning environment to improve staff commitment to their councils.
Models for the Sustainability of World Bank-Assisted Development Projects in Nigeria
Echeme, Ibeawuchi Ifeanyi1 Okwara Ihuoma, Deborah2 Okangba, Stanley3
Issues: The sustainability of World Bank-assisted development projects in Nigeria is very low.This has affected the socio-economic development of the country and the wellbeing of the citizens. Insecurity, training, ownership, funding, etc. were highlighted as constraints. Methods: The study objectives areto: determine the key elements that constrain the sustainability of World Bank-assisted development projects in Nigeria; ascertain the variables that contribute to the sustainability of World Bank-assisted development projects in Nigeria. The study used descriptive Survey design. Primary data were collected via the Questionnaire. Multiple Discriminant Analysis and Analysis of Variance were adopted in analyzing the collected data. Findings: The study results show that: funding is the only element that can constrain the sustainability of World Bank-assisted projects; Users training, research consideration in policy making, funding, ownership, project monitoring, sustainability costs, insincerity and insecurity level contribute to the sustainability of World Bank assisted development projects in Nigeria. Conclusions: Sufficient and steady funding, because funding is like an oil that removes clogs in the wheel of sustainability of projects; The Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) and the World Bank should put more efforts on Research & Development (R&D) to fashion out the best method that will improve the rate of implementation and sustainability of development projects for national development; and strict implementation of Community Driven Development approach as contained in the World Bank Project Implementation Policy and Programmes is advocated. However, the study generated Fisher’s Discriminant models to serve as the Project Sustainability Profile (PSP) for the sustainability management of the World Bank-assisted projects in Nigeria and the conceptual framework was modified based on the findings made in this study.
Ethnomedicininal Profile and Bioactive Compounds of Loranth us Species
Subhashini Kuramana, Gaddeyya Gandipilli, and P. K. Ratna Kumar
Climate change, the loss of biodiversity, the depletion of plant resources and deforestation due to anthropological activities threaten human life in the areas of food security, health and sustainability. The overpopulation of developing countries and natural and manmade disasters demand the need for medicinal resources from plants for human health. Mistletoes are a specialised group of plants commonly known as parasitic flowering plants. Apart from their parasitic nature, they are considered tremendous medicinal herbs worldwide due to the health benefits of their ingredients or phytochemical constituents. The present study attempted to review ethnomidicinal aspects of a total of five mistletoes, such as Loranthus parasiticus Mirr, Loranthus longiflorus Desr (Dendrophthoe falcata), Loranthus ferruginus (Scurrula ferruginea Danser), Lonathus micranthus Linn, and Loranthus europaeus Jac., that belong to the family Loranthaceae. The phytochemical constituents of Loranthus species and their activity as folk remedies or traditional usage are also systematically represented. The study enlightens the distribution, traditional uses, and important bioactive compounds of selected mistletoes for further research.
First report on seed biology of Mango Mistletoe Dendrophthoe Falcata (L.F) Ettingsh
Subhashini Kuramana, Gaddeyya Gandipilli, and P. K. Ratna Kumar
Dendrophthoe falcata (L.f) Ettingsh., a mango mistletoe, is a parasitic flowering plant in the order Santalales. Even though it is a native flora of the Indian subcontinent, there is no sufficient data on the seed germination and seed dispersal of D. falcata in India. Because of the unusual mode of existence, unique physiological characteristics, haustorial system, parasitic characteristics, floral characteristics, seed dispersion mechanism, plant-parasite interactions, mutual interactions with frugivorous birds, and the wide host range of D. falcata has attracted the curiosity of botanists, agronomists, gardeners, and researchers. Considering the importance of mistletoe management in horticulture, the first comprehensive study on the seed biology of D. falcata was attempted in coastal Andhra Pradesh, especially in Vizianagaram District, where the fruit market loses its returns due to this parasitic weed.
Impact of internal insecurity on foreign direct investment in Nigeria
Obasanmi, Jude & Ogbeifun, Monday
Insecurity has become a global issue but the level of insecurity in Nigeria is alarming that the rate of lives lost on daily basis is unprecedented thus, the need to investigated the impact of internatal insecurity on foreign direct investment in Nigeria. The study was guided by four objectives. The study was built on Relative Deprivation Theory of Insecurity. The study spanned from 1999 to 2021. Data was sourced through the secondary sources from CBN, International Financial statistics (IFS), Statistical bulletins etc. The descriptive statistics and Distributed Lag regression analyses were used for the analysis. The ADF and cointegration were used to determine the stationarity and long-run relationship among variables. From the study, it was established that insecurity has negative and significant impact on FDI inflow into Nigeria. The study recommended that that government at all levels should as a matter of urgency address this insecurity in the country as it is the primary function of every government as enshrine in the constitution to protect lives and properties.
Prediction of terrorist activities in Nigeria using machine learning models
Olufemi A. Odeniyia, Mabel E. Adeosunb* and Tayo P. Ogundunmadec
Problem: Terrorism continues to be one of the most important threats to today’s civilization. The different forms of terrorist attacks in Nigeria in the recent times are Boko-Haram attack, Fulani/Herdsmen attack, Inter/Intra-group conflicts, robbery and lack of intentionality. In order to curb or reduce these activities in Nigeria, there is a need to develop models that can be used to understand these terrorists’ activities and prevent or reduce future occurrences. Objective: The aim of this work is to predict terrorist activities in Nigeria using machine learning models (MLM). Methods: The data used in this study was gathered from the daily terrorism incidents throughout Nigeria. The data consist of the different kinds of attacks, the success and the suicidal rates of the attacks and the different levels of weapon types used during the attacks. The targets or victims of the terrorist attack, perpetrators information, casualties and the incidents’ consequences were also the highlights in the database. A Heterogeneous Neural Network(HETNN) model was used and its performance was compared with five other MLM namely: Logistic regression (LR), Support Vector Machine(SVM), K-Nearest Neighbour (KNN), Boosting and Random Forest classification models. Findings: The results show that HETNN performs better in prediction compared to the other models. It was also discovered that in determining the success of a terrorist attack, the factors to be considered in order of importance are the number of perpetrators, attack type, type of weapon, the type of victims targeted, and the state of the incidents. Conclusion: The information provided in this work will help the Nigeria government and the security agents in combating insecurity issues in the country.
Accounting Profession, Public Interest Obligation and Corporate Failure: An Empirical Review
Akinrinola, Olalekan Oladipo1, Audu, Solomon Ibrahim2, Agbetunde, Lateef Ayodele3
Professional obligation to serve public interest by the accounting profession has witnessed mixed reactions from the general public. The accounting profession has been under criticism for their roles in many corporate failures based on the notion that the accounting profession does not carry-out their function with the interest of the public in mind rather than that of few stakeholders and the self-interest of the accountants. However, public interest has been an abstract notion with no clear definition of who constitute the “public” and what is the criteria to measure their “interest”. This study examined the relationship and linkage between the accounting profession, its public interest obligation and evaluated the extent of accounting profession’s perceived obligation to the public interest in carrying out their assignments and the effect of a perceived compromised public interest obligation on corporate failures. The study adopted a content analysis review of relevant scholarly articles and pronouncements by regulators and the international and national accounting bodies. Findings revealed that the public, whose interests should be protected, constitutes all stakeholders who benefit from and have interest in the going concern operations of business entities and those who rely on the works of professional accountants. The study recommended that the professional accounting bodies and the regulators should adopt a continuous review of the codes of ethics and should be more proactive rather than been seen as reactive to public criticism in acting and making pronouncements on issues that bothered on accountants’ public interest obligation and corporate failure.
An investigation on the variables influencing the implementation of community-driven projects in Ethiopia
Dr. Thangarasu Velmurugan Dr. Mohd Shakil Mr. Ahmed Mahamud Bade Mr. Mohamoud Mohamed Nour Mr. Mustafe Abdirahman Abdi
The Community Driven Project is now a widely accepted Development strategy across the continent. It is a development strategy that focuses on delegating the identification, control, and management of development programs to members of the local community. This study was conducted in the Somali Region of Ethiopia with the main goal of identifying the key success factors for the implementation of community-driven projects in the Somali Region. The researcher employed a descriptive research design, and respondents were chosen through simple random sampling. The Statistical package for social scientists was used to analyze the data (SPSS). According to the study findings, the majority of respondents are aware of the concept of community driven development, but the majority of them are unable to identify the key characteristics of community driven development. This is due to the fact that the majority of respondents stated that they had not received CDD training. The study discovered some of the key factors that promote community participation, such as capacity building, the availability of structures for participation, the availability of resources, and the District Council's willingness to empower communities to manage community-driven projects.
Loan and Portfolio Management with Linear Programming for Risk-Averse Investors
1Williams, Harley Tega 2Atolagbe, Lanre Aderemi, 3Adeoye, Olumuyiwa O.
Investors are risk averse and are interested in minimizing investment cost to maximize returns. This study aims to demonstrate mathematical evidence using quantitative research design, stratified sampling to minimize loan and portfolio management cost for risk averse investors. We used the period of 2017-2021 financial ratios on a panel data of 10 firms derived from a population of 15 actively quoted credit and finance firms to build a linear programming model. This study reviewed that the application of linear programming on loan and portfolio management cost would yield an approximate optimal result. The results also show that risk averse investors would accept investment with low variance between expected cost of investment and returns. The results of this study do not reconfirm the validity of the efficient portfolio theories, Markowitz and modern portfolio theories, but align only to the field of operations research to validate investors’ interest on cost minimization and maximization of expected return for any given level of portfolio risk. The LINDO output result shows that 357.7000 value would be minimized for risk averse investors used in the study. Also, the result shows a reduced cost for NPL and PL of 22382.90 and 53444.44 respectively. No reduced cost for credit risk as the linear programming model was modeled with some assumptions to accommodate risk averse investors interest. The study therefore recommends quantitative and programming skills for researchers in financial institutions to build optimal portfolio models.
Influence of Lagos State Covid-19 Public Service Announcements on Lagos Residents
Ojobo Ogheneruemu Lucky & Ikpegbu Emmanuel O.U.
The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) was declared a pandemic on March 11, 2020, two weeks after the first case in Nigeria had been discovered in Lagos State. The State became the centerpiece of COVID-19 daily updates, heightening fear & fatality. Lagos State Government (LSG) was forced to impose restrictions on gatherings to a maximum of fifty persons as middle and lower level civil servants were directed to stay at home. There was obvious need for information and education on the pandemic. The Government rolled out several kinds of public service announcements (PSAs) to enlighten the people on the new norm. This paper examined the influence of Lagos State COVID-19 public service announcements on Lagos residents. It had two specific objectives and research questions, which were to find out residents familiarity and to ascertain the influence of LSG COVID-19 PSA on residents. The paper was grounded on the Social Cognitive Theory and adopted descriptive survey research design. The population of the study was 15.3 million. While a sample size of 390 was selected, cluster sampling technique was applied in delineating the residents. The questionnaire had eight items, designed in multiple choice formats, whereas data were presented in simple percentages. The paper found out that television was mostly employed for the PSAs and the PSAs made the resident more cautious about COVID-19. It was concluded that the seriousness with which PSAs are presented determines the amount of influence it will have on people. The paper recommended that the PSAs be sustained in the media.
Evolution of Saroj Veena: a folk Musical Instrument of North East India
Joyanta Sarkar & Dr. Anil Rai
There exist number of musical instruments in the world; each has its own melody and recognition techniques. Music is important to the Tripuri people of North-East India and Bangladesh since it is directly intertwined with their socio-social existence. The Tripuri clans' instruments and music claim their wealth and profundity of imaginations related with the entrance of the primary note. They often try to retain rhythm and tempo while travelling by hitting a drum. Tripuri's folk music is known as Tipra Bharat. The clan's music is as ancient as the clan itself, and it has continually served as a convention. Tripuri people tunes, like all other people melodies from other zones, are commonly shared among the general population. These tunes were composed by people whose personalities were unknown and overlooked during the start of their lives. Old customs, ideas, wishes, love, the evolution of jhum, collecting, festivities, convictions, superstitions, and so on all influence people's music. The musical theme has remained unchanged over time, and society tunes are still performed by people surprisingly and excitedly in their original form or with minor variations. Individuals from Tripuri undertake a variety of traditional rituals. As a result, after some time, the next generation no longer uses many of these technologies, and they are being phased out of the world. Many people in Tripuri are currently unaware of the names of such instruments or their presence. These instruments are not perceived by a substantial section of the younger generation. Some instruments are specifically designed to cause individuals to change their behaviour. In this paper we will discuss about the scientific structure, shape and playing method of sarojveena.
Alcohol drinking and driving: analysis of risk-taking behavior among commercial drivers in Lagos metropolis
Chinyere C. Okonkwo, Jonathan O. Odukoya, Ngozi A. Okeke, Gbolahan O. Pilot
Alcohol use by commercial drivers is becoming an issue of concern in Nigeria. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of alcohol use among commercial drivers in Lagos metropolis, to ascertain the relationship between alcohol use and risk-taking behavior, to find out the influence of age and marital status on risk-taking behaviour among this population. This was a cross-sectional study that included 112 commercial drivers. A self-administered questionnaire which consisted of the socio-demographic variables, the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) and the Risk-taking questionnaire (RT-18) was used to assess the participants. The collected data were analyzed with descriptive and inferential statistics, chi-square, and two-three analysis of variance. The mean age of the participants was 43.3% (SD=7.61). The majority of them were males (99.1%), married (82.1%), and had valid driver’s licenses and a minimum of secondary school education (44.6%). The prevalence of alcohol use in this study was 50.9%. A considerable proportion (43.8%) of the participants were in the high risk-taking category. Participants who were high on risk-taking behavior demonstrated more problematic alcohol use. Age and marital status did not have any significant influence on risk-taking behaviour. There is a need to pay attention to this special population by introducing programs that aim at controlling alcohol use among commercial drivers.
A study of customer loyalty with ATM banking in commercial bank of Ethiopia
Sintayehu Ermias Lolemo and Dr. Hemal B. Pandya
Problem statement: People do not believe that they can go and collect money without talking to anybody: hence, instead of using ATMs, they prefer to go to bank premises to get the service Research design: In this research qualitative and quantitative research designs were used for structured and unstructured questions respectively to address the research's objective. ATMs (Automated Teller Machines) were introduced to automate banking operations and create a competitive advantage in the banking industry. Methodology: The sources of data for this study were primary and secondary data and primary data was collected via means of the usage of survey method. The total population of this study was 13,218 and the sample size was 388 customers. The collected data was analyzed via means the use of descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, and multiple regressions. The finding was revealed how much of customers were unswerving with ATM offerings from their bank ATM s. All ATM carrier excellent attributes related to technology changed into perceived, and service quality attributes associated with technology were perceived, and all attributes related to employee overall performance and management capability changed into perceived. Research Approach: This research focused on describing the current situation of the problem from the literature review and statement of the problem. Findings: The results of the survey show that more than half of the respondents had a significant impact on customer loyalty. In general, the attributes of the reliability and reliability dimensions that are perceived as superior performance are closely related to the performance of ATM technology, while the attributes related to responsiveness are perceived as not particularly good related to personal and administrative functions. Conclusion: All the SQ attributes adopted from empirical research are valid attributes of ATM SQ and all the five SQ dimensions are significantly associated with customer loyalty. Service quality performance under responsiveness dimension performing the least among the other service quality dimension. ATM banking performed the lowest in ATMs not out of order, employee effectiveness in solving ATM problem, employee speed in responding to ATM problems, returning fast swallowed cards, quick replacement of lost cards, accessibility of employee to solve ATM problems, easy access to ATMs, accessibility of wide range of service and number of ATMs per station.