Working Capital Management and Enterprise Value Added Empirical Evidence from Listed Non-Financial Firms in Nigeria
Edeh Lawrence, Eyuche Onyewuchi Veronica (PhD) , Oyekezie Kingsley Sunday , Ogboi Emeke
Based on working capital management theory framework, this study x-rays the link between cash conversion cycle and firm performance. Particularly, this aim of this study is to explore a critical tool of working capital management by examining a sample of seventy-two (72) listed non-financial firms in Nigeria over a ten (10) year period ranging from 2010 to 2019. Working capital management measure considered in this study is the cash conversion cycle which also is the independent variable while firm performance (dependent variable) is proxied as Enterprise Value Added. In this study, robust standard error regression analyses technique was employed to analyze the panel data set collated from annual financials of the sampled non-financial listed firms. The finding indicates that lengthening cash conversion cycle indeed does hinder firm performance in the context of enterprise value addition. This finding is consistent with the views of working capital management theory which suggest that managers must acquit themselves with happenings in the control of inventories, receivables and payables since they all affect cash positions. Therefore, the researcher recommend that managers should improve their companies’ value performance by shortening cash conversion cycle period since such actions will improve cash flow position which should go a long way to benefit financial managers daily activities of the organization.
Seeking consensus: determining the storm surge perception of students and its context paradigms
Kyla A. Rodriguez, Ma. Loida D. Irabagon, Danilo S. Vargas
Eight years after Typhoon Yolanda (also known as Typhoon Haiyan) devastated the southern region of the country, the lingering quest for consensus on the local translation of storm surge has been a subject of debate even today. Scholars of disasters argue that there is a need to trouble the assumed uniformity of disaster meanings in the same manner that scholars argue for an intersectional analysis of vulnerabilities as shaped by the lack of disaster planning, disaster response and disaster recovery. This research inquires: How can the consensus of storm surge in local language can create shared meaning in the Philippines? How can the collection of cultural contexts can help improve its shared meanings in the local translation? How does the understanding of the local meaning of what the storm surge evokes can affect the public's risk perception? Conducted via online interviews and analyzed through thematic analysis, this research analyzed the CLSU-CASS students storm surge perception and inquired about their existing knowledge on the local translation and risk perception on the said phenomena. The research result show that respondents locally understood storm surge as 'awiwit' (converging/diverging waves) and 'daluyong' (long amplitudes of waves driven by wind) with a heavy reference to 'Tromba Marina'. Further, most of the themes emerged from understanding the risk of storm surge lacks shared meaning, is generalized and vague. Most of the description of the risk of storm surge provided leans more toward storm's wind velocity and rainfall rather than the storm surges capacity to drown and obliterate. This said, most of the action made by the respondents and their observation in their communities do not match the disaster response on how to avoid the risk of storm surge. The key insight from the study is that alignment, consistency, and uniform local definition of storm surge is needed. Further, veering away from the outdated paradigm of a top-down kind of information dissemination from weather agencies to the public is also equally important. Serious consideration on differences and gaps in language, literacy, and access on information of the population must also be addressed.
Redirecting National and Global Security Issues: The Role of Human Kinetics, Recreation and Sports
Singer, C.E (Ph.D.)
The paper examined sport as a means of redirecting national and global security issues. A brief background of the paper was stated where sport was described as a powerful tool that lead to national development and security. A number of related literatures were reviewed in the paper. However, the paper examined the provision of funds for sports in redirecting national and global security issues. It was concluded that if deliberate and conscious efforts are made with genuine commitment and sincerity by the government and sport bodies in the provision of funds for sports, the issue of security will be drastically reduced. It was recommended among others that funds for sports should be given the rightful place in the society and that adequate funds should be provided for management of sports in order to redirect national and global security issues through sports.
A national survey of multidisciplinary outpatient clinics for Dementia care in teaching hospitals in India
Jessy Fenn, Sanju George, CT Sudhir Kumar
Problem: Dementia is a major cause of disability and dependency which requires coordinated action across professional boundaries. In multidisciplinary dementia care teams, various professionals bring their expertise which complements patient care. Medical colleges with attached hospitals go through a rigorous process to obtain necessary recognition to be a teaching centre often considered centres of excellence as they offer many facilities which other government hospitals do not offer. However, we do not have enough information about existence of multidisciplinary outpatient clinics for dementia care even in such higher centres. This survey was conducted to understand the details of multidisciplinary inputs in outpatient clinics in assessment and management of patients with dementia in National Medical Council(Medical Council of India) approved teaching hospitals in India. Methodology: Purposive sampling method was used to select 78 medical colleges. A short survey form specifically designed for the purpose of the study, consisted of questions to evaluate the services offered by the centre for patients with dementia in the outpatient clinic focusing on inputs from multidisciplinary team members including psychologists, social workers and nurses were emailed to them. Results: Completed survey forms were returned by 44 centres with 56.4% response rate. All respondents reported that patients with dementia are seen, diagnosed using internationally accepted diagnostic criteria, and manged in their centres with appropriate follow ups and reviews. Multidisciplinary outpatient clinics: Among the respondents, 19 (43.2%) centres had multidisciplinary outpatient clinics while 25 (56.8%) centres did not have such a facility. 9 (47.4%) centres reported having multidisciplinary memory clinics; 4 (21%) having multidisciplinary psychogeriatric clinics and 6 (31.6%) centres having general multidisciplinary general psychiatric outpatient services. Among the nine memory clinics 8 (89%) had psychologists, 7 (78%) had social workers and 5 (56%) had nursing staff. All four psychogeriatric clinics had psychologists while 2 (50%) had social workers and 1 (25%) had nurse working in them. All six general psychiatry clinics had psychologists and nursing staff while 4 (67%) had social workers. Six (14%) centres had inputs from voluntary organisations. Services of psychologists, social workers and nurses were available and accessible even when they were not working specifically as part of the multidisciplinary outpatient clinic.Among the study participants, psychology services were available in 28 (63.7%) centres; services of a social worker were available in 24 (54.5%) centres.Nursing inputs were available in 22 (50%) centres.Overall, 31 (71%) centres had some degree of input from a professional other than a psychiatrist in the assessment and care of patients with dementia. They were contributing to assessment in 29 (94%) centres, offering advice to patients and family in 30 (97%) centres and psychoeducation in all centres. Conclusions: This survey demonstrates that significance of multidisciplinary working in dementia care is recognised to a certain degree in India. The role of social workers and psychologists are acknowledged in these clinics with them taking an active part in assessment and interventions including psychoeducation. Providing multidisciplinary memory clinic care need not always be expensive and large scale. There should be a collaborative approach in establishing appropriate dementia care services between various stakeholders including family members of people with dementia, general public, governmental and non-governmental agencies.
Awareness and Utilization of online TV streaming on content preference among university students in Niger state, Nigeria
Stanley Uzoamaka Ugboaja, Luke .Ifeanyi. Anorue
The advent of online television streaming has changed the media landscape by providing the audience with novel platforms to watch their favourite media content with a variety of gadgets. This study investigated students’ awareness and utilisation of online TV streaming in Niger state, Nigeria. The study design was survey while questionnaire was used for data collection. The study comprised 41, 241 undergraduates and postgraduates students from two selected tertiary institutions, one federal university and one state university as at 2020/2021 academic session in Niger State. Using the Slovin's Formula, the sample size determined for the study was 396. The data collected was analysed using simple frequencies and percentages (%). The data obtained was also analyzed and the hypotheses tested using SPSS, version 20 (SPSS Inc, Chicago, II) and Chi square test of independence. The theoretical framework adopted for the study was the uses and gratification theory and the technology acceptance model. The study found that the majority of the respondents were highly aware and knowledgeable about online television streaming. In addition, knowledge of television streaming positively influenced respondents’ utilisation. The study concludes that respondents are not only aware and knowledgeable but also utilize online television streaming. The study, therefore, recommends that government should invest in broadband infrastructure to make internet accessible to students and other citizens.
Effect of Gagne Learning Hierarchy on Students Achievement, Retention and Attitude in Secondary School Physics in Delta State, Nigeria
Agboghoroma, T. E. (Ph.D.) Bebenimibo, Job (Ph.D.) & Akpokiniovo, Samuel Rukevwe
This study examined the effects of Gagne’s learning hierarchy on students’ achievement, retention and attitude in Secondary School Physics in Delta State. The theoretical framework in which the study was anchored on is Ausubel’s Cognitive Theory (1963). The study employed a 2x3 factorial non-equivalent pre-test post-test control group design. Three (3) research questions and three (3) null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. A sample size of two hundred and eleven (211) SS II Physics Students from six (6) public secondary schools in Delta State were involved. These were taught physics utilizing Gagne’s Learning Hierarchy in the experimental groups made up of one hundred and sixteen (116) students and lecture method the control group utilized ninety-five (95) students. The instrument used were Physics Achievement Test (PAT) and Physics Students Attitude Scale. The instrument were validated by experts in science education. Reliability indices of 0.79 for PAT and 0.73 for Attitude Scale. The data collected were analyzed using Mean, Standard Deviation and Independent t-test. The findings showed that Gagne’s Learning Hierarchy has positive effects on physics students’ achievement, retention and attitude. It was recommended among other things, that physics teachers should adopt the use of Gagne’s Learning Hierarchy in teaching secondary school physics. Government agencies responsible for teacher development programmes should train physics teachers on the use of Gagne’s Learning Hierarchy to enable the physics teachers construct effective lesson plans on this innovative and collaborative instructional strategy.
Application of RST and Frame Net in Second Language Teaching
Dr. Soumya Sankar Ghosh
In Second Language Teaching (SLT), reading comprehension through literature is always a difficult task since it calls for numerous levels of understanding from both the learners' and the teachers' perspectives. The structural intricacy and underlying meaning of the text that the students are studying are frequently difficult for the students to comprehend. However, we must equally admit that one of the most well-liked methods of teaching a language is through the use of literature to teach reading comprehension. A literary text has a vast quantity of cultural knowledge, a rich vocabulary, and sophisticated sentence construction. It enables the student to broaden their knowledge in new areas.The study suggests a teaching-learning model using the flipped learning methodology after taking into account both the difficulties and the potential. It makes it possible for the student to successfully and effectively gain reading comprehension when learning a second language.
Farmers Knowledge and Adoption of Good Agricultural Practices in Rice Production
Ciara Mae J. Barreda, Maria Loida D. Irabagon, Marjorie N. Manlulu
The study entitled “Farmers’ Knowledge and Adoption of Good Agricultural Practices in Rice Production” determined the level of knowledge and extent of adoption of rice farmers about good agricultural practices (GAP) in rice production and its relationship to farmers’ socio-demographic characteristics. The study involved fifty (50) farmers selected thru simple random sampling. Both qualitative and quantitative data were gathered in this study.Pearson correlation was used to test the relationship of variables. Major findings reveal that almost all of the respondents were highly knowledgeable about the said practices. Similarly, almost all of them are regularly adopting the said practices in rice production except for the conduct of soil analysis before land preparation as they found the service expensive. Hence, respondents of the study do not fully practice GAP. Based on the correlation result, farmers’ age, educational attainment, years of farming, and annual income were highly significant with the farmers’ level of knowledge and extent of adoption of good agricultural practices in rice production. Moreover, the farmers’main and secondary source of agricultural information were their co-farmers and via seminars. Very few identified extension workers as a source of said information. While information, education, and communication (IEC) materials were identified by some as their source of information about the said practices, respondents found those materials ineffective due to the language used and technical words or jargon present in the material. This study recommends that agricultural services like soil analysis should be made affordable if not free among the farmers to enable adopters to fully practice the GAP in rice production. It is also recommended that the IEC materials being used to disseminate information about the said practicesbe tailored fit to the profile of the farmers to make the contents understandable to them. Extension workers play a crucial role in delivering the agricultural technologies in the field as they serve as a walking medium that uses the same language as farmers. This study then suggeststhat theiractivities be intensifiedby regularly visiting the farmers to enable them to address their concerns clearly and promptly. Also, sinceextension workers workclosely with the farmers, extension workers can easily determine and relate to their problems. This would aid in the efficient delivery of agricultural information, thereby, help hasten the full adoption of recommended technologies/practices under GAP.
Investing in university education in Nigeria: who should pay?
Okonta, Vinella (Ph.D.) & Osakwe, Nwamaka Grace (Ph.D.)
This study ascertained if costs, benefits/returns and importance of university education have any influence on who should pay for education at the university level in the South South Geo-Political zone of Nigeria. Four research questions were raised and four hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The descriptive survey method was adopted for the study. The population comprised all nineteen (19) public/government universities in the South-South Geo-political zone as at the 2021/2022 academic year; while six (6) universities representing 31.6% of the population were randomly selected and used as sample for the study. From each of the sampled universities, ten respondents - five academic and five senior non-teaching staff (SNT), giving a total of sixty (60) respondents were drawn and used for the study. An instrument titled, “Investing in University Education: Who Should Pay? Questionnaire” (IUEWSPQ) was used to elicit data for the study. Data obtained were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and rank order to answer the research questions while the hypotheses were tested using z-test statistics at 0.05 level of significance. Findings showed that university educational costs have significant influence on who should pay; that benefits/returns on university education have no significant influence on who should pay for educational services; that the importance of university education to national economic growth and development indeed has a significant influence on who should pay and that government should bear the bulk of university educational expenditures while other stakeholders should equally contribute to investing in education at the university level.
Economic Efficiency of Turmeric Production: South-Western Ethiopia
Tsegaye Melese, Nigus Gurmis and Abebe Fekadu
Turmeric is widely grown in the southwestern region of Ethiopia, specifically in Bench-Sheko and Sheka zones. Nevertheless, different evidence shows in terms of productivity it was not satisfactory. The study aimed towards estimating allocative and economic efficiency levels, to detect factors affecting allocative and economic efficiency in Sheko and Yeki districts. To conduct this research, the data were collected from 360 sample turmeric producers. Cobb-Douglas and Tobit models were used to analyze efficiency and determinate correspondingly. Accordingly, the average allocative and economic efficiencies were 60.78% and 44.71, correspondingly. Average allocative efficiency implies a prospect to decrease the cost of inputs by 39.22%. Turmeric yield was certainly and meaningfully affected by area worker oxen seed, chemicals plus urea. Tobit regression outcome showed economic efficiency was absolutely and meaningfully influenced by the extension agent interaction, credit utilization, and market information. Strategies focus to inspire and increase the delivery of credit, support the present farm extension structure, and provide relevant marketing information needed to expand the economic efficiency of turmeric.
Determinants of Internal Audit Effectiveness in South Gonder Administrative Zone: an Empirical Study
Mesafnt Melkie , Ayechew Bereded , Workeneh Mengist , Eyobe Temesgen
This paper focuses on the factors that affect the effectiveness of internal audit in the South Gondar Zone, with a particular focus on the internal audit department found in different wored as in the zone. Methods, The study uses a mixed research approach, by examined six factors: internal audit independence, internal audit competency, management support, the relationship between internal auditors and external auditors, the organizational setting, and the scope of internal audit work. The total population of the survey consisted of 144 internal auditors found in various woredas ??in the Southern Gonder Zone. The data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics such as Pearson correlation and multiple regression using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20. Findings: The results show that all six independent variables are positively correlated and make a positive contribution to the effectiveness of internal audit in public sector offices. Conclusions: All six independent variables account for 87.9% of the contribution to the effectiveness of internal audit in the South Gonder zone.
Effect OFE-banking services on performance of commercial banks in Ethiopia
Bantyergu Engida (PhD)
The central objective of this study is to identify the effect of electronic banking service on the performance of banks in Ethiopia. The specific objectives of the study were to examine the effect that ATM, POS machine, Mobile banking and bank size have on the performance of commercial banks. The study mainly used quantitative approach. The population of the study comprised nine commercial banks selected using a purposive sampling method for the 5 years period of 2017 – 2021. The study used secondary data. The study used both descriptive and inferential statistics for the analysis purpose. Result using fixed effect panel least square regression with the aid of E-views9 econometric software exhibited that, increasing the number of ATMs variable has a negative and statistically significant effect on bank performance as measured by ROA, increasing the number of POS was found to have negative and statistically insignificant effect on bank ROA, increasing number of mobile banking users variable has positive and statistically significant effect on bank ROA, and increasing bank size has a negative and statistically significant effect on bank ROA.
Assessment of Teachers qualities in teaching-learning for sustainable development in South-South Nigeria
Enwefa, Chiekem Ph.D
The study evaluates the characteristics of teachers in South-South Nigeria on teaching-learning for sustainable development. So, teaching-learning for sustainable development is a strategy that aims to help students of all ages take responsibility for building a sustainable future and learn to appreciate it.In addition, it teaches students from all walks of life to plan for, deal with, and discover solutions to challenges that threaten the sustainability of our environment, and it fosters behavioral changes that will build a more sustainable future for our society. Six hundred (600) teachers from six (6) states in south-south Nigeria were sampled using stratified sampling procedures (Bayelsa, Delta, Rivers, Awka-Ibom, Cross River, and Edo). For data collection, the researcher and two additional specialists in measurement and assessment approved a questionnaire on self-development. The mean rating and standard deviation were utilized to answer the study questions, while the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient was utilized to evaluate the stated hypothesis at a significance level of 0.05. The results of the study indicate that the professional and competency levels of teachers have an effect on teaching-learning for sustainable development in South-South Nigeria. In addition, the results indicated that there was no correlation between the competency levels and professional levels of teachers in South-South Nigeria for teaching-learning for sustainable development. It is proposed that there be a capacity-building approach that attempts to provide teachers and schools with the skills and knowledge necessary for effective instruction. It is also suggested that at the local and national levels, pedagogical resources and curricular innovation be fostered.
Assessing Community Participation in Child Protection in South Gondar Zone, Ethiopia
Misalie Solomon Hailesilassie
This study was designed to assess community participation in child protection in South Gondar Zone, Ethiopia. A sample of 398 participants was selected from three administrative towns through a stratified random sampling technique. Community Child Protection Scale and a questionnaire on demographic information were used in the present study. Descriptive statistics, one-sample t-test, independent sample t-test, one way ANOVA, and post hoc analysis were employed for analysis. A result revealed that local community participation in child protection is insignificant. The study also discovered that there is no significant difference in participation in child protection amongst male and female participants. However, the study demonstrated that there is a significant statistical difference observed in community participation in child protection across respondents’ age; educational status and marital status. GOs, NGOs, and other concerned bodies should design continuous and regular community awareness-raising programs regarding a more comprehensive approach to child protection systems in general and bottom-up child protection systems in particular.
Covid-19 To "Omicron XE" - Impact and change in the Future of Dentistry
Anbu Velusamy, Selvanathan MJ Vinola & Thirumurugan SV Mahadhevan
The outburst of COVID-19 vigorously soared in cases creating a dreadful pandemic, which resulted in severe catastrophic health and wealth crisis across the globe. With all the career fields striving for survival, dentistry has faced and is still facing its time of strenuous survival due to the various waves’from COVID-19 to Omicron XE.The report provided by the dental academics in Wuhan, China, which outlined the immediate impact of COVID-19 on dental health-care professionals and on the massive impacts it might have on the profession of dentistry, elicited the attention of dentists globally. The pandemic has also highlighted few voids in dental research and the need for widespread knowledge to manage the present crisis and reduce the impact of such outbreaks in the future of dentistry.Despite meticulous and stern global containment and curfew efforts, the incidence of COVID 19 still prevails and has led to the outbreak of the various waves.The aim of this article is to highlight the impact of COVID-19 to Omicron XEand to recommend various futuristic methods of infection control strategies and patient management protocols to provide prime dental treatment with utmost care for the benefit of the patients and dentists.
Status of Solid Waste Management Implementation in Three Cities Under the Philippines Manila Bay Rehabilitation Project
Mariqueen Andrea Domino-Arcia & Danilo S. Vargas
The study is descriptive research focused on the solid waste management cluster implementation of the Area Based Management Plan (ABMP) under Manila Bay Rehabilitation Project in key cities in Nueva Ecija to benchmark the current management implementation of ABMP at the local level. This study involved the discussion of the overview of the Area Based Management Plan for Upper Pampanga River under the Manila Bay Rehabilitation Project of the ABMP implementation in the three cities in Nueva Ecija namely: Cabanatuan, Gapan, and San Jose. This study assessed institutional, organizational, and technical aspects of local governance following the ABM plan. The three cities have increasing urbanization due to the development of growth corridors in Central Luzon. The economic growth attributes to the changes in the classification of barangays from rural to urban over the past decade. Cabanatuan City has the most rapid development being the center of business and trade. This conversion indicates an increase in infrastructure and industrial and commercial establishments. This economic growth attracts migration of the working population to the cities. The number of households in cities affects the waste generated per capita per day. The average household family size in the three cities is five (5) persons per household. Cabanatuan City has the highest population compared to the two cities according to the 2015 National Statistics Office. This is comparatively important on the generated wastes. Based on the Waste Characterization Reports of the cities, Cabanatuan City has an average generated waste per capita per day of 0.4 kg followed by San Jose City with 0.3 kg and Gapan City with 0.2 kg. Gapan City has no institutionalized City Environment and Natural Resources Office to enforce the national and local policies. However, Cabanatuan City has a newly institutionalized City Environment and Natural Resources Office that headed the Environmental Protection Division and enforced the local ordinances on solid waste management. San Jose City has an institutionalized system with separate funding allocation and enables to enforcement of local ordinances. The assessment also shows a weak implementation of the technical aspect of solid waste in Gapan compared to Cabanatuan City and San Jose City.
The Effects of Strength and Plyometric Training on the Development of Skill Related Physical Fitness on U-17 Volleyball Players
Astatkie Bogale, Aemiro Asmamaw and Belayneh Cheklie
Background: There are differences in anthropometric, muscular strength and power characteristics of volleyball athletes according to the position they are playing. Plyometric is a speed -strength training, a combination of strength and speed. One of the major requirements for using the plyometric training method is basic strength training. Young volleyball players do not require a high basic strength level. Strength is the capacity to overcome resistance or to take action against resistance. Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of plyometric and strength training intervention on skill related physical fitness ofU-17male volleyball trainees. Methods: A total 68 project players participated in the study and randomly allocated into four intervention groups. The first group participated in plyometric training, the second and third group took part in strength and combined training respectively. The fourth group, the control group, had participated only in the usual volleyball training program. The training session underwent 3 times per week, ninety minutes per session for 12 weeks. To reveal the effect of each of the three training interventions in improving the explosive power of young players, the researcher measured the Spike jump, Block jump and Standing broad jump using for Boys (AAHPER test item). In addition, the standing broad jump test was measured using steel measuring tape. Results: The outcomes shown a significant difference between the four groups (Pre vs. Post) and the combined group scored the most prominent result of all other groups. The current study indicated that 12 weeks involvement training meaningfully enriched explosive power /vertical jump/ on the performance of young volleyball players. Conclusion: we concluded that a 12-week plyometric training and strength training intervention with the range of exercise intensity from 60% to 90% can positively impacts explosive power of the lower legs.
School Workplace Safety and Security Challenges, and Lecturers Job Performance in Delta State Colleges of Education, Nigeria
Anho, Joseph Efe (Ph.D.)
School workplace safety and security challenges and lecturers job performance in Delta State colleges of education, Nigeria used the expost-facto design adopting the comparative descriptive survey method with 1257 lecturers drawn from the three (3) colleges of education. The stratified random sampling technique was used to sample 640 i.e. 51% of the population. The instrument was self constructed questionnaire tag “Questionnaire on School Workplace Safety and Security Challenges Lecturers Job Performance” (QSWSSCLJP). The literature reviewed, problems of the study, research questions and hypothesis formulated guided the construction. The instrument was validated by colleagues, used the split half technique and the Pearson Product Moment Co-relational (PPMC) statistics ‘r’ to obtain a reliability coefficient of 0.86 for school workplace safety and security challenges and 0.80 for lecturers’ job performance which give the total reliability coefficient of 0.83. After distribution and retrieval of the questionnaire, 575 were returned which accounted for 90% return rate. The mean scores and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while the PPMC and the linear regression statistics were used to test the hypotheses formulated at 0.05 level of significance. The acceptance bench mark was set at 2.50, using an adopted likert four(4) points rating scaling of Strongly Agreed = 4 points, Agree = 3 points, Disagreed = 2 points and Strongly Disagreed = 1 point. The data obtained were analyzed and presented on tables. The findings indicated some prevalent school workplace safety and security challenges in Delta State colleges of Education, Nigeria, and there was significant relationship between school workplace safety and security challenges and lecturers’ job performance. The suggested innovative management options also have significant relationship with lecturers’ job performance. It was recommended that the implementation of the suggested innovative management options is a panacea to the challenges.
Servqual: A dimension-specific analysis of performance and measurement of library service quality and user satisfaction among students at the universities of Haryana
The primary purpose of this present research paper is to evaluate library services and user satisfaction on five dimensions of the Servqual instrument: Tangible, Reliability, Responsiveness, Assurance, and Empathy. The study was conducted at three State-owned Universities of Haryana specializing in Science and Technology. The survey research method was used. A total number of 180 questionnaires were distributed among the library users, including under-graduates and post-graduate students from the field of Science and Technology specialization, and 169 (93.89%) valid questionnaires were considered for the study. The results explained a discrepancy in all the five service dimensions in these university libraries; users expect better quality services, especially in the Reliability and Tangible dimensions. Efforts should be made to modernize the library infrastructure, develop a rich collection of books and electronic resources, conduct training and workshops for library staff to excel in their skills and expertise and provide more value-added services to improve the quality of library service. The study will help the librarians to make more efforts to explore and eliminate pitfalls to achieve the highest perceived service quality and user satisfaction.
Social Media Utilization and Its Impact to the Communication Relationship Between Mothers and Their Children
Angelica C. Gutierrez , Maria Loida D. Irabagon and Danilo S. Vargas
This study entitled “Social Media Utilization of Mothers and their Children and its Effect to their Communication Relationship” aimed to determine how the use of social media affects the communication relationship of mothers and their children from the perspective of the matriarchal head of the family – mothers. It tried to analyze whether social media use decreases the personal communication of the respondents to their children. The study also explored the following: relationship of socio-demographic characteristics of respondents to the frequency of social media use; and relationship of social media use and family communication relationship. Based on the results, respondents always use social media 3-4 hours a day during the evening hours wherein Facebook is their frequently used social media site. Respondents observed that their children always use social media at home, however, the face-to-face conversation remained their most frequent way to communicate with their children. More than half (63.3%) of the respondents believed that social media has decreased their personal communication with their children. Those who disagreed with this statement, however, believed that it has not affected their personal communication with their children as they impose discipline and control over them. Moreover, there is no correlation seen between the socio-demographic characteristics of respondents and the social media use of respondents. Thus, regardless of their demographic profile, the frequency of use of social media among families of respondents is the same. However, no relationship is found between social media use and family communication relationship. This then implies that family communication is affected by the use of social media, in a positive way as it is seen to aid the respondents in monitoring their children especially when they are out of their homes. It can also be gleaned in this study that despite social media’s negative outcomes, it also have several advantages when used in an appropriate manner. It is suggested in this study that parents should use social media as a platform to monitor their children’s activities in the virtual world without demolishing their child’s privacy matters. It comes into greater value when mothers and parents will view social media as a platform to understand more their children and allot more time to talk to them. The researcher also recommends that parents, especially mothers, to establish close relationship with their children through face-to-face conversation, to avoid their children from venting it their emotional problems on the social media. It is encouraged to take a deeper understanding with teens in this modern era.Researchers are encouraged to conduct future studies focusing on proper parenting and forming good relationship with parents and their children at home and virtually.
Effect of an agreeable boss on subordinate adaptive performance of Federal Universities in South-East, Nigeria
Suzan Ngozi Nwoke
The purpose of the study was to examine the extent of influence an agreeable boss had on subordinate adaptively in the workplace. The study aimed at confirming the effectiveness of the agreeable dimension of personality trait in facilitating adaptive performance from subordinates in order to provide tropical evidence between both constructs. The research was quantitative and implored inferential statistic to analyze data generated from 300 staff of five federal universities in South East, Nigeria. The findings of the study unveiled that an agreeable boss was a statistical significant predictor of subordinate adaptive performance. The result of this study also bears practical implications.
Enhancing students retention level of basic science curriculum concepts through problem solving instructional strategy
Oyovwi, Edarho Oghenevwede ( Ph.D) & Umukoro Ogheneovo Emmanuel
Enhancing students’ retention level of basic science curriculum concepts through problem-solving instructional strategy was the study focus. The study adopted the quasi-experimental design. The study population comprised of nineteen thousand, two hundred and forty-nine (19,249) Basic 8 students from all the public secondary schools in Delta South Senatorial District of Delta State. A sample of two hundred and twenty (220) students were utilised. The classes were assigned using the random sampling technique. The research instrument was the Retention Basic Science Achievement Test (RBSAT). The reliability was established using Kuder- Richardson formula 21 which yielded a coefficient of 0.85.The acquired data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, and t-test at the significance level of 0.05. According to the study's results, students who were instructed basic science curriculum concepts using a problem-solving instructional strategy improved their retention tests than those who were instructed using a lecture method. There was no significant difference in mean retention scores between male and female students who were instructed basic science curriculum concepts using a problem-solving instructional strategy. Based on the conclusion, it was recommended among others that basic science teachers should be encouraged to adopt the problem-solving instructional strategy in teaching basic science curriculum concepts since it promotes retention of learned materials.
Characterization and treatment of rush fibers towards eco-construction reinforcement Wassef Ounaies
The rush fiber could constitute a potential source of reinforcement of organic matrix, polyester resins or epoxy components, or mineral, cement mortar or lime or gypsum or natural earth. For this reason, we were interested in our research work on the extraction and processing of this plant. To remedy the problem of dimensional variation and fragility of raw earth molded, reinforcement approaches rush plant fibers chemically treated by alkalization have been adopted. This article aims to present a study on which we characterize and process rush fibers in order to reinforce eco-construction. For both economic and ecological considerations we have chosen to use a variety of fibers that we obtained by chemical extraction with hot alkalization (8% NaOH), which have less efficient characteristics but sufficient to be used as reinforcements for the earth mortar. We started from the principle that any land could be valid for construction, even if its initial properties were not quite suitable for the construction method (adobe, rammed earth, compressed blocks, etc.), with the application of grain size correction and / or stabilization by aerial or hydraulic binders or by reinforcement with rush plant fibers. The optimization study of the process for extracting rush fibers led us to obtaining fibers with very high characteristics
Impact of Environmental Health and Safety Management in Building Construction Industry in Nigeria
Enyinna Gregory Chimere (PhD), Oguzie Joy Okwuchi Chizitere, Jideobi Samuel Osuji
Health and safety are of extreme importance within the construction industry as different construction operations take place at about the same time. The study focused on the influence of environmental health and safety management in the Nigerian building construction industry, specifically in Naze, Imo State. Purposive sampling was used in the study to deliver 39 survey questionnaires to selected professionals from consulting and contracting organizations in the study area. The 39 copies of the questionnaire retrieved were evaluated to determine the elements that work against the building construction industry's environmental health and safety management. RII was used to score 10 identified elements that work against environmental health and safety management. The finding of the study revealed that failure to learn a lesson from previous incidents (RII=0.86), inadequate safety management systems (RII=0.88), space congestion (RII=0.89), were the top factors militating against materials management. The findings further indicate that Proper workers warfare (RII=0.9556), Creation and implementation of HS plans (RII=0.9556), and Health and safety training and induction programs (RII=0.9822), were the three major measures for preventing accidents on construction sites. According to the findings, construction management needs to improve health and safety management in all aspects.
The Effects of Motivation on Employee Productivity and Efficiency in the Construction Industry
Enyinna Gregory Chimere (PhD), Uche Moneke (PhD), Okeke Fidelix
Motivation is defined as that inner drive that makes an individual to perform an action and drives him to continue with the cause of action already he/she has already started. The desire and of each employee in an establishment can be increase by motivation which will in turn drive the employee to carry out the task assigned to them effectively and efficiently with minimal inspection. Due to low employee motivation in the Nigeria construction Industry which brought about an unusual reduction in productivity and job efficiency, we try to figure out if there is any way motivation can be used to help stop this menace and improve productivity. In the Private sectors in Nigeria, we can see that the employees are not motivated, the agencies that the government enlisted to monitor these private firms are relating with their employees is not up and doing. It is to this effect that the research investigated Performance: “The Effect of Motivation on Employees productivity” in Nigeria construction Industries. The study is tasked to figure out if Effect Motivation has any effects on Employees productivity; as well as to verify the factors that can be employed to motivate employees of different calibre, and also to assess the impact of motivation on employee performance. Questionnaire and Interviews were used to gather data for the research and the data collected were analysed using “Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS)” in other to evaluate the data and calculate the relationship between the two variables using the correlation analysis. The research shows that promotion and employees opportunity for advancement, health insurance, promotion based on merit and as at when due, funding special vacation with loved ones are some of the major sources of motivation. The research also shows that Motivation can also be initiated through gain sharing, where the management should implement a method of reward system for their employees for them to share in the gains of the firm. It was also verified that some of the workers in some level of the organization are not happy with the current pay package they are receiving. Therefore, it is advised that Management of the construction industries should consider as a matter of urgency, the need to make adjustments in wages and salaries of their employees which will go a long way to reduce the high incidence of low labour turnover.
Rural teachers perceptions on challenges and solutions of inclusive education in Zimbabwe
Munyaradzi Chidarikire & Professor . Dipane Hlalele
This article interrogated the phenomenon of rural teachers’ perceptions towards challenges and solutions of inclusive education in Zimbabwe rural primary schools. Ubuntuism/ Unhuism theoretical lens was used to interrogate rural teachers’ perceptions on challenges and solutions of inclusive education in rural primary schools. Furthermore, this is a qualitative study located in the broader space of transformative paradigm. We used Participatory Action Research to generate data from the participants. A purposive sample comprising ten primary school teachers from Gutu rural district in Zimbabwe were selected for this study. Data were generated through focus group discussions as participants responded to two questions: what are the challenges facing inclusive education in Zimbabwean rural primary schools? and how can inclusive education be enhanced in rural primary schools? Then generated data was divided into two themes and analysed through Critical Discourse Analysis’s three levels namely: textual, discursive and social practice. This paper found that lack of resources such as lack of qualified inclusive education teachers militate against success of inclusive education in rural primary schools. Consequently, this article recommended that, the Ministry of Primary and Secondary schools should deploy competent and qualified inclusive education teachers in rural schools
The Level of Emotional Intelligence among Persons with Physical Disabilities in South Gondar Zone, Ethiopia
Misalie Solomon Hailesilassie
This study explored the level of emotional intelligence (EI) among persons with physical Disabilities in South Gondar zone, Ethiopia, focusing on the influence of participants’ sex and onset of disability on their level of EI. For this purpose, a sample of 140 participants’ was selected from three administrative towns using Schutte Self-Report Emotional Intelligence Test questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive (mean) and inferential (T-tests) statistics. Analysis revealed that persons with physical disabilities appeared to have low level of EI. Moreover, the analysis noted that significant difference was not observed in EI of persons with physical disabilities based on their sex and onset of disability. Thus, irrespective of sex and onset of disabilities, the study found that the EI of persons with physical disabilities scored low. Disability People Associations in collaboration with governmental and non-governmental organizations should design continuous training programs regarding EI and life skills.
Staff working conditions and organizational commitment: a correlation analysis of Delta State Universities
Akpokiniovo-Uwawah Felicia Tuoyo
If a university's primary focus is on education, its success may be attributed to its faculty's quality and the working environment that drive them. This research was done to evaluate the impact of Delta State Universities' organizational commitment and staff working conditions (appropriate salary/wage payment, pay as you earn (PAYE) taxation and general working environment). The research employs a correlational approach to data collection. All teaching staff of Delta State University, Abraka, with 10 faculties, and 689 academic employees are included in the research population. Due to the tiny size of the population, a method called "purposive sampling" was used. The questionnaire used to gather data was self-structured and evaluated by three professionals with a reliability index of 0.75. The Pearson Product Moment Correlation was used to determine the connection between the variables from the collected data. Researchers discovered a strong link between staff working condition, including salary/wage payment, PAYE income tax deduction, and the overall office atmosphere with organizational commitment. University administrators have been urged to provide adequate and secured environment and to ensure that staff are paid on time and in full.
The effect of financial risks on financial performance of private commercial banks in Ethiopia
Andinet Asmelash Fentaw & Dr. Aashka Thakkar
The effect of financial risk has been considered to be an important issue on the performance of Ethiopian private commercial banks. This study empirically examines the effect of financial risks on performance of private commercial banks of Ethiopia and interprets the result by relating with the regulations. The study used OLS regression model in examining the regression model and collect data from ten private banks covering the period of ten (10) consecutive years (i.e. 2012-2022). To this end, the study employed a mixed method research approach by combining documentary analysis and unstructured in-depth interviews. The study used panel data techniques on the regression analysis and used E-view9 software package. The study used one dependent variable return on asset (ROA), seven independent variables that are capital adequacy risk, credit risk, liquidity risk, interest rate risk, foreign exchange rate to operating cost risk, loan to deposit risk, and deposit to asset risk. The regression result show that credit risk, liquidity risk and foreign exchange rate risk were statistically negative effect at 1% significance level on performance of private commercial banks in Ethiopia whereas liquidity risk and interest rate risk had negative insignificant effect on performance Ethiopian commercial banks. Furtherer, the results from the panel regression suggest that capital adequacy, operating efficiency and loan to deposit has a positive and significant effect at 1% significant level on financial performance. However, deposit to asset ratio has a positive and insignificant impact on performance of private banks in Ethiopia. The research concluded that financial risks have significant effect on the performance of Ethiopian private commercial banks. Hence, the study recommend in support of each variables for Ethiopian private commercial banks to give due attention on financial risk to enhance their performance significantly.
Management of advanced gingival recession defects in mandibular anterior teeth using gingival unit graft - Case Series
1. Dr.Anupama Tadepalli 2. Dr. Swapna Chekurthi 3. Dr.Harinath Parthasarathy 4. Dr.Deepa Ponnaiyan
Objectives: Gingival recession leads to exposure of the root surface of the tooth due to apical migration of marginal gingiva relative to the cement-enamel junction. The increased incidence of recession has become a major concern for clinicians as dentinal hypersensitivity, esthetic issues and root caries are often associated with root exposure. Free gingival grafts are commonly used to augment attached gingiva. Gingival unit transfer is a variant of free gingival graft that was used in this case series to increase the width of attached gingiva simultaneously improving root coverage. Methods: This case series describes the clinical effectiveness of a gingival unit graft harvested from palate, in the treatment of RT2 gingival recession defects with respect to mandibular anterior teeth in three subjects. Clinical parameters such as recession depth (RD), width of attached gingiva (WAG) and keratinized tissue (KTW) were evaluated at baseline and post surgery. Root coverage percentage (RC%) was calculated at the end of each follow up period respectively. Results: At the end of the two-year follow-up period, patient 1 had 100% root coverage. At 18 months, patient 2 had partial root coverage ranging from 50 to 75% in different sites. Complete marginal root coverage was attained in patient 3 at 6 months without significant improvement in papillary height. KTW and WAG were improved in all individuals, along with gain in clinical attachment. Conclusion: GUT treatment resulted in improvement in KTW and vestibular depth with varied percent of root coverage in advanced mandibular recession defects.
E-filing of income-tax returns: A study on the tax-payers awareness and challenges
Srinivas Nimmagadda , Dr.V. Krishna Mohan , Swetha Nimmagadda
The income tax returns need to be filed by tax-payers as per the Section 139(1) of the Income Tax Act of India. In earlier times, the income tax returns need to be filed physically in the concerned jurisdiction ward along with all the supporting documents but the income tax department moved to e-filing mode since 2004.As a result, a lot of improvements from time to time took place in e-filing process to make it simpler and more user-friendly. The purpose of this research paper is to improve tax compliance by helping the tax-payers in filing the correct ITR form and filing it properly as per the Income-tax rules and in compliance with the various provisions of the Income Tax Act. For this purpose, the likely mistakes made by the tax-payers in filing the returns have been identified and discussed. The facilities provided by the income-tax department have also been discussed so that they can be properly utilized. It is important to note that the tax-payers are making certain mistakes in claiming some deductions and are also ignoring the clubbing provisions of the Income-tax Act, disclosing interest income, etc. which may lead to increased tax litigations. They should also ensure that they cross-check their form 26AS before filing return of income. Existing and proposed specified financial transactions have been highlighted. The facilities provided by the Income tax department, like e-Nivaran and Helpdesk role in addressing grievances of the taxpayers have been discussed. In order to improve the system, certain suggestions are made to both income-tax department and the tax-payers. The Income tax department should focus on pre-filling of data and put efforts in simplifying format of ITR-2 to ITR-7. Some key steps were already taken in e-filing portal 2.0 It should also co-ordinate with stock exchanges and establish interface with them to ensure that Schedule 112A data on long term capital gain in share transactions gets pre-filled automatically from the databases of the stock exchanges. The Tax-payers should be more careful in tax compliance in some tax provisions and fully utilize facilities provided by income-tax department like, e-Nivaran, help desk, etc. The income-tax department policy of “Honouring-The-Honest” will connect to the tax tax-payers only when they take all necessary measures to ensure that the tax-payer does not face any hardship from tax authorities.
Perceived Effects of Adopting Waste Segregation Practices to Homes and School
Jonard A. Barlaan1, Jocelyn R. Dollente2, Marjorie N. Manlulu3
The study entitled, “CLSU Student’s Adoption on Waste Segregation Practices and Its Perceived Effects at their Homes and School” determined the waste segregation practices adopted by the students at homes and school and the relationship between student’s socio-demographic characteristics and information source with their adoption on waste segregation practices. The study used random sampling and 72 students served as respondents. A combination of qualitative and quantitative research approaches was used. Survey questionnaire was utilized to gather information. Major findings reveal that the students’ socio-demographic characteristic like age, sex, educational attainment, seminars attended and annual family income were highly significant related to their adoption of waste segregation practices. Meanwhile, the students’ sources of information such as interpersonal and media were highly significant with the students’ adoption of waste segregation practices. Akin to this, source is significant in adoption on waste segregation. It can create awareness to individuals about the importance and benefits of recycling, both in the short term and long term, for them as well as the societies they live in and the world at large. The study recommends that students and professors should be given more trainings on waste segregation because they serve as role models. Households should also be taught and reminded to adopt waste segregation practices. Also, further study should be conducted to determine the adoption level of waste segregation and its effects to the environment.
Trengthening Adoption of Organic Agricultural Practices through Women Empowerment
Erlinda D.L. Palmario ,Sheryll C. De Leon , Joanna Marie S. Bradecina , Marivic A. Capalad
Strengthening Adoption of Organic Agricultural Practices through Women Empowerment, an extension project funded by the Bulacan Agricultural State College (BASC) was initially carried out in Barangay Sumandig, San Ildefonso, Bulacan from June 28, 2018, to December 31, 2020. This project generally aims to involve women in the adoption of organic agricultural practices. These women were members of the association whose primary source of income is the provision of related services in agriculture because they do not have an arable area to cultivate. This project specifically aims to provide technical knowledge and skills on making organic concoctions and vermicompost; promote the organic agricultural practice in the community through the establishment of a demo-trial farm and vermicompost area; document the number of women who will able to adopt organic agriculture practices; and document the increase in income in adopting organic agriculture practice through cost and return analysis. The project consisted of three (3) phases: Conduct of Seminar-training Workshop; Establishment of Science and Technology Community-Based Trial; and turn-over of the project. Seedling dispersal was also carried out in order to make participants apply what they had learned about the capacity training they had undergone and to help them raise their profits. Monitoring was conducted regularly to ensure good production management and economic returns among participants. Vermicomposting area has been developed mainly to encourage the use of organic fertilizers in order to minimize the use of synthetic fertilizers, which may cause soil fertility depletion in the long term, and to promote a healthier environment by reducing contamination by the use of resources in the region, such as manure and leaf litter, which can be used as a substrate. Women have learned how to make their own vermicompost through training and seminars. To date, the farmer's partner has been encouraged to use it as a basal fertilizer for their crops and has increased its income through the production of vermicompost. Finally, it was encouraging to see that appropriate technologies and interventions were encouraging women's formal participation. Empowering them through the adoption of organic agricultural practices will benefit not only their own health but also the health of their families, while also providing a healthier environment for the community and sustaining agricultural productivity.
Human Rights Situation under Taliban (Islamic Emirate) Regime
Mohammad Ramin Hakimy & Basel Abou Rokba
The formation of human rights institutions, including the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission, was one of the first successes of the post-Taliban administration. Based on the Bonn Agreement(Wikipedia, 2022)(Assembly, 1948), the Afghanistan government was required to develop and maintain human rights institutions, and human rights were also incorporated in the Afghanistan Constitution as a fundamental element of the Afghan new regime system. International human rights groups have opened offices in Afghanistan as a result of this. However, on August 15, 2021, the Taliban gained control of Kabul and other provinces of the country by force, disbanding all national and civic organizations that protect human rights and repealing the constitution and other laws that protect individuals human rights. It consistently abuses people's human rights and restricts citizens' access to their fundamental freedoms, in violation of all of the previous government's international duties. The Taliban has severely limited freedom of expression, denied women the right to school and jobs, and denied all citizens, particularly women, the opportunity to engage in self-determination. Arbitrary executions, field trials, torture and ill-treatment of journalists, violence against protestors, forced relocations, and raids on people's homes are all examples of human rights violations. . This study tries to address the situation of human rights in Afghanistan and examines the reasons that the human rights violating nowadays in Afghanistan under Taliban regime. The present research paper has been done in the form of online sources, articles recent news, and analysis of the founded materials.
Education for democratic values: the role of civic education for sustainable democracy in Nigeria
Ogheneakoke Edore Clifford.
The paper looked at examines education for democratic values; civic education role in promoting sustainable democracy in Nigeria. The paper discussed the role of civic education in promoting democratic values and sustaining democracy in Nigeria. It looked at the challenges militating effective democracy in Nigeria. These challenges are corruption, political violence and assassinations, God fatherism, electoral malpractice, ethnicity, poverty, greed, and favoritism. It also discusses the role of civic education in developing the right types of values for a sustainable democracy in Nigeria. Some suggestions were made and these include: The curriculum of civic education should emphasize teachers and students’ active participation in activities such as voting supporting, exchange of peaceful political power and accepting defeat without violence.
Diagnostic effectiveness of CBCT in Mandibular imaging a systematic review
1. Abhinaya LM 2. Arvind Muthukrishnan
Aim: To evaluate the diagnostic effectiveness of cone beam computed tomography and two-dimensional imaging modalities in mandible. Objectives: To identify, compare and assess the accuracy of the imaging modalities to diagnose anatomical structures, its variations and pathological conditions seen in the mandible. Data sources and search methods: Electronic search of the following database was performed: PubMed – Mesh, Cochrane central register of controlled trials, science direct, Google scholar and hand search. Articles were selected if there was a comparison between the imaging modalities and confined to the mandible. The electronic and hand search of studies published until December 2020, yielded a total of 9 meeting the inclusion criteria were selected. Review methods: Data extraction and collection from the included studies was conducted by the primary author and reviewed by the second author. Conclusion: Literature based evidence states that cone beam CT has a better diagnostic effectiveness over two-dimensional imaging. Hence, a proper benefit to risk ratio must be carried out prior to requisition of the imaging modality.
Implications of agricultural extension workers (AEWS) in the implementation of agricultural extension modalities amidst Covid-19 pandemic
Nerilyn J. Victoria
The study aimed to determine the constraints of Agricultural Extension Workers (AEWs) in the implementation of agricultural extension modalities amidst COVID-19 in selected municipalities of Bulacan. The researcher used descriptive research method using survey. The survey method was used to gather needed information/data and was conducted through Google form. Most of the respondents were young adults and majority were married. Agricultural extension workers have educational attainment of college graduate and most of them are permanent with less than 5 years in service. Based on the outcome of this study, agricultural extension workers faced the fear of valued farmers to be infected by COVID-19. Due to this fear, farmers tend to avoid meetings and trainings as well. Local Government Units also interfered to limit group meetings to prevent the spread of the disease thereby executing lockdown. Lack of transportation facilities supplies, and materials also became a hindrance for an agricultural extension worker to render his/her service.